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Multiple Choice

Britain and France declared war because of what German action?

the invasion of Poland

This was one main weakness in the American and world economy in the 1920s.


This is one way the Great Depression affected the world economy.

American banks demanded prepayment of foreign loans.

What did Fascists pursue?

What did Fascists pursue?

What was a problem in postwar Italy?

economic hard times

The youth in Italy and Germany under a fascist government were taught what?

strict military discipline

Who took men's places in factories and offices as they went off to war?


What did Hitler promise to do for Germany?

end reparations

How did the Allies end the war with Japan?

by dropping an atomic bomb

What position did the United States take as conflict took over Europe?

The US remained neutral

What is a good definition for fascism?

It glorified blind loyalty to the state.

One of Hitler's main goals was

persecution and elimination of the Jews

In West Germany democratic elections were allowed. What happened in East Germany?

It fell to communism

The main countries who were rivals in the cold war were

The United States and the Soviet Union

What brought the United States into the war

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

Why did Truman decide to drop the atomic bomb on Japan

An invasion of Japan would result in an enormous loss of life.

What does the term holocaust refer to?

a massacre of more than six million Jews

The tension between nations without armed conflict was known as

the cold war

The Treaty of Versailles after World War I helped lay the foundation of ___________ because of the harsh conditions it imposed

the rise of fascism in Germany

The rise of dictators in Europe before World War II was partly a result of

a worldwide depression

The rise of totalitarian governments in Germany, Italy, and Spain in the 1920's and 1930's, was largely due to

severe economic and social problems that arose in Europe after World War I.

Fascism is a system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism. Fascism in Europe during the 1920's and 1930's is best described as

a form of totalitarianism that glorified the state above the individual

Just before and during World War II, the governments needed many raw materials. Consumers say the availability of products decline. This led to


After WWI, Germany was made to accept full responsibillity for beginning the war. lost large amounts of land and had to pay reparations. This humiliation led to a rise in Nazi programs. Why did the Nazi programs and policies in the early 1930's appeal to so many people in Germany?

the people were frustrated with their current economic and political situation

Totalitarian governments use terror and violence in an attempt to control all aspects of the lives of the citizens. During the mid-1930's, what characteristic was common to Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany,m and Communist Russia?

one-party system that denied basic human rights

Fascist governments of Benito Mussolini and Adolph Hitler came into power in Italy and Germany. One reason these governments came into being was that

these countries faced economic and political difficulties

How did the Treaty of Versailles establish conditions that led to the outbreak of World War II?

It imposed harsh reparations payments on Germany, which led to economic and political instability

The fasciest regimes bombarded men, women and children with slogans and propaganda that glorified

the government and its leaders

Fascism and communism have one element in common. What is it?

dictators who imposed totalitarian governments

How would you describe the Holocaust that occurred during WWII?

The Germans pursued a policy of exterminating millions of European Jews and others.

The fascist agenda did not

promote individual rights

The women's "true profession" was considered to be ___________ under the fascist governments.


Why did fascism appeal to Italians?

It promised a strong, stable government.

A major goal of both the Fascists and the Nazi's was to educate youth. Why

Wanted a ready made military force

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