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Chapter 26 Study Guide Questions - AP World History

All of the chapter 26 study guide questions and answers.
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Thomas Peters was
An African man captured in Africa and then sold into slavery. He joined the Black Pioneers and after he escaped to Nova Scotia. He later went to London to promote a colony for former slaves(Sierra Leon).
The Black Pioneers were
A company of escaped slaves who fought to maintain British rule in the colonies.
The rise in maritime trade in the early modern era in Africa
Helped promote prosperous port cities and the establishment of Coastal Kingdoms.
The most important early city in the Songhay empire was
Gao
The most influential ruler in the rise of the Songhay empire was
Sunni Ali
Sunni Ali build a powerful imperial navy to patrol the
Niger River
All Songhay emperors were
Muslim
The Songhay empire fell in 1591 to
A Moroccan Army
Vasco da Gama played a central role in the collapse of
The Swahili city states
In 1505d all the Sqahili city states were subdued by
The Portuguese navy
The ruler of the Kingdom of Kongo, Afonso I, converted to what religion and encouraged his subjects to convert as well.
Catholicism
The capital of the Kingdom of Kongo, known to the Europeans as Sao Salvador, was
Mbanza
King Nzinga Mbemba of Kongo was best known for
His zealous religious practice.
An alliance with Portugal brought wealth and foreign recognition to Kongo, as well as
Brought an end to the Kingdom, and helped establish a colony.
The Portuguese referred to Ndongo as Angola because of the word ngola, which meant
It was the title of the Kings in the area
The chief obstacle to Portuguese control of Angola came from
Queen Nzinga's resistance
The first European colony in sub-Saharan Africa was
The Portuguese colony of Angola
In an effort to drive the Portuguese out of Ndongo, Queen Nzinga formed an alliance with the
Dutch
A trading post was built at Cape town in 1652 by the
Dutch
This massive, fortified city in southern Africa dominated the gold trade in its region of the continent until the late fifteenth century.
Great Zimbabwe
When the Dutch founded Cape Town they encountered which of these indigenous ground, whom they called Hottentots?
The Khoikhoi People
The center of Islamic learning in west Africa was
Timbuktu
Islam was most popular in sub-Saharan Africa in
The commercial centers.
Islam and Christianity usually spread into sub-Saharan Africa
As sycretic versions of the originals
The Fulani
Practiced a strict form of Islam
Which of the following was not an accomplishment of the Fulani?
Were Accomplishments: Founded powerful states, established Quran Schools.
The founder of the religion that stressed that Jesus Christ has been a black man and that Kongo was the true holy land was
Dona Beatriz
During the early modern period in Africa, the basis of social organization continued to be
Kinship groups
The most important American crop introduced into Africa in the sixteenth century was
Manioc
By 1800, the population of sub-Saharan Africa stood at
Sixty Million
Throughout most of history, the majority of slaves came from
Africa(war captives)
One of the factors that made African slavery different from the varieties practiced elsewhere was that
Slaves in Africa were a sign of power and wealth. They were property.
The arrival of Europeans
Lead to expanded slave trade. It spread to the Atlantic which caused an enormous involuntary migration.
The first European slave trades were the
Portuguese explorers
As part of the triangular slave trade, the Europeans usually picked up slaves in Africa in return for
Horses, Cloth, Metal-ware and firearms.
Throughout the entire period of trans-Atlantic slavery, the mortality rate for the middle passage was
25%, one quarter.
The heaviest slave trading took place in
The Eighteenth Century.
How many Africans were forcefully brought to the Americas as part of the trans-Atlantic slave trade?
12 million.
The vast majority of slaves
Went to plantations in the tropical/sub-tropical regions of the western hemisphere.
The only place where a slave revolt actually brought about an end to slavery was
In Haiti(The French colony of Saint Domingue)
Which of the following was not a syncretic religion tied to Africans in the Americas
Were: Vodou, Santeria, Candomble
The first European nation to abolish the slave trade was
Denmark