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pause within a line of poetry that contributes to the rhythm of the line; marked as two vertical lines in analysis
when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning; also called run-on line
metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured, usually consists of one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables
repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, usually at the end of a line
a rhymed stressed syllable followed by one or more identical unstressed syllables (butter, clutter; gratitude, attitude; quivering, shivering)
rhyming of single-syllable words (grade, shade); also in rhyming of words of more than one syllable when the same sound occurs in the final stressed syllable (defend, contend)
process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical patter of the line
fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter
divided into an octave, typically abbaabba, and a sestet (possibly cdedce, cdcdcd, cdccdc); usually octabe presents a situation and the sestet comments or resolves
divided into three quatrains and a couplet, typically abab cdcd efef gg
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