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a transfer of thermal energy due to a difference in temperature

heat energy

a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature

electrical energy

form of energy made available by the flow of electrons through condunctors

chemical energy

form of energy stored in the bonds of atoms and molecules

mechanical energy

total amount of potential and kinetic energy in a system

kinetic energy

energy of an object that results from motion

potential energy

energy stored in a system that has the potential to be converted into mechanical or kinetic energy

heat transfer

the movement of energy from a warmer object to a cooler object


a measure of how hot or cold something is


study of the relationship between energy, heat and work.


energy made available by the movement of electrons through conductors

energy conversion

transformation from one form of energy to another form

fossil fuels

fuels formed by the anaerobic decomposition of buried, dead organisms; ex: coal, petroleum


device that converts kinetic energy to electrical energy


amount of work done in a given unit of time


effort expended in rubbing one object against another

gravitational acceleration

acceleration of an object due to gravity, measured in meters per second squared


displacement of an object during some interval of time.

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