detailed knowledge about a culture that enables a person to function effectiviely within it.
what a culture considers "good taste" in the arts (including music, painting, dance, drama, and architecture), the imagery evoked by certain expressions, and symbolism of certain colors.
positive or negative evaluations, feelings, and tendencies that individuals harbor toward objects or concepts.
anything that represents a culture's way of life, including gestures, material objects, traditions, and concepts.
the replacement of one's culture's traditions, folk heroes, and artifacts with substitutes from another.
when habits or ways of behaving in specific circumstances are passed down through generations.
behavior, often dating back several generations, that is practiced by a homogeneous group of people.
a culture's fundamental organization, including its group and institutions, its system and social positions and their relationships, and the process by which its resources are distributed.
a system of social stratification in which people are born into a social ranking, or caste, with no opportunity for social mobility.
a system of social stratification in which personal ability and actions determine social status and mobility.
system to convey thoughts, feelings, knowledge, and information though speech, writing, and actions.
a third or "link" language understood by two parties who speak different native languages.
communicates though unspoken cues, including hand gestures, facial expressions, physical greetings, eye contact, and the manipulation of personal space.
the departure of highly educated people from one profession, geographic region, or nation to another.