repetition of initial sounds
repetition of internal vowel sounds
unrhymed iambic pentameter
pause within a line of poetry that contributes to the rhythm of the line; marked as two vertical lines in analysis
elaborate or exaggerated metaphor; ingenious or witty thought
associations or implications that go beyond the literal meaning of a word
two consecutive rhyming lines, usually with the same meter
poetic line that has a pause at the end, usually marked by punctuation
when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning; also called run-on line
long, narrative poem, told in a formal elevated style with a serious subject
language that is smooth and musically pleasant to the ear, literally "good sound"
metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured, usually consists of one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables
one unstressed, one stress (away)
one stressed, one unstressed (lovely)
two unstressed, one stressed (understand)
one stressed, two unstressed (desperate)
one unstressed, one stressed syllable
specified unit, such as a foot or a line
repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, usually at the end of a line
a rhymed stressed syllable followed by one or more identical unstressed syllables (butter, clutter; gratitude, attitude; quivering, shivering)
places at least one of the rhymed words within the line (dividing and gliding and sliding)
rhyming of single-syllable words (grade, shade); also in rhyming of words of more than one syllable when the same sound occurs in the final stressed syllable (defend, contend)
process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical patter of the line
fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter
divided into an octave, typically abbaabba, and a sestet (possibly cdedce, cdcdcd, cdccdc); usually octabe presents a situation and the sestet comments or resolves
divided into three quatrains and a couplet, typically abab cdcd efef gg
metrical foot consisting of one accented syllable followed by one unaccented (barter)
turn in the argument or mood of a sonnet, 9th line in Italian, couplet in English
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