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Sociology 170

STUDY
PLAY
scientific management
Fredrick Taylor's term for the application of scientific principles to the operation of a business or other large organization
secondary group
a large and impersonal social group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity
expressive leadership
group leadership that focuses on collective well being
organizational environment
refers to factors outside an organization that affect its operation
network
a web of weak social ties
instrumental leadership
group leadership that emphasizes the completion of tasks
groupthink
the tendency of group leaders to conform, resulting in a narrow view of some issues
bureaucracy
an organizational model rationally designed to perform tasks efficiently
reference groups
social groups that serve as points of reference in making evaluations and decisions
out-group
a social group towards which one feels competition or opposition
bureaucratic inertia
the tendency of bureaucratic organizations to perpetuate themselves
social group
two or more people who identify and interact with one another
formal organization
a large secondary group organized to achieve its goals efficiently
triad
a social group with three members
in-group
a social group commanding a member's esteem and loyalty
oligarchy
the rule of many by the few
bureaucratic ritualism
a preoccupation with rules and regulations to the point of thwarting an organization's goals
dyad
a social group with two members
primary group
a small group whose members share personal and enduring relationships