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59 terms

Neurological/Respiratory

use terms help to supplement studying for exam 3. Know cranial nerves. Know which lobe in the brain controls which specific function. I WILL TRY to have more information to assist you with for Exam 3.
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-ia
condition
an-
without, not
-algesia
sensitivity to pain
esthesi/o
feeling, sensation
-phasia
speech
ataxia
Inability to coordinate voluntary muscle action
Aneurysm
Localized dilatation in the wall of an artery that expands with pulsation of the artery
brady
Slow
cerebr/o
brain; cerebrum
hemi-
half
-plegia
paralysis
neur/o
nerves
para-
near, beside, beyond
Thrombosis
Abnormal condition in which a clot develops in a blood vessel
-phasia
speech
Agnosia
Inability to communicate; due a brain lesion
Decerebration
Extension posturing
Dysarthria
Difficult and defective speech due to a dysfunction of muscles used for speech
Central Nervous System
System of the brain and spinal cord
Chorea
Characterized by abnormal, involuntary, purposeless movements of all musculature fo the body
Homonymous hemianopia
Loss of vision in half of the visual field on the same side of both eyes
Peripheral nervous system
System of cranial nerves, spinal nerves, and the autonomic nervous system
Unilateral neglect
Failure to recognize or care for on side of the body
Vertigo
Dizziness
Glasgow Coma Scale
An objective tool for assessing consciousness in a client
Neurological assessment
LOC, affect, aphasia,cranial nerves, muscle strength, movement, gait, tactile, pain sensation
Romberg Test
Assess balance
Nuchal rigidity
Stiffness or inability to bend neck
hemi-
half
hemat/o
blood
Calcium channel blockers
Causes dilation of blood vessels
Stroke preventions
Annual blood pressure check, decrease sodium and fat intake, check cholesterol levels daily exercise, no smoking , no alcohol
Hemorrhagic stroke
Head of bed elevated to decrease perfusion
Thrombolic stroke
Head of bed kept flat to increase cerebral perfusion
Cerebrovascular medications
Antihypertensive agents, anticoagulants, thrombolytics, antiplatelets
Thrombolytic agents
Dissolves clots: activase, streptokinase, urokinase, tPA
Alzheimer's
a progressive disease characterized by neurofibrillary tangles and plaque in the brain, lack of acetylcholine
Parkinson's Disease
Chronic, progressive disease that affect the brain area that controls movement
Lobes of the brain
Frontal, parietal, occipital , temporal
Temporal Lobe
Lobe that controls memory, hearing and speech perception
Frontal Lobe
Production of speech, intelluctual, motor control on the same side(ipsilateral)i is which lobe:
Parietal Lobe
Primary somatic sensory area of this lobe
Occipital
Control of vision, visual perception is by this lobe
Sputum
Diagnostic test that confirms TB
2 -Liters
Approxiate amount of Oxygen that is given to individuals who suffers from COPD
Respiratory droplets/airborne: coughing, sneezing, talking,
Places an individual at risk for Tuberculosis (TB)
Signs and Symptoms of TB
Night sweats, low grade fever, fatigue, persistent cough, weight loss, hemoptysis, enlarge lymph nodes, hoarseness, dyspnea, coarse crackles, chronic productive cough
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
TB Is an infectious disease caused by this
Malnutritious, living in crowded areas, HIV/CA patients, drug abuser, elderly, healthcare workers,
At risk individuals for Tuberculosis
Reddness, induration at TB site of injection
Positive for TB
Isoniazid, Rifampin, Streptomycin
First line drugs commonly used and effective for the treatment of TB.
Severe complications of TB
Pericarditis, meningitis, infection
Pleura effusion
Condition that has excessive fluid within its cavity; leading to the compression of lung tissue
Pleurisy
Painful condition that results from when the pleura or the sac around the pleura becomes inflammed,
Atelectasis
Collapsed lung, resulting when the bronchioles are blocked with secretions and the alveoli distal ruptures
Hemiparesis
Weakness on one side of the body
Hemiplegia
Paralysis of one side of the body
Carotid endarterectomy
Surgery to incise the carotid artery and removie plaque resulting in the increase of blood flow to the brain. Checking: airway, LOC, intact suture
Cocaine, Haldol, Thorazine
Drugs that can cause Parkinson's Syndrome