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Linguistics Ch. 1 Class Notes
Terms in this set (44)
The scientific study of language (specifically, human language) (a particular way to study using physical and social scientific methods)
Cognitive Ability; Specific Language
Human language is made up of what 2 things??
To acquire some specific language (i-Language) (internal language)
English is an example of a??
Languages are ____
A system that has 2 primary components: 1. Elements 2. Rules
The building blocks/ pieces of a language (a component of grammar)
Standards for combining elements (a component of grammar)
Nobody has to be ____ the system of grammar, we are not ____ that this is going on, it's just working (can't explain how it works)
Your unconscious knowledge of your language
Allows you to compose new sentences and to understand the ones you hear
Once linguistic competence is acquired, it is a ____ capability
What you actually say (your speech/ not your thought)
The mistakes you sometimes make in your speech (isn't a reflection on your competence/ when you trip and fall/ stuttering)
The study that focuses on individual speech sounds, how they are articulated and how do you hear them as a listener ( the individual sounds are part of th elements of your language)
The study of sound systems (rules) (ex. elm...*lme)
Word Formation (ex. roots/ prefixes/ suffixes)
Mean-ing-full is an ____ of grammar while ing-full-mean is a ____
The part of your grammar that helps you build phrases and sentence by putting words together ( the dog * dog the)
How you know the meanings of words (idioms)
Phonetics; Syntax; Semantics; Phonology; Morphology
What are 5 capabilities in your grammar and competence??
Productive; Recursive; Displacement; Arbitrary
What are the 4 design features of language??
A design feature that is generative; We are constantly creating new sentences; Combinable in many kinds of different ways; Creative; Discreetness
Specifically refers to the capacity of human language to embed small chunks into large chunks; Its limits have to do with human capabilities (ex. memory)
When someone says, "Jill overslept" then adds on to it and says "Tom said,'Jill overslept'." is an example of??
To talk about things that aren't visible/ currently present (talk about the past/future/ things that aren't the case and make up concepts for things that don't exist)
There is no reason behind/ for it; One of the aspects are the connections between a word and its meaning (animal sounds are often put as a case against it)
Animal sounds are often put as a case against ____
Describe Individual; Listening; Patterns
Linguists 1. ____ ____ languages and they do it by 2. ____ to lots of speakers for ____
Linguists describe individual languages by listening to lots of speakers for patterns and as soon as they find the pattern, they write a??
Nouns are made plural by adding an s to the end- this is an example of a??
Describe the behavior of a language and don't have to be taught
Linguists want ____ ____ so they never make judgements on "proper" language (dialects, etc), the do it based on actual usage
Something you're supposed to follow
Give the proper usage/ how the language should be used; they tell you the correct and proper usage and they will tell you both what is good and bad
Who vs whom is an example of??
They were originally intended only for writing; They change over time (ex. split infinitives)
Not based on actual usage; is used to "decrease" the language of stuff they didn't like; Lines up with the standard language (ex. standard English)
Is one of the cognitive systems of human being; The basic structure is innate, but it develops in a specific environment
If we invent a word like gulip, it's meaning is unpredictable from its form. This design feature of a language is called??
Refers to the system of elements (or building blocks) of a language plus the rules for combining them
Refers to our unconscious (or hidden) knowledge of our language
The study of the individual speech sounds of a language; How a person articulates the word and how it sounds to the listener
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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Linguistics Ch. 3 Class Notes
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Linguistics Ch. 1 Book Notes
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