Upgrade to remove ads
NES Subtest I: United States History
Terms in this set (52)
Starting in the 1400s, European powers began to look to expand their influence outward. During this period, European explorers learned about the existence of the North and South American continents and began to colonize these areas, which were collectively called the New World.
Main motivations for exploration of the New World were
Glory: The desire for personal status and to bring prestige to home country.
God: Convert native populations to Christianity.
Gold: Get riches for themselves and natural resources, new trade routes, and trading partners for the home country.
Great Britain, explored the east coast of Canada.
Italy, sailed for Spain; "Discovered" North America while looking for a western route to India.
Italy, the first to realize the Americas were separate continents from Asia; America is named after him.
Vasco de Balboa
Spain, first to reach the Pacific by crossing Central America.
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spain, first to explore Florida while searching for the Fountain of Youth.
Spain, first to circumnavigate the globe by sailing around the southern tip of South America.
Spain, conquered Mexico from the Aztecs.
Spain, conquered the Incan Empire.
France, explored Canada and claimed it for France.
Fernando de Soto
Spain, discovered the Mississippi River.
Spain, explored the American southwest.
Great Britain, established English colonies in North America.
Great Britain, explored northeastern North America and the Arctic.
Great Britain, explored the pacific; discovered Hawaii.
The Thirteen Colonies
The British established 13 colonies along the east coast of what is now the United States. Within the Thirteen Colonies, there were three main regions- New England, Middle Atlantic, and the Southern Colonies. After the American Revolution, these colonies would become the first thirteen states. They served as the foundation for a nation that would eventually grow to include fifty states across a vast expanse of territory.
New England Colonies
- Colonies: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
- Characteristic: Rocky soil was poor for farming, relied on fishing and shipping industries, and most people lived in or near towns.
- Major city: Boston
Middle Atlantic Colonies
- Colonies: New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware.
- Characteristic: Good conditions for farming, the "breadbasket" of colonies, and fur trade.
- Major city: Philadelphia
- Colonies: Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
- Characteristic: Plantation farming (tobacco, indigo, rice, cotton), slavery, and more rural population.
- Major city: Richmond, Charleston
Cause of American Revolution
Late 1700s, British found themselves in need of money after the costly French and Indian War, so they began to impose many new taxes on the colonists. These included: Stamp Act (1765), Townshend Acts (1767), Tea Act (1773), and Intolerable Act (1774). The colonists did not have a representation in the British Parliament, which levied the taxes, so they didn't think it was fair that they should be taxed. After failed attempts at negotiation and compromise, tensions escalated and eventually erupted into war- the American Revolution.
Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775)
The beginning of American Revolution.
Battle of Bunker Hill
The battle after the battle of Lexington and Concord.
Declaration of Independence
It listed the reasons for the rebellion and stated that the United States was to be an independent country. It was signed on July 4, 1776.
Battle of Yorktown (1781)
Americans had the advantage of fighting on their own familiar territory and eventually secured aid from the French and won with a final victory at the Battle of _______________.
Treaty of Paris (1783)
This treaty ended the Revolutionary War, recognized the independence of the American colonies, and granted the colonies the territory from the southern border of Canada to the northern border of Florida, and from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River.
Articles of Confederation
First governing document of US - created a WEAK central government; issues with trade - different currencies in each state, tariffs on goods traded between states and it ultimately failed.
U.S. Constitution (1787)
The replacement of the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution set up a federal system with a three-branch national government. Revolutionary War hero George Washington was chosen as the first President of the United States.
The United States Expands
Originally, the Thirteen Colonies turned into the first thirteen states of the United State. The additional territory, which included lands between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River, was eventually settled. The territories each eventually applied for statehood and became Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Alabama, Mississippi, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
The Louisiana Purchase (1803)
The next major territorial expansion of the U.S. President Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana Territory from France. It doubled the size of the nation, adding what would eventually become Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana.
The major expansion fro mthe Louisiana Purchase gave birth to the idea that the U.S. should one day possess the lands all the way to the Pacific Ocean. The belief that this was the nation's God-given right.
The U.S. purchased it from Spain.
U.S. annexed it, which was at the time an independent republic.
Oregon Territory, 1846
U.S. acquired it after Texas.
Mexican Cession, 1848
It followed the Mexican-American War, resulted in the acquisition of the territories that would become California, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah.
Gadsden Purchase (1853, from Mexico)
It completed the territories of Arizona and New Mexico. Alaska was purchased form Russia in 1867 and Hawaii was annexed inn 1898.
Civil War (1861-1865)
The young nation soon became divided over the issue of slavery. Staes in the South permitted slavery while those in the North did not. The interests of the two regions were relatively balanced in Congress until new states started to be added in the western territories. Pro- and anti-slavery supporters each feared losing power in Congress and fought for the new states to join their side.
Eventually, the conflict escalated and the South seceded (left) the Union, forming the Confederate State of America. The U.S, led by President Abraham Lincoln, did not accept the secession and fought the __________ in order to preserve the unity of the nation. In the end, the North won, the nation was reunited, and slavery was abolished with the passage of the 13th Amendment.
Slavery was abolished with the passage of the ______________.
The period following the Civil War. During this period, the government worked to rebuild the South, which had been devastated by the war. Methods used during ______________ were controversial and led to continued resentment by many southerners. Following ______________, African Americans, now free from slavery, found themselves subject to legal discrimination in the South, including segregation and voting restriction. Many migrated to cities in the North.
Mid-1800s, the rapid advancements were made in technology that allowed for production to change over from cottage industries to factory systems. This allowed for mass-production of goods.
- Economic growth
- New jobs from the factories, leading to large influx of immigrants
- drew people into the cities, leading to widespread urbanization
- led to the homogenizations of culture as people across the nation were able to access and afford the dame goods.
The Progressive Movement of the early 20th century
Led by President Teddy Roosevelt, sought to put in place regulations to help solve some of the problems from industrialization, including anti-monopoly laws, new economic rules and environmental regulations.
World War I
- Initially neutrality
- Became involved in 1917 due to the Germans' use of unrestricted submarine warfare, the sinking of the Lusitania, and Zimmerman Telegram.
- Joined Britain, French, and Italy and helped lead to victory
- The war ended with the Treaty of Versailles
The interwar period
- Isolation policy
- Declined to join the newly formed League of Nations.
The period of economic prosperity for the U.S.
Great Depression (1929)
A massive stock market crush. It ended with WWII jumpstarted the economy by providing industrial jobs and demanding a high output of military goods.
New Deal programs
President Franklin D. Roosevelt alleviated some of the suffering in the Great Depression with his ________ programs, which gave the government a more active role in the economy.
World War II (1939-45)
- Neutral at first
- It was pulled into the conflict and the immediate cause of the U.S. entry was the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941).
- Fought against the Germans, Italians, and Japanese.
- Brough the war to a swift end with the dropping of the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
WWII was concluded with theTreaty of Paris. ________________ was established as an international peacekeeping organization to replace the League of Nations. The U.S. joined as a prominent member.
The cold war
- Two superpowers: United States and Soviet Union
- Capitalism vs. Communism
- Intensified by the fact that both sides had nuclear weapons.
- It ended in 1991 when the USSR dissolved due to internal problems.
U.S. and USSR fought indirectly by each backing a foreign civil war.
Korean War (1950-53)
- N.Korea (USSR) vs. S.Korea (U.S)
- It ended in a ceasefire with no changes in boundaries.
Vietnam War (1956-75)
- N.Vietnam( along with communists in the S.Vietnam called the Viet Cong), aided by the USSR, attempt to take over S.Vietnam.
- US withdrew form the long and unpopular war and the North won
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
NES Subtest I, Social Studies: Government and Econ…
NES Subtest I: World History & Pattern of Human Po…
NES Subtest 1
NES Subtest 1 Grammar
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Praxis (United States History)
Chapter 1 pop culture
history test 1
SSUSH6 AND SSUSH7
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
NES Subtest I: Reading and Language Art
NES Test Subtest I (chapter 4)
NES Subtest I (Chapter 1)
NES Subtest I: Geographic Concepts and T…