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All of the chapter 26 study guide questions and answers.

Thomas Peters was

An African man captured in Africa and then sold into slavery. He joined the Black Pioneers and after he escaped to Nova Scotia. He later went to London to promote a colony for former slaves(Sierra Leon).

The Black Pioneers were

A company of escaped slaves who fought to maintain British rule in the colonies.

The rise in maritime trade in the early modern era in Africa

Helped promote prosperous port cities and the establishment of Coastal Kingdoms.

The most important early city in the Songhay empire was


The most influential ruler in the rise of the Songhay empire was

Sunni Ali

Sunni Ali build a powerful imperial navy to patrol the

Niger River

All Songhay emperors were


The Songhay empire fell in 1591 to

A Moroccan Army

Vasco da Gama played a central role in the collapse of

The Swahili city states

In 1505d all the Sqahili city states were subdued by

The Portuguese navy

The ruler of the Kingdom of Kongo, Afonso I, converted to what religion and encouraged his subjects to convert as well.


The capital of the Kingdom of Kongo, known to the Europeans as Sao Salvador, was


King Nzinga Mbemba of Kongo was best known for

His zealous religious practice.

An alliance with Portugal brought wealth and foreign recognition to Kongo, as well as

Brought an end to the Kingdom, and helped establish a colony.

The Portuguese referred to Ndongo as Angola because of the word ngola, which meant

It was the title of the Kings in the area

The chief obstacle to Portuguese control of Angola came from

Queen Nzinga's resistance

The first European colony in sub-Saharan Africa was

The Portuguese colony of Angola

In an effort to drive the Portuguese out of Ndongo, Queen Nzinga formed an alliance with the


A trading post was built at Cape town in 1652 by the


This massive, fortified city in southern Africa dominated the gold trade in its region of the continent until the late fifteenth century.

Great Zimbabwe

When the Dutch founded Cape Town they encountered which of these indigenous ground, whom they called Hottentots?

The Khoikhoi People

The center of Islamic learning in west Africa was


Islam was most popular in sub-Saharan Africa in

The commercial centers.

Islam and Christianity usually spread into sub-Saharan Africa

As sycretic versions of the originals

The Fulani

Practiced a strict form of Islam

Which of the following was not an accomplishment of the Fulani?

Were Accomplishments: Founded powerful states, established Quran Schools.

The founder of the religion that stressed that Jesus Christ has been a black man and that Kongo was the true holy land was

Dona Beatriz

During the early modern period in Africa, the basis of social organization continued to be

Kinship groups

The most important American crop introduced into Africa in the sixteenth century was


By 1800, the population of sub-Saharan Africa stood at

Sixty Million

Throughout most of history, the majority of slaves came from

Africa(war captives)

One of the factors that made African slavery different from the varieties practiced elsewhere was that

Slaves in Africa were a sign of power and wealth. They were property.

The arrival of Europeans

Lead to expanded slave trade. It spread to the Atlantic which caused an enormous involuntary migration.

The first European slave trades were the

Portuguese explorers

As part of the triangular slave trade, the Europeans usually picked up slaves in Africa in return for

Horses, Cloth, Metal-ware and firearms.

Throughout the entire period of trans-Atlantic slavery, the mortality rate for the middle passage was

25%, one quarter.

The heaviest slave trading took place in

The Eighteenth Century.

How many Africans were forcefully brought to the Americas as part of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?

12 million.

The vast majority of slaves

Went to plantations in the tropical/sub-tropical regions of the western hemisphere.

The only place where a slave revolt actually brought about an end to slavery was

In Haiti(The French colony of Saint Domingue)

Which of the following was not a syncretic religion tied to Africans in the Americas

Were: Vodou, Santeria, Candomble

The first European nation to abolish the slave trade was


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