36 terms

Circulatory system

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Ablation
Correction of abnormal heart rhythm by burning of abnormal heart tissue through radiofrequency or other methods such as laser, microwave, or freezing.
Aneurysm
Bulging or ballooning out of a vessel.
Angioplasty
A procedure performed to treat coronary artery disease. An inflated balloon compresses plaque against artery walls.
Aphasia
Impairment of speech expression and/or word understanding.
Atherosclerosis
Type of arteriosclerosis wherein fatty substances such as plaque block or clog the arteries.
Blood pressure
The force that blood puts on the arterial walls when the heart beats.
BNP
(Brain natriuretic peptide) a hormone that is produced by the heart; a BNP test measures the amount of BNP that is found in the heart.
Bradycardia
Slow heart rate, generally fewer that 60 beats per minute.
Capillaries
Smallest blood vessel through which material passes to and from the bloodstream.
Cardiac arrest
Sudden loss of heart function.
Cardiomyopathy
A disorder of the muscles of the heart chambers that impedes heart function.
Cognitive deficit
Disorder in thinking, learning, awareness, or judgment.
Conduction disorder
Abnormalities of cardiac impules
Coronary artery bypass graft
Surgery performed to bypass an occluded coronary artery.
Deep vein thrombosis
A blood clot that forms in a deep vein.
Dissection
A tear in wall of a vessel
Electrophysiologist
A physician trained in electrical disorders of the heart.
Embolus
Clot that travels to another part of the body
Endocarditis
Inflammation of the lining of the heart chambers and valves
Fistula
An abnormal passage between an artery and vein
Heart Failure
Impaired function of the heart's pumping ability
Malignant hypertension
Rapidly rising blood pressure, usually in excess of 140 mm Hg diastolic with finding of visual impairment and symptoms or signs of progressive cardiac failure
Myocardial Infarction
Heart attack
NSTEMI
non-ST elevation myocardial infarction.
Pericarditis
Inflammation of the covering of the heart
Phlebitis
Inflammation of a vein
Pulmonary embolism
A blood clot in the pulmonary artery that causes blockage in artery
Pulmonary hypertension
High blood pressure in the arteries that supply blood to the lungs.
Stasis Dermatitis
Skin condition due to poor circulation (venous insufficiency) that is characterized by swelling, skin discoloration, weeping, itching, and scaly skin.
STEMI
ST elevation myocardial infarction.
Stenosis
Abnormal narrowing
Tachycardia
Fast heart rate, generally greater than 100 beats per minute.
Thoracentesis
Puncture of the chest wall to remove fluid (pleural effusion) from the space between the lining of the outside of the lungs (pleura) and the wall of the chest.
Thrombus
A blood clot that forms and remains in a vein.
Transient ischemic attack
A stroke that lasts for only a few minutes
Varicose Veins
Enlarged, twisted veins that usually occur in the legs.