5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- La Venta
- a The Maya built a ceremonial center at this site
- b Courtyards were built for games involving these objects; it is probable that either the winners or losers of games played with these became human sacrifices; trees needed to produce this were common to Mesoamerica
- c After the collapse of San Lorenzo; this site became the center of the Olmec civilization until it, and the civilization, collapsed around 400 B.C.
- d The development of this technology allowed better timing of planting and had important religious significance; the Maya computed this through 2012 A.D.
- e A city-state in the Valley of Mexico
5 Multiple choice questions
- "The material used to make balls; the Olmec were given their name from the word for ""Dwellers in the land of"" this material"
- Their culture began on the northern coast of Peru around 1 A.D.; they had no written language but did build cities and irrigation canals; like the Mesopotamians they built mud-brick buildings; they built pyramids to bury their kings like the Egyptians; their pyramids include the 525' tall Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon; they had advanced crafts and metalworking; they practiced human sacrifice
- Too much of this in the population and not enough in the soil led to the decline of the Mayans
- "Known as the ""Sun Shield,"" this king ruled the city-state of Palenque for 68 years and built a palace, pyramid, and temple; he died in 683 A.D."
- The Maya worshipped this predator
5 True/False questions
Chichen Itza → Built by the Mayans, it survived the collapse of their civilization probably because of its ties with the Toltecs; it's temple was aligned with the sun at the equinoxes
Paracas → "Known as the ""Sun Shield,"" this king ruled the city-state of Palenque for 68 years and built a palace, pyramid, and temple; he died in 683 A.D."
Nazca → This Central American culture began around 1 A.D.; their classical period lasted from 300 to 900 A.D.; they developed astronomy, a calendar, and hieroglyphic writing; they built step-pyramids and terraced cities laid out in neat grids; they practiced human sacrifice
glyph → A letter in a hieroglyphic alphabet
Smoke Shell → He built the Copán Acropolis, one of the last major accomplishments of the Mayans; he married a princess from Palenque