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Cell Parts - Science Chapter 7

9th Grade Science Chapter 7 - Cell Parts
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Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Complex network that transports materials throughout the cell. Holds many ribosomes
Chloroplast
Organelle that converts sunlight energy, carbon dioxide and water into high energy sugar molecules
Cytoplasm
Supports the cell's organelles. Stores some cellular materials
Nuclear Envelope
This phospholipid bilayered membrane protects the nucleus
Nucleus
The organelle that controls the cell's activities and contains the DNA
Cytoskeleton
Frame work of the cell provides structural strength and causes cellular movement.
Plastids
Plant organelle involved in storage of food or pigment. Leucoplast stores starch. Chromoplast stores pigments
Lysosomes
Contains digestive enzymes, helps the cell to commit suicide
Vacuoles
Storage sacks for water, salts, proteins, carbohydrates, food or waste
Golgi Apparatus
Modifies or packages proteins for export from the cell
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Complex network that transports materials throughout the cell, stores enzymes and chemicals
Ribosomes
Organelle in which proteins are made also enzymes
Mitochondria
Transforms the chemical energy stored in food molecules into energy the cell can use
Nucleolus
Cell structure made of RNA and proteins, it makes ribosomes
Chromosomes
Threadlike structure in a cell that contains the genetic information coded in DNA