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22 terms

AP Comparative - Mexico

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PRI
The national government of Mexico coalesced into one single governing party; Party of the Institutionalized Revolution; dominant political party in Mexico; incorporated labor, peasant, military, and middle-class sectors; controlled other political organizations in Mexico.
PRD
Partido de la Revolucion Democratica/ Party of the Democratic Revolution. The center-left party that emerged after the 1988 elections from splits within the PRI.
PAN
The party's political platform is generally considered Centre-Right in the Mexican political spectrum. Since 2000, the President of Mexico has been a member of this party; both houses have party pluralities, but the party does not have a majority in either house of the Congress.
Multiparty System
A system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain control of government separately or in coalition.
Federal System
a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments
Sexenio
the six-year term that a Mexican president serves in office
Single Member Districts
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office
Proportional Representation
An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.
Chamber of Deputies
The lower house of Mexico's legislature
CFE
Former (and corrupt) Mexican electoral commission
Camarillas
Political cliques that serve as networks of personal loyalty at the country's most elite levels.
Caudillos
independent leaders who dominated local areas by force in defiance of national policies; sometimes seized national governments to impose their concept of rule; typical throughout newly independent countries of latin america.
Chiapas Rebellion
1994 Zapatista uprising, in the southern most state of Mexico, in response to the signing of NAFTA, intended to remind people of appalling conditions that still exist in Mexico
Corporatism
a political system in which interest groups become an institutionalized part of the state or dominant political party
PEMEX
Mexican Petroleum; a government agency that runs the oil industry in Mexico
NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a pact that unites Canada, Mexico, and the United States in one of the world's largest free-trade zones.
WTO
The initials of the international body established in 1995 to foster and bring order to international trade.
Pendulum Theory
the idea that a developing nation goes through different political and ideological periods, swinging back and forth according to the ideas of the nation's leader at a certain time.
Porfiriato
the long period of rule by Mexico's Porfirio Diaz, 1876-1911, often cited as a prime example of neocolonialism in Latin America. Diaz imposed strict political control, encouraged European and US investment, and gave special influence to a group of positivist thinkers called Cientificos.
Mestizo
a person of mixed racial ancestry (especially mixed European and Native American ancestry)
Vicenete Fox
recent president of mexico who was also president of coca cola
Import Substitution
a government policy that uses trade restrictions and subsidies to encourage domestic production of manufactured goods