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34 terms

Chapter 17/18 Chrisis of Democracy in the West/World War II Aftermath

Multiple Choice
STUDY
PLAY
Britain and France declared war because of what German action?
the invasion of Poland
This was one main weakness in the American and world economy in the 1920s.
overproduction
This is one way the Great Depression affected the world economy.
American banks demanded prepayment of foreign loans.
What did Fascists pursue?
What did Fascists pursue?
What was a problem in postwar Italy?
economic hard times
The youth in Italy and Germany under a fascist government were taught what?
strict military discipline
Who took men's places in factories and offices as they went off to war?
women
What did Hitler promise to do for Germany?
end reparations
How did the Allies end the war with Japan?
by dropping an atomic bomb
What position did the United States take as conflict took over Europe?
The US remained neutral
What is a good definition for fascism?
It glorified blind loyalty to the state.
One of Hitler's main goals was
persecution and elimination of the Jews
In West Germany democratic elections were allowed. What happened in East Germany?
It fell to communism
The main countries who were rivals in the cold war were
The United States and the Soviet Union
What brought the United States into the war
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Why did Truman decide to drop the atomic bomb on Japan
An invasion of Japan would result in an enormous loss of life.
What does the term holocaust refer to?
a massacre of more than six million Jews
The tension between nations without armed conflict was known as
the cold war
The Treaty of Versailles after World War I helped lay the foundation of ___________ because of the harsh conditions it imposed
the rise of fascism in Germany
The rise of dictators in Europe before World War II was partly a result of
a worldwide depression
The rise of totalitarian governments in Germany, Italy, and Spain in the 1920's and 1930's, was largely due to
severe economic and social problems that arose in Europe after World War I.
Fascism is a system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism. Fascism in Europe during the 1920's and 1930's is best described as
a form of totalitarianism that glorified the state above the individual
Just before and during World War II, the governments needed many raw materials. Consumers say the availability of products decline. This led to
rationing
After WWI, Germany was made to accept full responsibillity for beginning the war. lost large amounts of land and had to pay reparations. This humiliation led to a rise in Nazi programs. Why did the Nazi programs and policies in the early 1930's appeal to so many people in Germany?
the people were frustrated with their current economic and political situation
Totalitarian governments use terror and violence in an attempt to control all aspects of the lives of the citizens. During the mid-1930's, what characteristic was common to Fascist Italy, Nazi Germany,m and Communist Russia?
one-party system that denied basic human rights
Fascist governments of Benito Mussolini and Adolph Hitler came into power in Italy and Germany. One reason these governments came into being was that
these countries faced economic and political difficulties
How did the Treaty of Versailles establish conditions that led to the outbreak of World War II?
It imposed harsh reparations payments on Germany, which led to economic and political instability
The fasciest regimes bombarded men, women and children with slogans and propaganda that glorified
the government and its leaders
Fascism and communism have one element in common. What is it?
dictators who imposed totalitarian governments
How would you describe the Holocaust that occurred during WWII?
The Germans pursued a policy of exterminating millions of European Jews and others.
The fascist agenda did not
promote individual rights
The women's "true profession" was considered to be ___________ under the fascist governments.
motherhood
Why did fascism appeal to Italians?
It promised a strong, stable government.
A major goal of both the Fascists and the Nazi's was to educate youth. Why
Wanted a ready made military force