BYU Government Final
Terms in this set (96)
true or false: Roman government during the second half of Roman history was very democratic.
A republic is closely related to a(n). .
The political-economic system in which the major industries and services are government-owned, but in which democratic government and small, privately owned businesses are typical is called. .
A government run by a few who exercise total control is called a(n). .
A bureaucracy is most closely associated with. .
the executive branch of government
The form of government used in France today is. .
a unitary government
King Hammurabi established. .
a strict set of laws and punishments
A nation's government is sometimes called. .
Which of the following has a weak central government?
The economic idea that government should not interfere with business is called. .
Which of the following was true of the government established by the Articles of Confederation?
A legislative body was created.
Which of the following was not a factor that led to war between Britain and the American colonies?
true or false: The Articles of Confederation provided the means to resolve conflicts between states.
The following description outlines which type or types of colonial government? The king appointed the governor; the governor appointed council members from the upper class; the assembly was elected by popular vote.
a royal colony
The following description outlines which type of colonial government? The colony owner appointed the governor and council members; the assembly was elected by popular vote.
a proprietary colony
A radical group of young colonists who actively protested against British controls were called
the Sons of Liberty
true of false: The Albany Plan was successful in uniting the colonies against Indian attack.
The agreement that the national legislature of the United States would have two houses, with representation in one based on population and equal representation per state in the other, was called the
Connecticut or Great Compromise
The British action which placed a tax on colonial printed material such as licenses, newspapers, legal documents, and playing cards was called the
Stamp Act of 1765
The Virginia Plan favored
The executive branch may check the power of the judicial branch by
Which of the functions below falls under government's responsibility to "insure domestic tranquility"?
protect the public from civil disturbances
true or false: The Bill of Rights is sometimes referred to as the "unwritten constitution."
The "implied powers" of the Constitution are derived mainly from the
true or false: Before the Constitution the states acted as though they were independent nations.
The legislative branch may check the power of the judicial branch by
The Constitution may be amended by all of the following methods except
a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress, followed by a two-thirds vote by the Supreme Court, and then being signed by the President
The major function of the judicial branch is to
The system by which one branch of government limits the power or influence of another branch is called
checks and balances
The sentence which opens the Constitution and lists the purposes of government is called
true or false: Private property may be purchased by the government over the objections of property owners if it is needed for the public good
A naturalized citizen may not
become president of the United States
The doctrine of "clear and present danger" allows government to
suspend or restrict the civil rights of citizens
Which of the following amendments is no longer applicable?
Which amendment forbids slavery or servitude in the United States?
American citizenship may be lost by
being convicted of treason
A document that prevents a person from being held in jail indefinitely without being charged is a(n)
writ of habeas corpus
A law allowing an individual to be found guilty of a crime without due process (disallowed by the Constitution) is called a(n)
bill of attainder
The right of eminent domain means that
the government may take private property in the interest of greater public good, but must justly compensate the owner
An individual whose political views are radical left is a
The period of time between the election of a new president and the swearing-in ceremonies during which the outgoing president is still in charge is called the
lame duck period
Today's Democratic Party favors
a strong federal governement
The political system most often used today to decide party candidates and policy is the
true or false: Small political parties can easily gain national representation.
A union of cooperating parties common to the political systems of other nations is called a
The first political parties in the United States were the ____ and ____.
federalists and antifederalists
Which of the following is the last step involved in the process of choosing a new president?
the presidential inauguration is held
American political parties are most active at the _____ level.
An individual who favors government involvement in solving social and economic problems is called a
An off-year election is an election year
when no presidential race is scheduled
true or false: The taxpayer checkoff helps equalize spending in presidential campaigns.
true or false: By law, voters must be notified of their polling locations.
In the United States today, states may restrict voting privileges by
setting residency requirements
true or false: Only property owners could vote in early America.
Which of the following is an illegal campaign contribution?
During an election year a private citizen gives a candidate for Congress $3,000.
Which of the following groups is most likely to vote for the Democratic Party?
Voter turnout in the United States, when compared to that of most democracies, is
Which of the following elections is most likely to be restricted to voters who have registered as members of a political party?
a primary election
The process of voter approval or rejection of completed legislation is called a(n)
true or false: Polling companies are more accurate today than in the past.
Freedom of speech and assembly, political system response, and the size of government have
encouraged the growth of pressure groups
Politicians often welcome the support of pressure groups because they
give help and money to election campaigns, help keep members of Congress informed about the wishes of voters, and help members of Congress draft new legislation
Which of the following influences public opinion?
social, geographic, and religious factors
true or false: Public opinion is measured scientifically by straw polls.
true or false: Most states allow lobbyists to take legislators out to dinner and provide limited free services.
Which of the following is needed to approve or reject amendments to a state's constitution?
Which of the following is the last step in the initiative process?
The permanent committees of Congress are called
true or false: Lawmakers experience voting pressure from many sources.
true or false: Representatives must be at least twenty-five years old.
true or false: The House Rules Committee is a very powerful congressional committee.
The power to impeach resides with the
The increased influence and power of Congress over time can be traced to which two expressed powers?
regulating interstate commerce and taxing
true or false: Members of Congress may not be sued for what they say in the halls of Congress.
The process of creating strangely shaped districts to favor the party in power is called
Bills which are set aside in committee and never considered again are said to be
true or false: The Senate produces and considers more bills than does the House.
true or false: After a congressional committee has approved a bill, it is sent to the floor of Congress.
true or false: In the Senate all bills reported out of committee are assigned to a single calendar.
Which of the following would be the last possible action taken on a bill?
Congress overrides a presidential veto.
A bill can be formally introduced in the House or Senate by
members of congress
true or false: Bills are introduced in the Senate by placing them in the "hopper."
true or false: All congressional committees have the same number of staff members.
The tactic used in the Senate to stop or delay action on a bill by the use of unlimited debate is called a
The purpose of a congressional hearing is to
gather and examine information
In recent history, the national debt of the United States has
true or false: The OMB is the special conference committee which works out compromises between House and Senate appropriation bills.
true or false: The national debt of the United States is well over eight trillion dollars.
All appropriation bills must begin
in the house
Which of the following is a tax that the government cannot levy in the United States?
The largest and most important source of federal income is from
personal income taxes
true or false: The demands by American citizens for more government services has helped to slow the growth of the federal budget.
A tax charged to specific goods and services is called
an excise tax
Appropriation bills are first approved by
the House Appropriations Committee
true or false: The savings and loan failures in the late 1980's helped decrease the national budget deficit.
true or false: The House Rules Committee is a very powerful congressional committee.
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