28 terms

Government 1

Chapter 1 & 2 American Government
articles of confederation
plan of government adopted by the Continental Congressafter the American Revolution
a form of government in which a single person holds unlimited political power
an adjustment of opposing principles or systems by modifying some aspect of each
confederate government
an alliance of independent states with a centralized government that has only the power the states assigned to it
a joining of several people for a common purpose
the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
a form of government in which the supreme authority rests with the people
a form of government in which the leader has absolute power and authority
direct democracy
the will of the people is translated into public policy by the people, themselves, in mass meetings
division of powers
basic principle of federalism: the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis
executive power
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
federal government
a form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments
free enterprise system
an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
indirect (representative) democracy
a small group of people, chosen by the population, act as representatives, expressing the popular will
judicial power
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes within a society
law of supply and demand
a law which states when supplies of goods become plentiful, prices tend to drop. When supplies become scarcer prices tend to rise
legislative power
the power to make law and frame pubic policies
limited government
government that does not have absolute power over it's people
mixed economy
an economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion
a form of government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite
parliamentary government
a form of government in which the executive branch is made up of the prime minister, or premier, and that official's cabinet
popular sovereignty
basic principle of American government; asserts that the people are the source of any and all government power
presidential government
a form of government in which the executive and legislative branches of the government are separate, independent, and coequal
public policy
all of the many goals that a government pursues in all of the many areas of human affairs in which it is involved
having supreme power within its own territory; neither subordinate or responsible to any other territory
a body of people (population) living in a defined territory who have a government with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority (sovereignty)
unitary government
a centralized government in which all government powers belong to a single, centralized agency