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10 terms

Bio sem2 ch 1

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gregor mendel
father of modern genetics: a czec priest
hybrids
offspring from different parents
purebreds
offspring exactly like the parent
segregation
the alleles ability to separate
homozygous
purebred. ex. TT
heterozygous
hybrid. ex. Tt
3 to 1
ratio derived from a monohybrid cross
independent assortment
law that states one trait will segregate independently from different traits
genes control heredity and are inherited
genes may be dominant or recessive
alleles are segrated during the formation of gametes (law of segregation)
genes for different traits assort independently from each other
summary of mendel's work
test cross
helps determine an unknown genotype