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gregor mendel

father of modern genetics: a czec priest


offspring from different parents


offspring exactly like the parent


the alleles ability to separate


purebred. ex. TT


hybrid. ex. Tt

3 to 1

ratio derived from a monohybrid cross

independent assortment

law that states one trait will segregate independently from different traits

genes control heredity and are inherited
genes may be dominant or recessive
alleles are segrated during the formation of gametes (law of segregation)
genes for different traits assort independently from each other

summary of mendel's work

test cross

helps determine an unknown genotype

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