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29 terms

AP Lit 5th hr. Poetry Terms Quiz Jan. 20th

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alliteration
repetition of initial sounds
assonance
repetition of internal vowel sounds
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
cadence
pause within a line of poetry that contributes to the rhythm of the line; marked as two vertical lines in analysis
conceit
elaborate or exaggerated metaphor; ingenious or witty thought
connotation
associations or implications that go beyond the literal meaning of a word
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines, usually with the same meter
end-stopped line
poetic line that has a pause at the end, usually marked by punctuation
enjambment
when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning; also called run-on line
epic
long, narrative poem, told in a formal elevated style with a serious subject
euphony
language that is smooth and musically pleasant to the ear, literally "good sound"
foot
metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured, usually consists of one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables
iambic
one unstressed, one stress (away)
trochaic
one stressed, one unstressed (lovely)
anapestic
two unstressed, one stressed (understand)
dactylic
one stressed, two unstressed (desperate)
iamb
one unstressed, one stressed syllable
measure
specified unit, such as a foot or a line
quatrain
four-line stanza
rhyme
repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, usually at the end of a line
feminine
a rhymed stressed syllable followed by one or more identical unstressed syllables (butter, clutter; gratitude, attitude; quivering, shivering)
internal
places at least one of the rhymed words within the line (dividing and gliding and sliding)
masculine
rhyming of single-syllable words (grade, shade); also in rhyming of words of more than one syllable when the same sound occurs in the final stressed syllable (defend, contend)
scansion
process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical patter of the line
sonnet
fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter
Italian/Petrarchan sonnet
divided into an octave, typically abbaabba, and a sestet (possibly cdedce, cdcdcd, cdccdc); usually octabe presents a situation and the sestet comments or resolves
English/Shakespearean sonnet
divided into three quatrains and a couplet, typically abab cdcd efef gg
trochee
metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by one unaccented (barter)
volta
turn in the argument or mood of a sonnet, 9th line in Italian, couplet in English