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Around the year 1788, a Shoshone girl named Sacagawea, also known as Bird Woman, was born. We know her best as the Native American guide who accompanied Meriwether Lewis and William Clark on their expedition through the territory of the Louisiana Purchase, from 1803 to 1806. When she was just a young girl, Sacagawea's tribe was attacked by an enemy tribe, the Hidatsa, and she was captured. A French-Canadian trader named Toussaint Charbonneau lived with the Hidatsa. (1) Charbonneau was enthralled with the frontier and had learned to communicate with Native American groups, using a type of sign language. Eventually he married Sacagawea. In 1803, the Lewis and Clark Expedition left from St. Louis, Missouri, to begin an 8,000 -mile journey, during which the explorers would gather information about the huge territory of the Louisiana Purchase. (2) Their vigilant observations and careful recordings of the geography and wildlife helped open the area for settlement. (3) The planning of the expedition, however, showed some disregard for the realities of the journey. Because the explorers could not communicate with the Native Americans they encountered, it was difficult to maintain peaceful relationships. A particularly difficult conflict between the explorers and a group of Sioux, in South Dakota, convinced Lewis and Clark that they needed an interpreter. (4) They became preoccupied with finding one.
Lewis and Clark met Charbonneau, who offered to translate for them. He and Sacagawea joined the expedition. With them came Sacagawea's baby, Jean Baptiste, to whom she'd given birth eight months before. For two years, the boy was carried on his mother's back. Sacagawea proved her value to the expedition on many occassions. One day, their boat overturned in a sudden storm. (5) The men aboard desperately worked to right the boat, oblivious to the books and instruments that were floating away. (6) Sacagawea, with the baby on her back, and seemingly heedless of danger, calmly salvaged the equipment.
Sacagawea's knowledge of the region helped guide the expedition. (7) Raised to appreciate the value of nature, she paid rapt attention to sounds and sights, enabling her not only to locate food but to warn the others of possible danger. (8) She scrutinized plants and animals, helping the explorers to describe the wildlife. Her presence also helped the explorers make friends. (9) When Native Americans saw Sacagawea carrying her baby, they took it as a tacit sign that the explorers came in peace. Not surprisingly, Sacagawea actually did much of the translating her husband had been hired to do. During the trip, Sacagawea was able to visit her original Shoshone family, when she was briefly reunited with her brother. At the end of Sacagawea's journey, Clark offered to raise and educate her son. (10) At first, she wasn't receptive to this offer, but she eventually agreed. We know that Jean Baptiste grew into an accomplished and successful man. It is not clear, however, what happened to the valiant woman who added so much to Lewis and Clark's expedition. The United States honored her at long last, in the year 2000, by minting the Sacagawea gold dollar.
Each sentence below refers to a numbered sentence in the passage. Write the letter of the choice that gives the sentence a meaning that is closest to the original sentence.
Sacagawea, seemingly danger, calmly salvaged the equipment.
a. overcome by
b. thoughtless of
c. focused on
d. frightened by