100 Terms Quiz Bowl Check - ECGQBT
100 Quiz Bowl terms from various areas. Questions courtesy of Quinterest and Protobowl.
Terms in this set (100)
On September 21, 2010, this country's prime minster Omar Sharmarke resigned from his post, citing conflicts between himself and president Sharif Ahmed as reasons. In August, 32 people were killed when the Muna Hotel in this country's capital was stormed by the insurgency group al-Shabab, which is currently at war with this country's government and peacekeepers from nearby Kenya and Ethiopia. For 10 points, name this African nation with its capital at Mogadishu which in recent years has also been the scene of many pirate attacks.
The narrator of this novel dedicates his commencement address to the title character's father. That character later sleeps in the title character's bed to protect her from Wick Cutter. The title character works for the Harling family, and is later impregnated and abandoned by Larry Donovan. The protagonist ends up in a happy marriage with Anton Cuzak in this novel, which is set in Black Hawk, Nebraska. For 10 points, name this novel in which Jim Burden reunites with the title Bohemian girl, a work by Willa Cather whose title character has the surname Shimerda.
The uniform and pointwise types of this property may be contrasted for sequences, and Cauchy sequences in a complete space always have this property. A limit approaching zero is necessary but not sufficient for this property, which exists when the root test gives a value less than one or the integral test gives a finite number. The harmonic series lacks this property, but the alternating version thereof as well as p-series for p greater than one do have this property. This term also applies to geometric series with ratio between negative one and one. Give this term that describes series whose sum approaches a finite number, contrasted with divergence.
Object-Oriented Programming Languages
One of these uses a dispatch table in order to support the dynamic dispatches they can employ in message passing. The namesake constructs in this paradigm can be created using Gang of Four-elucidated patterns like Factory and Singleton, and the pure form of these, exemplified by Eiffel and Smalltalk, treat primitives the same as more complex items. Some of these allow for multiple inheritance, and others provide for parametric polymorphism. The namesake items in them are divided into identity, state and behavior and are usually invoked by calling constructor methods. Including C++ and Java, for 10 points, name these type of programming languages.
The brothers Plexippus and Toxeus were killed over the pelt of one of these animals, one of which was captured shortly after the death of the centaur Pholus. That animal was captured after it had been driven into a snow bank and caused King Eurystheus to hide in a bronze jar. Since King Oeneus did not pay tribute to her, Artemis sent one of these creatures to rampage the countryside; that animal was killed by Meleager, who attempted to award its pelt to Atalanta. For 10 points, name this animal which had Erymanthian and Calydonian varieties.
This ruler subdued a minor revolt in the city of Taxila. His name means "without sorrow" in his native language, and he ruled from the region of Maghda. He erected a sculpture featuring a namesake 24-spoke 'wheel of righteousness' and four outward-facing lions at Sarnath, and many his Rock and Pillar Edicts still stand. He conquered the Kalinga Empire, and this grandson of Chandragupta's conversion to pacifist Buddhism greatly aided that religion's spread. For 10 points, which Mauryan Emperor ruled India from 273 to 232 BCE?
In his semi-clinical studies, he sought to gain "spontaneous convictions" out of his subjects through unexpected questions. His constructivist position was that reality is developed not through copying but through construction, and he concluded that assimilation and accommodation are ways to achieve cognitive equilibrium. This proponent of genetic epistemology named new skills and knowledge as schema, and he wrote The Language and Thought of the Child and The Origin of Intelligence in Children. For 10 points, pre·operational and sensori·motor are two of the stages in the theory of cognitive development of what Swiss psychologist?
Sepoy Mutiny, Sepoy Rebellion, Indian Mutiny, or Indian Rebellion of 1857
During this conflict, Colin Campbell relieved troops whose commander, Henry Lawrence, had died defending a Residency during the Siege of Lucknow. Supported by a female ruler who refused to give up the kingdom of Jhansi, and inspired in part by the failed suicide of Mangal Pandey, it began in the northern city of Meerut. Participants had bitten cartridges lubricated with cow and pig lard in their new Enfield rifles. Leading to the restoration and deposition of Bahadur Shah II, for 10 points, name this event which led to Britain obtaining India as a crown colony in 1857, a rebellion by a namesake group of Islamic warriors.
The Nicene Creed
A later version of this document was approved at the same time as a Tome and two notable letters, and the discussion which led to its approval included a debate over the word "homousios." The question of whether a word was written with one or two instances of the letter "nu" is important to its interpretation, and it was accepted by Damasus I after being promulgated at a meeting which established trinitarianism. The "filioque" clause of this document has been rejected by the Eastern churches, and it ends by stating that "we look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come." For ten points, identify this profession of faith, deceptively not issued by a namesake 325 C.E. council.
Alexander Dumas, Pere
In one work by this man, Thibault's soul is saved when he prays to give his life in exchange for Agnelette's. In addition to The Wolf-Leader, this man wrote about the necromancer Balsamo, who plots to overthrow de Choiseul in exchange for Madame du Barry in Memoirs of a Physician. This author also wrote a novel about a man who seeks revenge against Fernand Mondego, the plotter who married Mercedes, after escaping from the Chateau d'If. For 10 points, name this author of The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo.
This man wrote that a peer "was not for an age, but for all time!" In one poem, this author begged the title figure to "drink to me only with thine eyes." This author created Sir Epicure Mammon for a play about swindling. That play by this author sees Lovewit's house occupied by Face and Dol Common. This author wrote about Mosca plotting to fool Corvino and Corbaccio, who aim to become the titular character's heir. For 10 points, name this author of The Alchemist and Volpone.
Subplots on this television series include eco-terrorism perpetrated by Cynthia Dern and a poker game with the Russian mob. One episode of this series sees Owen stand up the protagonist's daughter while playing video games, while in another episode Martha Rodgers auctions off a date with her son at a charity gala. Other characters in this series include Ryan and Esposito, who work with a woman whose mother's murder is still unsolved. For 10 points, identify this ABC drama in which Kate Beckett teams with the eponymous mystery novelist to solve crimes.
This opera's second act includes the prelude "Les Dragons d'Alcala." Act II opens at Lillas Pastia's inn and sees Dancaïre and Remendado tell Frasquita, Mercédès, and the main character to dispose of their contraband. The main character earlier escapes from Lieutenant Zuniga by singing the "Seguidilla" aria, seducing her guard, Don José. The title character claims that "Love is a rebellious bird" in the "Habanera" aria, and Escamillo the bullfighter sings the Toreador song. For 10 points, name this opera about a gypsy working in a cigarette factory, by Georges Bizet.
University of Georgia
This school won the 1967 Cotton Bowl over SMU and won a share of the national title in 1968. This school's current offensive coordinator is Mike Bobo, and its most recent bowl loss came to West Virginia in 2006. In 1980, this school's football team preserved its perfect season when quarterback Buck Belue threw to Lindsay Scott, who made a 75-yard last-second run to the endzone. This school has rivalries nicknamed "Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate" and "World's Largest Outdoor Cocktail Party". PETA recently suggested replacing this team's mascot, Uga the Bulldog, with a robot. For ten points, name this SEC team from the Peach Tree State.
One of his works ends by noting how "the distant roar of battle" is always prominent and that the legislature has changed to accommodate the "appetite for medicine." That work by this thinker discusses how a French military academy always designed their bathrooms so that its occupant's legs can be seen and their tables were always designed so that everyone could be seen by their servers. That work by this man begins with a discussion of torture and explores the subjugation of bodies in the two titular types of society using the model of Bentham's Panopticon to illustrate one of the types. For 10 points, name this French thinker and author Discipline and Punish.
Royal Proclamation of 1763
This document was the basis for John Marshall's decision in Johnson v. M'Intosh. The ancestors of the plaintiffs in that action shared George Washington's opinion that this document was "a temporary expedient to quiet the minds of Indians." This document initially failed in that task as the coalition of tribes that launched Pontiac's War might well have realized that by making the British Crown the sole purchaser of land west of the Appalachian Ridge, this document created a monopsony where great competition previously existed. For ten points, what is this document, issued by King George III to restrict the private purchase of land acquired from France by the Treaty of Paris earlier in the namesake year?
During this period, a religious sect centered around Mahavairocana and founded by Kukai came to prominence, and was known Shingon Buddhism. A major noble family in this period fell from power during the reign of Go-Sanjo, and was later defeated in the Hogen Rebellion. That family was the Fujiwara, who had controlled the emperors of this period as hereditary regents. Their successors, the Taira family, were defeated at Dan-no-Ura by Minamoto no Yoritomo, leading to the foundation of the first shogunate. It is named after its capital at modern-day Kyoto. For 10 points, name this early period of Japanese history.
The characteristic feature of this phylum of animals is composed of a matrix of conchiolin (conk-EYE-o-lin) which binds to aragonite. The ctenidia (ten-ID-ee-uh) are a breathing apparatus in this phylum which includes periwinkles and conniwinks. The chiton (KAI-ton) is an extremely primitive member of this phylum, whose members possess a scraping feature used for collecting food called the radula (RAD-yoo-luh). Among the classes found in this phylum are cephalopods, gastropods, and bivalves. For 10 points, name this class of shelled invertebrates that includes mussels and clams.
An amusement park named Playland once existed in this city's Bitter Lake neighborhood, and part of state route 99 through this city is known as the Alaskan Way Viaduct. A former utilities plant gives its name to this city's Gas Works Park, and neighborhoods in this city include Green Lake and Rainier Beach. This city's namesake "Center" includes the Experience Music Project and a tower built for the 1962 World's Fair. Located on Puget Sound, for 10 points, name this large Washington city which includes the Space Needle.
In Constantinople, he returns a dropped flower to a young woman's bosom "with the most respectful attentions," but her male companion has him arrested, so he is whipped and sent to the galleys. At an auto-da-fe, he is hanged but survives and wakes up when a surgeon starts cutting him open. He convinces another character to let Jacques the Anabaptist drown, and he teaches the art of "metaphysico-theologo-cosmonigology" at Castle Thunder-ten-tronckh. FTP, name this professor, who preaches that this is the "best of all possible worlds" to Voltaire's Candide.
One of this poet's works begins by condemning the "stolen and perverted writings of Homer and Ovid" before praising "immortal Milton". The Last Judgment concluded his nine Vala Nights in The Four Zoas, and he wrote poems "To the Deists" and "To the Jews" in his collection Jerusalem. He described London as a city with people bearing "marks of weakness, marks of woe" and the cry of the chimney-sweeper, the title character of another of his poems in a dual collection. Perhaps most famous for a poem where the title creature is "burning bright", for 10 points, name this author of Songs of Innocence and "The Tyger."
The Wolf number is calculated using k, the observatory factor, and the number of these present at any given time. They were very rare from 1645 to 1715, a period called the Maunder minimum. Spörer's law states that they usually appear in higher latitudes and later move towards the equator. Their area and latitudinal distribution is graphed against against time in a butterfly diagram, showing a cycle that repeats every eleven years. Coronal mass ejections and solar flares occur near groups of these features. Arising from increased magnetic activity inhibiting convection and thus lowering the surface temperature, for 10 points, name these dark regions on the surface of the sun.
Clayton Antitrust Act
After lobbying by the AFL, a provision in this bill that reminded judges not to issue injunctions against legal strikes and boycotts was added to it. It was the final reaction to the findings of the Pujo Committee, and among its provisions were a ban on discriminatory rate schemes for shipping. It also outlawed the assigning of territories to different competitors and created new restrictions on interlocking directorates and holding companies. For 10 points, name this act passed by the same Congress that established the Federal Trade Commission, a revision of the Sherman Antitrust Act that became law in 1914.
One of this man's paintings shows diamonds flowning from a gash inflicted on a third eye by the title figure's triangular yellow dagger. Another of this man's paintings shows an African mask and rooster lined along the top and a jackal at bottom, all flanked by two totem poles.The painter of The Moon Woman Cuts the Circle, this man's Guardians of the Secret is a part of his Accabonac Creek series, which, along with the Sounds in the Grass series, was created at the Long Island studio he shared with Lee Krassner. He claimed "there is no accident" with regards to works like Blue Poles. For 10 points, name this "action painter" who developed the drip technique, used for works such as Autumn Rhythm and Lavender Mist.
Edward Eastlin Cummings
This author compared the moon to "a fragment of angry candy" in "the Cambridge ladies who live in furnished souls". This author mentions "bayonets roasted hot with heat" in a poem about a "conscientious object-or". This author of "i sing of Olaf glad and big" wrote a poem referring to "sun moon stars rain" and "women and men (both ding and dong)". For 10 points, name this poet of "anyone lived in a pretty how town" who notably avoided capital letters.
This novel features a character that eats 10,400 peaches in order to donate the stones to the military, as well as a man who relates the story of Sir Hercules and his wife, a dwarf couple who commit suicide after they learn that their normal-height son plans to make them dance drunkenly for his friends. In another scene, it is revealed that the towers were constructed so that their builder, Sir Fernando Lapith, might defecate nearer to God. This novel's protagonist receives advice from Mr. Barbecue-Smith on how to write by tapping into his subconscious and later realizes that his love for Anne is the object of ridicule when he discovers caricatures drawn by the nearly deaf Jenny. All of these characters have been invited to visit the home of Henry Wimbush in, for 10 points, what novel centering on Denis Stone's visit to the titular estate, a work by Aldous Huxley.
In this novel, the protagonist commits crimes with Jack Duane and works for the corrupt Mike Scully. Later, he goes to jail after attacking Phil Connor, who had slept with his wife Ona. The end of this novel focuses on a socialist rally whose speaker chants, "Chicago will be ours!" The protagonist of this novel is a Lithuanian immigrant named Jurgis Rudkus. And the outcry from this novel was largely responsible for the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act. For 10 points, name this Upton Sinclair novel known for its graphic depictions of Chicago slaughterhouses.
This author outlined his theories about comedy in an essay titled simply "Humor", which sparked a long-lasting debate with Benedetto Croce. One of his works ends shortly after Baron Nuti and Michele Rocca simultaneously declare their love for Delia Moreno and her fictional counterpart Delia Morello. In another of his works, Lamberto Laudisi attempts to dissuade a group of townspeople from determining whether Ponza's wife was actually the daugher of Signora Frola. This author of Each in His Own Way and Right You Are! (If You Think You Are) penned a play in which Dr. Genoni helps break an illusion that had been maintained by Count di Nolli and a play in which a rehearsal of The Rules of the Game is interrupted by the title figures, who demand the Stage Manager give them parts. For 10 points, name this author of Enrico IV and Six Characters in Search of an Author.
According to local legend, Jacob Waltz established the Lost Dutchman's Gold Mine near this state's Superstition Mountains. Brigham Young's son John built Fort Moroni on this state's San Francisco Peak, which includes its highest point, Humphreys Peak. This state's northern border straddles Monument Valley, where John Ford filmed many of his movies. Its largest cities include Chandler and Scottsdale, and it is home to the Big Horn Mountains and Sonoran Desert. The Colorado River forms this state's most notable feature. For 10 points, name this home of the Grand Canyon.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
This Supreme Court case was interpreted in Missouri v. Jenkins, and evidence that supported the court's ruling in this decision was provided by Kenneth Clark's psychological research. A companion case to this one was precipitated by a protest led by Barbara Johns and, along with this case, was argued by McKinley Burnett and Charles Scott. In addition to Briggs v. Elliott and Bolling v. Sharpe, only Delaware's Gebhardt v. Belton was found to violate an earlier ruling. Monroe Elementary School is now a National Monument that honors, for 10 points, which 1954 decision that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, outlawing de jure school segregation?
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
One character in this novel, Senka, is a deaf survivor of the Buchenwald concentration camp. In one of its scenes, Cesar gives a cigarette butt to the main character instead of Fetyukov. Most of the characters in this novel are "zeks." The title character of this work is also known as Shukov and was imprisoned after escaping a German prisoner of war camp during World War II. For 10 points, name this work, about twenty-four hours of the title character's experiences in a gulag, by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.
Members of one group in this conflict stormed the Northampton courthouse while it was in session. James Bowdoin was governor of the state in which this event took place. The climactic battle of this conflict occurred during a snowstorm and saw Benjamin Lincoln's militia prevail at Petersham. This rebellion was co-led by Job Shattuck. This revolt culminated in a storming of the Springfield armory. This rebellion resulted in calls for a government stronger than the Articles of Confederation provided. For 10 points, name this 1786-87 uprising in Massachusetts.
EU (European Union)
The treaties of Nice and Amsterdam modified the structure of this entity's three pillars. A predecessor to this entity was created by the work of Jean Monnet and Robert Schuman, which focused on coal and steel. One part of this organization is led by José Manuel Barroso, who is president of this entity's Commission. This organization was created after the signing of the Maastricht Treaty. For 10 points, name this organization that attempts to connect countries of a certain continent, whose monetary unit is the euro.
Bendern is the largest city in the Gamprin district of this polity. The Valunerbach river has its source in this polity and forms this polity's Valuna valley. This polity is home to the resort village of Malbun and the scenic Sassweg trail, while the municipality of Balzers forms the westernmost point in this polity. The Rhine forms the western border of this polity, which is with St. Gallen. Fuchs and Feldkirche are the border towns at which this polity is usually entered. Schaan is the largest city of this polity and is located just north of the capital and east of Switzerland. For ten points, name this doubly-landlocked European microstate with capital at Vaduz.
Minor routes over this range include Horse Creek Pass, Lemhi Pass, and the valley of the St. Joe River. The southernmost part of this range, called the Beaverhead Mountains, is west of the Big Hole basin. Trapper Peak is found in their central section, which is bordered on the south by the Salmon River. Fort Fizzle was built in an unsuccessful attempt to stop the (*) Nez Perce from crossing this range via the Lolo Trail, the same route that Lewis and Clark used to cross in the other direction. The Lewisia flower, consumed by Flathead Indians, gives its name to, for 15 points, what mountain range that forms the northeastern border of Idaho?
The second one of them begins with a high G, sometimes played by flutes, and has a section which sees a decrescendo down to low G and D dotted half notes, before returning to three straight C's. The first of them begins with alternating B and G major seventh chords, and is marked to be played "slow and mournfully". They were written a year after a similar group of works, the composer's (*) Sarabandes. Its composer claimed they were inspired by Flaubert's Salammbo, and Debussy refused to orchestrate the second of these pieces, all of which are in ¾ time. They are considered some of the first pieces of ambient music and are partially based on the dances of ancient nude Greek people. For 10 points, identify this set of three piano pieces by Erik Satie.
The Republic of Hungary
This nation was ceded to new conquerors in the Treaty of Karlowitz, after which it became the largest province of Transleithania. It lost most of its area and two thirds of its population in the Treaty of Trianon. Its monarchs wore the hemispherical Crown of Saint Stephen, which was named for its first Arpad dynasty ruler. This nation entered the 1867 Ausgleich with Franz Joseph. Communist leader Janos Kadar ruled this nation after Soviet tanks crushed its 1956 uprising. For 10 points, name this nation populated by Magyars, which was once united with Austria.
After this man was left by his wife Marie Powell, he argued for the legality of divorce in a series of four pamphlets. This author wrote a closet drama about a man who had been blinded and had his hair cut after being captured by Philistines. This author of Samson Agonistes attacked censorship in the pamphlet Areopagitica. He included a figure who believes it is (*) "Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven" in an epic poem about the fall of Adam. For 10 points, name this author of Paradise Lost.
This author wrote a novel based on the life of Vita Sackville-West entitled Orlando. A play by Edward Albee featuring the bickering couple George and Martha is titled after this author. This author also wrote about the Ramsay family in To the Lighthouse and wrote a feminist essay called A Room of One's Own. She also wrote a novel about a woman who regrets not marrying Peter Walsh, a protagonist whose first name is Clarissa. For 10 points, name this English author of Mrs. Dalloway.
He pardoned the youth who killed him with a crossbow during his campaign against French King Philip II. He also came into conflict with Leopold V, whose men recognized him despite his pilgrim's disguise by his insistence on eating roast chicken. He had thrown Leopold's flag off the walls of Acre, a city he had reconquered in 1191, and Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI demanded a ransom equal to the amount he had raised in the Saladin Tithe, which had funded his expedition to the Holy Land. For 10 points, identify this English crusader king nicknamed "Lionheart."
This tribe believes that dried blood of the giant Ye'iitsoh now appears as lava rock by Mount Taylor, the southernmost of four Sacred Mountains that serve as boundaries for their area. The other three are Mount Blanca, Hesprus Mountain, and San Francisco Peak in the west. That area contains the town of Chinle (CHIN-lee), next to Canyon de Chelly (SHAY), and also contains Monument Valley, home to the Mitten Buttes. Places like Chaco Canyon hold many ruins from their enemies' ancestors, the Anasazi. For 10 points, identify this Native American tribe with the largest reservation by area in the United States, found in the Four Corners area with capital at Window Rock.
Bidelloid rotifers are unusual in that they do not undergo this process, and in order for this process to be successful, there must be at least one recombination nodule for each bivalent. It is the opposite process of syngamy, and in one part of the second stage of this process, dyads are moved to opposite poles of the cell. Nondisjunction in the process can lead to aneuploidy where entire chromosomes are either gained or lost. It does not result in DNA synthesis, and in animals it is primarily used to create eggs and sperm. For 10 points, identify process distinct from mitosis where a cell divides to form gametes.
Sitting Bull or Tatanka Iyotake
After being released from imprisonment at Fort Randall, this man dissolved a summit meeting by accusing John Logan and Charles Dawes of conducting business while drunk, and he was murdered by Red Tomahawk after taking the advice of Kicking Bear against his better judgment. Antagonized by James McLaughlin, this resident of Standing Rock and associate of Gall did not believe that his prophecy of "soldiers falling from the sky" was fulfilled at the Battle of the Rosebud. For 10 points, name this Hunkpapa Sioux chief, who, along with Crazy Horse, defeated George Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
To fully experience a temple in this religion, one must affirm his belief in tithing and confession to a priest, in a process called "temple recommend." This religion teaches "Selections from the Book of Moses" and "The Book of Abraham," which are part of The Pearl of Great Price. This religion's text describes a group of settlers of North America called Nephites, and the last priest of those Nephites was Moroni. Its canon is made up of a book translated from Golden Plates, and some fundamentalists of this religion still support polygamy. For 10 points, name this religion founded by Joseph Smith and led by Brigham Young to Utah.
Edgar Allan Poe
In one story by this author, a man kills his wife when she stops him from killing the title animal, Pluto. This author of "The Black Cat" also wrote a story in which Minister D hides the titular "purloined letter" in plain sight. That story features the detective C. Auguste Dupin, who discovers that an orangutan is the culprit in his story "The Murders in the Rue Morgue." Another of his stories details Fortunato's imprisonment by Montresor. For 10 points, name this American author of "The Cask of Amontillado."
Thirty Years' War
The buildup to this conflict saw one side occupied with the Uskok War, and the Smolensk War is sometimes considered an episode in it. Gabor Bethlen took advantage of this conflict to carve out some land, and it also involved Maximilian I of Bavaria. Christian IV signed the Treaty of Lubeck to end Denmark's involvement in this war, and the Battle of White Mountain ended its Bohemian Phase, which began with a Defenestration of Prague. Commanders in this war included the Count of Tilly, Wallenstein, and Gustavus Adolphus. For 10 points, name this war between Catholics and Protestants in the Holy Roman Empire that ended with the Peace of Westphalia.
Aided by such men as Halitherses, this figure once took in a stranger from Pylos named Theoclymenus, who told him about a "bird of omen" he'd seen. Some stories claim that this figure married and fathered Perseptolis with a woman who'd once bathed him, Polycaste, while others claim that he married his possible half-sister Cassiphone or the princess Nausicaa. He learned of a prophecy of Proteus from Menelaus, whom he visited after leaving the court of Nestor, and he undertook those travels on the advice of Athena, who was disguised as Mentor. Palamedes once placed him in front of a plow to foil his father's attempts at avoiding a certain conflict by pretending to be mad. He would ultimately be reunited with his father in Eumaeus' hut. He would later help that father by clearing the palace halls of weapons in order to ambush a bunch of suitors. For 10 points, identify this prince of Ithaca, the son of Penelope and Odysseus.
Peter the Great or Peter I
He accompanied the Grand Embassy across Europe to form alliances with other nations, and while traveling, he was able to work with the Dutch East India Company. The Bulavin Rebellion took place during his rule, and he tried to form an alliance with the Knights of Malta. In an effort to control the Black Sea, he launched a series of attacks against the Ottomans at Azov, and he also partook in a conflict to gain possession of the Baltic Sea from Charles XII of Sweden. He ruled jointly with his half-brother Ivan, and he ordered his eldest son Alexei tortured and killed for treason. For 10 points, name this ruler who was victorious in the Great Northern War and who strove to modernize Russia.
The ratio of two bulk forms of this quantity is given by the polydispersity index, which describes the width of the distribution of this property for certain compounds. In size exclusion chromatography, a negative relationship is obtained between the logarithm of this quantity and the elution volume, while in gel electrophoresis, "ladder molecules" with known values for this property are used as reference compounds. The highest peak corresponding to this property is possessed by monoisotopic particles in mass spec. For 10 points, identify this quantity which is usually expressed in Daltons for biological molecules, and which describes the total number of AMUs present in a compound.
Symphonies of Johannes Brahms
Every movement in the third of these works ends quietly, and that work's first movement also introduces a C/E-flat/high-C/E motif that serves as a "motto" theme. The composer of these works also notably replaced the standard third-movement scherzo in that third work, instead writing a poco allegretto waltz in C minor featuring the work's most distinctive theme, a lilting C/D/E flat, G/F/D that is first stated in the cellos and is famously restated by solo French horn. The fourth of these works has an allegro giocoso third movement in C major marked by the use of piccolo and triangles, and famously opens with the violins playing chains of descending thirds and ascending sixths. That work ends with an Allegro energico e passionato movement in the home key of E minor that steals a theme from the cantata Nacht dir, Herr for a chaconne consisting of thirty-two variations. For 10 points, name these four works, the first of which is sometimes called "Beethoven's tenth."
One mutation in this structure causes hypophosphatemic vitamin D-resistant rickets, and abnormal numbers of CGG repeats in its FMR1 gene may cause mental retardation. This structure is coated with RNA by the Xist gene, and its monosomy causes Turner syndrome. Inactivated to form a Barr body, its recessive mutations are linked to hemophilia and red-green colorblindness. Reduced fertility resulting from Klinefelter syndrome affects males with two copies of this structure. For 10 points, name this chromosome possessed once by males and twice by females.
One of this man's works uses musical terms in every chapter title and heading; those include "Well-Tempered Astronomy," "Rustic Symphony in Three Movements," and "Bororo Song." This man sought irreducible units known as "mythemes." One of his works, whose name is an original-language pun involving pansies, contrasts the Engineer with a man who builds from the materials immediately available to him, the (*) bricoleur. He recounted his journeys to Brazil in his memoir Tristes Tropiques and included "The Origin of Table Manners" and "The Raw and the Cooked" in Mythologiques. For 10 points, name this author of The Elementary Structures of Kinship and The Savage Mind, a French structuralist.
Ode on a Grecian Urn
An interpretation of this work asks if there is paradox in the phrase "cold pastoral" in the final stanza. The speaker is asking what leaf-fringed legend haunts the titular object's shape, eventually inquiring about the ones that are coming to be sacrificed. Critics argue as to who speaks the final 13 lines, perspectives include the poet or the titular object. That titular object is described as the foster child of silence and slow time in the first stanza, and the speaker describes various images on the titular object through the other stanzas. The speaker asserts that heard melodies are sweet, while unheard ones are sweeter, so asks the soft pipes to play on. FTP name this poem that claims "Ye know on earth and all ye need to know is that beauty truth and truth beauty", written by John Keats.
One author of this first and last name wrote a novel in which Denise Crowder is murdered after meeting Daniel Fielding at the Frankfurt Book Fair. In addition to Adultery, that author also wrote an epistolary novel in which the title character corresponds with her sister Nora, who is a radio soap opera star; that novel is entitled Clara Callan. Another author of this first and last name is not Albert Camus, although he wrote an existentialist novel entitled The Outsider. That author also wrote a collection including stories such as "Bright and Morning Star" and "The Ethics of Living Jim Crow," as well as a novel about Mary Dalton's murderer, Bigger Thomas. For 10 points, give this first and last name shared by a Giller Prize-winning Canadian novelist and the American author of Uncle Tom's Children and Native Son.
One version of this religion imagined the Plain of High Heaven where deities lived, while another included the "Perpetual Country" beyond the seas. Inner sanctuaries in this religion often feature carefully wrapped mirrors representing deities. In this religion's creation story, a husband and wife created land from drops off a jewel-encrusted spear used to stir brine. Coming in Folk, Sect, and Shrine varieties, this religion's shrines have gateways called torii. Believers worship over 800 natural spirits called kami. The Grass-Cutting Sword and the goddess Amaterasu come from, for 10 points, the myth of what indigenous religion of Japan?
One building in this city consists of a white dome with yellow towers holding cables up protruding from the top. A banquet house in this city has a Peter Paul Rubens-painted ceiling and was designed by Inigo Jones. Richard Rogers designed the Millennium Dome in this city. St.-Martin-In-The-Fields is a church found in a square that commemorates Lord Nelson in this city. The Crystal Palace burned down in this city, which is also the site of Trafalgar square. For 10 points, name this city that Christopher Wren worked in, the site of Westminster Abbey and Big Ben.
One building of this type is known for the series of diagonal trusses at its base that help it withstand earthquake damage, and was designed by William Pereira. Another building of this type has levels composed of a talud and a tablero, the latter of which depicts carved heads of a Feathered Serpent. Other buildings of this type include the "step" ones built by Imhotep and the main part of the Luxor Las Vegas. For 10 points, name these buildings that have triangular walls converging to a single apex, examples of which include "Great" ones at Giza.
Republic of Uganda
One of this country's pre-colonial leaders was Mutesa, who enjoyed the activities of Alexander Mackay of the Church Missionary Society. A rival kingdom in this modern-day country was Bunyoro, and German claims to this country were given up to the British in the 1890 Heligoland Treaty, who set about building its namesake Railway from Mombassa. After independence, Milton Obote became the first prime minister of this country, and the commander of national forces during the Battle of Mengo Hill seized power in a coup in January of 1971, and who later practiced the ethnic cleansing of the Lango and Acholi. For 10 points, name this African nation once ruled by Idi Amin.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
In this novel, when one character's son is complimented, the father replies by wishing that neither the son, named Harry Harris, nor himself were ever born. This novel contains Tom Loker, who works for Haley, who causes an ar- gument after having dinner at Arthur and Emily Shelby's house. Another character saves Eva from drowning and be- comes a coachman, but his fate worsens when Eva's father Augustine does not follow her dying wish. While Eliza heads North in this story, another main character heads South, ending up on Simon Legree's plantation. Name this novel about slavery by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Friedrich August Hayek
This man supported a free market for the production of money and, along with his mentor, advocated for the term "catallaxy" to replace the word "economy." This thinker used the term "extended order" to describe the effects of price signals and the impossibility of rational distribution of resources in planned economies in his The Fatal Conceit. Paul Krugman criticized the full reserves and tight credit advocated for in this man's theory of buisiness cycles. He was a student of Ludwig von Mises and defended classical liberalism in his The Road to Serfdom. For 10 points, name this economist of the Austrian School.
This man fought a series of conflicts with Tassilo III before claiming Bavaria for himself at the Synod of Frankfurt, and he fought a war over Italian coastal lands with Nicephoros I. He defeated Desiderius, the last king of Lombardy, and his rear-guard met disaster passing through the Pyrenees at Roncevaux Pass. After the death of his son, the Treaty of Verdun divided his lands between Lothair, Louis the German, and Charles the Bald. For 10 points, name this king of the Franks crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 CE.
The protagonist of one of this man's works finds several identical pictures of a colonel and attempts to find the title character, who murdered his lover Dany. This author of The Killer wrote about two elderly characters who jump out of a window near the end of his play The Chairs. Daisy leaves Berenger to join the title animals in another play by this author, who also wrote a play about an odd dinner between the Smiths and Martins. For 10 points, name this Romanian-born author of Rhinoceros and The Bald Soprano.
In 1825, one city of this name served as the provisional capital of Uruguay during its uprising against Brazil. The city of this name on Luzon lies near the source of the Chico River, while another city of this name is the home of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. The Peralta Adobe is the oldest building in the U.S. city of this name, which is also home to a mansion with a bunch of dead-end doors, the Winchester Mystery House. That city is located along Coyote Creek and the Guadalupe River in Santa Clara County, and is California's third-largest. For 10 points, name this name shared by a Silicon Valley mecca and the capital of Costa Rica.
Irwin Allen Ginsberg
In one poem, this author recalled throwing potato salad at a Dadaism expert with his friend Carl Solomon, to whom he dedicated the poem. This author wrote of walking with Walt Whitman down the aisles of a grocery store and through the darkened streets in his poem "A Supermarket in California." For 10 points, name this American poet who "saw the best minds of [his] generation destroyed by madness" at the beginning of his long poem Howl, which exemplified the Beat movement.
He outlined his theory of distribution of the things that can be produced by landlords, workers, and owners of capital in his Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. He believed that workers' income remains at the subsidence level despite government intervention; that theory is the Iron Law of Wages. Another of his theories states that even if one country can produce everything more efficiently than another country, it should not hinder free trade between the countries. For 10 points, name this English economist, the formulator of the theory of comparative advantage.
This character is concerned when another ignores the instructions of Edgar Halliwax, and he follows "Jones" to a camp after he kills Cunningham and tries to escape. Often linked with games, he explains Mouse Trap to a child at a retail store before being visited by his mother. A character reading Everything that Rises Must Converge attends to him when he is pushed out the window by his father, Anthony Cooper. Originally a regional manager at a box company and at one point going by the alias Jeremy Bentham, for 10 points, this is what boar-hunting, messiah-like character played by Terry O'Quinn on Lost, who shares his name with an English philosopher.
Over 1700 died in the 1986 Lake Nyos disaster after a limnic eruption released this substance, whose solid form was first described by Charles Thilorier. The subject of the Kaya identity and Keeling Curve, this substance is a reactant along with hydrogen in both the Sabatier and Bosch reactions. Also known as carbonic anhydride, this compound can be obtained via air distillation and, along with water, is a product of the combustion of hydrocarbons. For 10 points, identify this compound absorbed by plants for photosynthesis, whose solid form is called dry ice.
Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire
This ruler's spiritual mentor pope Adrian IV attempted to facilitate negotiations between him and Francis I of France, who was later captured when this man won at Pavia. He was made leader of the Netherlands before his grandfather's death allowed this son of Joanna the Mad to become king of Spain. This ruler wrote a confession of faith that challenged Martin Luther and was read at Worms, but he abdicated after failing to make peace with revolting German Protestant princes. For 10 points, name this Hapsburg Holy Roman Emperor who combated early Lutheranism.
Symphony No. 3, "Eroica"
This musical work was the first symphony scored for three horns instead of two. It has a solo horn enter with the main melody four measures before the rest of the orchestra in its first movement's recapitulation. Its second movement is a funeral march, and this symphony is in E-flat major. It is dedicated to the "memory of a great man," although it was originally dedicated to Napoleon. For 10 points, name this symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven, his third.
In one work, this man enumerated the four causes of human ignorance - unworthy authority, the influence of habit, popular prejudice, and false conceit of our own wisdom, which he claimed was most harmful to pursuit of truth. He was imprisoned on orders of Jerome of Ascoli, the general of the Franciscans, and upon his release he authored his final work, a Compendium of Theological Studies. He circumvented restrictions on publishing by corresponding with Guy de Foulques, who later became Pope Clement IV. John Erskine commemorated his 700th birthday in a play entitled A Pageant of the 13th Century. This man, who wrote "he who knows not mathematics cannot know any other sciences," collected his thought in an Opus Major, Opus Minor, and Opus Tertium. FTP, name this philosopher called "Doctor Mirabilis," who championed the idea of experimental science.
Timothy William Burton
He won a scholarship to CalArts where he studied animation and later worked for Disney on Tron, The Black Cauldron, and The Fox and the Hound. His longtime girlfriend, model Lisa Marie, played Vampira, a sexy alien, and Ichabod's mother in three of his films before their messy breakup. He has collaborated with composer Danny Elfman on all of his films except Ed Wood and his most recent. For 10 points, name this frequent collaborator with Johnny Depp on such films as Sleepy Hollow, Corpse Bride, and Edward Scissorhands.
In one of his operas, the decree of Keikobad threatens the Emperor of the Southeastern Islands. Another opera focuses on Diemut restoring the fires of her town by relenting to the alchemist Kunrad, Feursnot. Leukippos and Peneios are two characters in another opera, Daphne. His collaborations with Hugo von Hofmannsthal produced Electra. The "Dance of the Seven Veils" was part of another opera that closed after one night in New York, Salome. For ten points, name this Romantic composer of Arabella and Guntram, also noted for his tone poems Thus Spake Zarathustra.
One tributary of this river, the Skardu, is depleted because of the melting of the Baltoro Glacier in Baltistan. In May 2010, a city at the confluence of two other tributaries, the Hunza and the Gilgit, had to be evacuated because of a water surge. A 1960 treaty governing water use on this river was necessary because it flows through Ladakh before entering the country with which it is most associated, but some criticize that treaty for increasing desertification in the Thar Desert. The Kabul River flows into this river, which flows through the Sindh and Punjab Provinces before emptying into the Arabian Sea. Mohenjo Daro lies on the flood plain of, for 10 points, what central river of Pakistan, whose valley was once home to a namesake Bronze Age civilization?
The Cattle Raid of Cooley
One participant in this event died of shame after she discovered her promised sexual favors had prompted the deaths of several hundred men, while another fell despite his rocky skin after being pinned to a river bed by his best friend. One man joined this event after a recently-severed head continued to berate him for his absence, and it was facilitated by a plague sent by a woman in retaliation for being forced to race a chariot while nine months pregnant. The origins of this event lie in a transmogrification-provoking dispute between swineherds, and it was nearly prevented entirely before a prostitution transaction was spoiled by drunken go-betweens. The central figure of this event took a three-day nap that triggered his transformation into a murderous rampaging monster and was at various points distracted by sexual tension with the Morrigan and visitations from his true father, Lugh. The impetus for this event arose from a dispute over comparative wealth that was resolved due to the presence of Finnbhennach in favor of Ailill, prompting the jealousy of Queen Maeve. Fergus mac Roich retired from the field to end the string of single combats that characterized this mythical event. FTP, identify this event that saw the forces of Connacht abduct Donn Cuailnge from Ulster despite the heroism of Cuchulainn, certainly the most famous incident of Bovine theft in Celtic myth.
Leoh Ming Pei
He founded his own architectural firm in 1955 with James Freed and Henry Cobb, a year after becoming a U.S. citizen. He was a member of the National Defense Research Committee from 1943 to 1945. While at Harvard, he studied under Walter Gropius, and during his early years, he designed many of his buildings in the style of Mies van der Rohe. One of his buildings was commissioned by François Mitterrand and includes an underground lobby. Some of his other projects include the Mile High (*) Center in Denver, the Dallas City Hall, the Four Seasons Hotel in New York, the Javits Convention Center in New York, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, and the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong. FTP, name this Chinese-American architect who designed the glass pyramids in front of the Louvre.
This religious movement established its first congregations after the Montreal Convention, and believes in the concept of "transvaluation" instead of divine revelation. Many of the English-language prayers of this movement were written by Eugene Kohn, and are collected in its main prayer book, Kol Haneshamah. Adherents of this movement do not view halakhah as binding, and do not consider themselves the "chosen people," beliefs advanced in its main founder's book Judaism as a Civilization. Cofounded by Ira Eisenstein and Mordecai Kaplan, this denomination believes that Judaism is an "evolving religious community" whose doctrines must be continually reinterpreted to adapt to historic circumstances. Originally an offshoot of the Conservative movement, FTP, name this fastest-growing denomination of Judaism, which is much less popular than reform.
The Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant is situated on this river, and other towns on this river include Lewisport and Wheeling. The McAlpine Locks and Dam can be found on this river, and the Green River and the Cumberland River both feed into it. The Great and Little Miami Rivers also empty into this river, and The Forks historically possessed great strategic value. Kanawha River is a major tributary, while its only rapids is located at Louisville, Kentucky. It is formed by the confluence of two other rivers at Point State Park. For 10 points, name this largest tributary by volume to the Mississippi, which forms from the Allegheny and Monongohela in Pittsburgh.
Large Hadron Collider
A proposed upgrade to it hopes to increase luminosity, known as the "super" version of it. One part of it is partially known as "beauty" and uses the VELO to carry out B tagging. Another part of it uses what are known as electromagnetic calorimeters and contains a large central magnetic solenoid. Specialized experiments, like ATLAS and Totem, are contained in a total of 6 detectors seen in this device. FTP, an attempt to discover the Higgs boson is the main purpose of this CERN particle accelerator, located partly in Switzerland and France that was the subject of end-of-the-world theories in late 2008.
The findings of this person resolved the Shapley-Curtis debate, and he discovered the asteroid now known as 1373 Cincinnati. This person's name is associated with NGC 2261, a variable nebula he observed when he became the first person to look through the Hale Telescope. His tuning-fork diagram separates spiral from barred spiral galaxies, and he showed that Andromeda was not a nebula, but a separate galaxy outside the Milky Way. An approximate age of the universe is given by the inverse of this man's namesake constant, which also appears in his law stating that the velocity of objects receding from the Earth is proportional to their distance; a fact he established by observing the red- shift of galaxies. Famous for proving that the universe is expanding, name this man whose model of the cosmos con- tinues to be supported by the observations of the space telescope named for him.
This man was offered the crown of his country under the Humble Petition and Advice. This man led the Siege of Drogheda (DROY-eh-duh). John Lambert drafted the Instrument of Government, which gave this man considerable power. This ruler led the Parliamentarian cavalry at the Battle of Marston Moor, and he was supported by the Thomas Fairfax-led New Model Army. This man was briefly succeeded by his son Richard before the 1660 Restoration. For 10 points, name this man who replaced Charles I as leader of England by becoming the first Lord Protector of England.
These peoples worshipped a sun goddess named Wurusemu, as well as a goddess of healing and medicine named Kamrusepa. The religious practice of these peoples involved sacred stele called huwasi stones. One figure from this mythology slays Illuyanka the serpent. These peoples' mythology includes the fertility goddess Arinna and the Gulsa Goddesses, who assist this culture's mother goddess, Hannahannas. An epic from this culture tells how one god bites off his father's testicles and spits them out, known as the Song of Kumbari, while the most famous story from this culture tells how Tarhunt the thunder god and others worked to bring back Telepinu, a foliage god who had gone into hiding. These peoples were heavily influenced by their neighbors, the Hurrians. For ten points, name this Anatolian culture whose language confirmed the theories of Ferdinand de Saussure about laryngeal consonants in Proto-Indo-European.
The titular character of this work learns of a fortune from her uncle John who went to America through a cousin that wants to marry her because she would make a good missionary wife. John Reed throws a book at the title character in this work, leading to her being punished by being sent to "the red room", where her uncle died. The title character is then sent to a school run by Mr. Brocklehurst, and later we see her lover lose his vision in a fire started by his former wife, Bertha Mason. Name this love story where the titular governess falls in love with her employer, Edmund Rochester, by Charlotte Brontë.
Ra or Re
Isis once poisoned this god in order to blackmail him into divulging his true name. Another story says that Thoth had to make 1,077 pleas in order to convince the goddess representing his eye to return home. Mehen and Set helped defend this god when he traveled on the barque ("BARK") Mandjet, during which time he was attacked by the (*) serpent Apep. He sent Hathor to Earth in the form of Sekhmet to punish man, and he was often syncretized with Amun. For 10 points, identify this Egyptian god of the sun.
Hyundai Motor Company
An episiode of Top Gear clocked one of this company's flagship models as taking nineteen seconds to go from zero to sixty. In 2008, this company began phasing out its supermini model, which is not sold in the United States; both the i20 and a new electric version will replace the engine-driven Getz. This firm entered the international market with the Pony following a technology-sharing agreement with Ford that enabled it to develop assembly lines for the Cortina. Its first American car was the highest-selling debut import in history, the Excel, which was rebadged as the Mitsubishi Precis. This manufacturer of the Santa Fe SUV purchased Kia in 1998, giving it an eighty percent share of the South Korean market. For 10 points, name this automaker whose models include the Accent, Elantra, and Sonata.
Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 4 in G Major
In this piece's first movement, the descending fourth figure which concludes the opening phrase is answered by a contrasting B major segment played by only the strings, and its final movement, a vivace rondo, unusually opens in the subdominant, C major. This piece's second movement is often programmatically interpreted as a struggle between Orpheus and the shades of Hades. This work's dolce opening phrase, which is historically notable for being played by the piano alone, begins with a chord in the home key of G major. For 10 points, name this penultimate piano concerto by Ludwig van Beethoven which preceded the one nicknamed the "Emperor".
Sophy Ellis tells Mrs. Ashcroft about a spirit named Token that can transfer Harry Mockler's leg wound to her in this author's story "The Wish House." Georgie and Miriam find that they share a common fantasy life in his "The Brushwood Boy." The first four stanzas of one of his poems each end "Lest we forget, lest we forget," and he described a group that will "want their beer today" after supervising the execution of a murderer from the regiment in another poem. An experience aboard Disko Troop's fishing vessel, the We're Here, turns Harvey Cheyne into a man in his novel Captains Courageous. This author of the poems "Recessional" and "Danny Deever" also described a teenager's apprenticeship to a Tibetan lama and Dravot and Carnahan's adventure in Kaffiristan in Kim and The Man Who Would Be King. For 10 points, name this author of "If" and a poem about "new-caught, sullen peoples, half-devil and half-child," "The White Man's Burden."
Due in part to the influence of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, this word completes the sentence in the English translation of The Declaration of the Rights of Man: "The law is the expression of the general [this]." In Michel Foucault's The His- tory of Sexuality, the first chapter is titled "The [this] to knowledge", while a lecture by William James was titled "The [this] to Believe", and this word was paired with Time in the title of Henri Bergson's doctoral thesis. In the title of the best-known work by Arthur Schopenhauer, this term is, depending on the translation, paired with either Idea or Rep- resentation. This word often appears after the word "free", and with a different definition it refers to a document that can have its validity determined by a probate. Give this four-letter word associated with freedom of choice.
In one novel by this author, a historian hired to write General Llorente's memoirs seduces his employer's niece, only for her to turn into the old widow Consuelo. In another novel by this author, Ixca Cienfuegos searches for human sacrifices to appease his mother Teodula Moctezuma. One of this author's title characters is comforted by Padilla playing tapes of his former transactions. That character appears in a novel in which he marries Catalina after his true love Regina is killed by Pancho Villa, and becomes a tycoon after the Mexican Revolution. For 10 points, name this Mexican author of Aura, Where the Air is Clear, and The Death of Artemio Cruz.
James Fenimore Cooper
This author wrote a novel set at Otsego Lake in which the title character rescues the hapless scalpers Hurry Harry and Tom Hutter. One of this author's title characters is the disguised John Paul Jones. Duncan Heyward is dressed as a clown in another work by this author, in which Cora Munro is stabbed in the chest. Magua kills Uncas, the son of Chingachgook, before plummeting to his death after being shot by Natty Bumppo in this author's The Last of the Mohicans. For 10 points, name this early American novelist who wrote the Leatherstocking Tales.
Matteo Ricci was one of many missionaries who invented writing systems for this language. Another system's "tone numbers" are still retained, even when using the spelling of a more modern system that represents this language's "ch" ("CH") sound as the letter "q" and "sh" ("SSH") sound as the letter "x."For 10 points, identify this language that is "romanized" into English letters by the Wade-Giles or Pinyin systems.
One byproduct of this type of reaction can be trapped in a "blanket" structure; that particular reaction of this type is known as the "D-T" reaction. The word denoting this type of reaction is sometimes also used as a synonym for "melting." It requires high-temperature plasmas, though Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann erroneously claimed to have invented a (*) "cold" version of this reaction. For 10 points, name this type of reaction in which the nuclei of light atoms are joined together, a reaction whose opposite is fission.
These phenomena are believed to be responsible for the predicted polarization anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background. One possible path to detection of these phenomena is the observation of growing perturbations of spinning neutron stars, an effect known as the Chandrasekhar-Friedman-Schutz instability. The amplitude of these tensor phenomena is given by the second time derivative of the quadrupole source term in the post-Newtonian method of analyzing them. Evidence for these phenomena includes the orbital shrinking of binary systems such as the Hulse-Taylor pulsar, and these objects are being sought by both the Large Interferometric Space Antenna and the LIGO project. For 10 points, identify these tensor perturbations predicted by general relativity which represent emissions of energy from massive systems.
Frank Lloyd Wright
He used an innovative technique known as textile-block slab construction for the Millard House in Pasadena. He promoted the use of the term Usonian to describe a style of architecture exemplified by the Rosenbaum house. In addition to the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, this man is known for buildings done in the Prairie Style, such as the Robie House in Chicago. He designed a house for Edgar Kaufmann in Pennsylvania, and dubbed his own studio Taliesin. For 10 points, name this American architect of the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, in addition to Fallingwater.
This king let Anselm return from exile to be Archbishop of Canterbury, issued the Charter of Liberties, and seized the Royal Treasury at Winchester while his brother, whom he later imprisoned in Cardiff Castle after the Battle of Tinchebray, was on a crusade. The son of this "Lion of Justice" died in the White Ship disaster, which left only his daughter Matilda in line for the throne and allowed Stephen of Blois to usurp her power. FTP, identify this lamprey-crazed English monarch, the son of William the Conqueror who succeeded his brother, William II.
Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
This man fought the Quadi, and divided society into the honestiores and humiliores. Lucius Verus served as his co-emperor, and he fought the Marcomanni. This man's son was overthrown by Pertinax, and this emperor's rule followed that of Antonius Pius. The father of Commodus, this emperor followed a movement founded by Zeno of Citium. For 10 points, name this last of the Five Good Emperors, who wrote about his Stoic philosophy in the Meditations.
Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
In polar coordinates, one of these statements says that r equals p over quantity one plus epsilon cosine theta, where p is the semilatus rectum and epsilon is the eccentricity. Another states that the time derivative of the areal velocity is zero, or that equal areas are swept out in equal times. The third says that the square of the period is directly proportional to the cube of the semimajor axis. For 10 points, name these laws of planetary motion named after a German astronomer and student of Tycho Brahe.
The Socialist Party of the United States of America
A nun and professor of mathematics named Diane Drufenbrock served as a vice presidential candidate for a party of this name. In another election, their vice presidential candidate Bill Edwards died during the campaign and was replaced by author Barbara Garson. The original party of this name splintered largely thanks to the divisive influence of Max Shachtman, and its last presidential candidate was Darlington Hoopes. A major figure in this party's history is Frank Zeidler, who ran for president for the reformed party in 1976 after serving as mayor of Milwaukee, but it is better known for the escapades of the author of Is Conscience a Crime?, who ran for the presidency six times. For 10 points, name this political party which frequently nominated Norman Thomas for president.
Though the first of these conflicts ended bloodlessly due to a settlement engineered by Niklaus Manuel, the second one soon erupted after a dispute over a 2500-crown reparation payment led to a blockade. In the period between these two conflicts, an invasion by Giangiacomo Medici was turned back by the same man who defended Valais in the second of these wars, Hans Franz Nägeli. The second one included the battles of Saint Gall and Schaffhausen, where the forces of Jörg Göldli were defeated. The first of these conflicts ended with an agreement by the Christian Union to cease allying with Austria, and the second erupted during a dispute over forced conversions in Thurgau. Named for a monastery that straddled the Zug and Zürich, these conflicts erupted in 1529 and 1531. For 10 points, name these wars between Catholic and Protestant cantons, in which Huldrych Zwingli was killed.
One model for the long distance transport of these substances sees uptake by passive diffusion in a protonated form and export actively in a dissociated anion form by PIN proteins, in the polar transport model. These substances is generally thought be derived through some combination of transamination and oxidative decarboxylation from tryptophan. Experiments with coleoptiles showed that these substances decreased the pH of the growth substrate, which along with the uptake of water is thought to cause one of their major functions. High concentrations of these substances can cause bent tissue, as well as the formation of adventitious roots. They also inhibit growth in lateral buds to reduce competition with the apical meristem and are involved in gravitropism and phototropism. These hormones are most famous for causing cell elongation. For 10 points, name these plant hormones that include IAA.
Path finding problems containing differential constraints and obstacles can be solved efficiently with the rapidly-exploring random type of these data structures. Two-dimensional problems can be solved with the polygonal map or point region flavors of a certain type of these objects, while Arne Andersson lends his initials to a type of these that are similar to the 2-3 ["two three"] type. Another type of these can perform insert and delete operations in big O of n log n time by enforcing rules on the color of nodes. A popular form of these was invented by Rudolf Bayer and is often used for implementing databases; this is the B variety. Self-balancing forms of a particular type of these data structures are exemplified in the AVL and red-black types. For 10 points, name this data structure which also comes in a binary search type.
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