early bird fitness p.e exam
Terms in this set (45)
Total amount of weight you can lift regardless of your body weight.
A form of stretching that prepares the body for physical exertion. Muscles are taken through a controlled full range of motion similar to what they will encounter during their training. Should be done pre-workout.
Type of training that is less intense and the heart rate is maintained at 70-80% of the Max Heart Rate. One uses oxygen to utilize energy.
Type of training that is intense and the heart rate is maintained at 80-90% of the Max Heart Rate. One does not use oxygen to utilize energy, they use glycogen.
A decrease in muscle mass due to a lack of exercise.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
A number calculated from a person's height & weight. May be an indicator of body fatness that can lead to health problems. BMI is particularly inaccurate for people who are fit or athletic, as the higher muscle mass tends to put them in the "overweight" category.
Chemical compound in many foods (grains, fruits, vegetables) that has a base component of sugar. Stored in body fat cells for energy.
A naturally occurring chemical compound and is a byproduct of human respiration.
A form of physical activity that includes a series of exercises in a sequence with little rest.
Tension on the muscle as it shortens.
Technique for continuing an exercise with a lower weight once muscle failure has been achieved at a higher weight. Limit yourself to three drop sets per exercise.
Tension on the muscle as it lengthens.
Fast Twitch Muscle Fibers
These muscle fibers are efficient for short bursts of speed and power, but they fatigue quickly.
Free Weight Training
Common type of strength training for developing strength and size of skeletal muscle. Uses weighted bars or dumbbells for concentric or eccentric contractions.
Any combination of four exercises that target one muscle group for 1 set of 10 repetitions, and 10 seconds of rest in between sets.
Chemical stored in fat cells that gets utilized in anaerobic training.
Human Growth Hormone (HGH)
A naturally occurring hormone in the human body that has been abused by athletes trying to gain a competitive edge.
Health problems caused by doing too much physical activity.
An increase in muscle mass.
Health problems caused partly by the lack of regular physical exercise.
Physical activity in which short burst of high-intensity exercise are alternated with rest.
An exercise in which there is a muscle contraction with no range of motion.
An exercise in which muscles pull on bones to create movement of body parts.
Machine Weight Training
Common type of strength training that uses gravity and weighted plates with a combination of pulleys, levers, or inclines to alter the mechanical advantage to offer resistance.
A condition of having more than a healthy amount of body fat. >25% for Men and >32% for women.
The condition of weighing more than is healthy or 'normal' for your height.
A naturally occurring element that the body utilizes and needs for prolonged exercise and energy metabolism.
Percent Body Fat (%BF)
The percentage of your body mass that is fat vs. muscle, bone, organs, etc.
A method of scheduling resistance exercises to provide variety and to enhance performance.
Physical activity that incorporates jumps and other exercises that cause a lengthening of a muscle followed by a shortening contraction.
The ability to use strength quickly.
Principle of Overload
A rule that states to improve fitness, one must do more physical activity than one normally does.
Principle of Progression
A rule that states that the amount of physical activity needs to be increased gradually.
Principle of Specificity
A rule that states that specific types of exercise improve specific parts of fitness or specific muscles.
Biochemical compound found in meats, nuts, legumes, and eggs. Base components are amino acids.
A progression from lighter weights with a greater number of repetitions in the first set, to heavier weights with fewer repetitions in subsequent sets.
The amount of weight you can overcome for each pound of body weight (strength per pound of body weight).
The number of consecutive times one does an exercise.
A group of repetitions of a specific exercise.
Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers
These muscle fibers are suited for endurance and are slow to fatigue.
Lengthening a muscle to a elongated position (to the point of discomfort) and held for 30-90 seconds. Should be done post-workout.
A number of repetitions followed by a rest period, then by one or more sets of the same exercise.
Two different exercises performed in succession, without rest, that target a specific muscle or muscle group.
Suspension training that uses one's body weight to develop strength, power, endurance, balance, flexibility, and core stability.
The maximum capacity of an individual's body to transport and use oxygen during exercise, which reflects the physical fitness of the individual..
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