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the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion

Alimentary canal

digestive tube that extends from the mouth to the anus


slightly movable joints


study of body structure

Anatomical position

erect, feet forward, arms at side with palms facing forward, head facing forward

Appendicular skeleton

the part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs

Appositional growth

growth at the outer surface of a bone during endochondral ossification, resulting in an increase in the bone's thickness


the act of joining things in such a way that motion is possible

Axial skeleton

the part of the skeleton that includes the skull and spinal column and sternum and ribs

Bilateral symmetry

the property of being symmetrical about a vertical plane


a substance produced by the liver that breaks up fat particles


a small fluid-filled sac located between movable parts of the body especially at joints


a semiliquid mass of partially digested food that passes from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum


the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum


opposite side


large in quantity or size


the elimination of fecal waste through the anus


freely movable joints

Digestive system

the system that makes food absorbable into the body


the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum

Eccrine glands

most numerous, important, and wide spread of the sweat glands, mostly on forehead, upper lip, palms and soles, not hair follicles, regulate temperature,

Endochondral ossification

Process of transforming cartilage into bone.


outer layer of skin


a muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach


a soft spot in the skull where membranes cover the space between bones

Gastrointestinal tract

Long winding path from mouth to anus


formation of blood cells


process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment

Inorganic matrix

calcium phosphate: forms needle like crystals that are deposited around the collagen fibers of the organic matrix; accounts for most of the hardness/strength of bone in resisting compression

Integumentary system

the organ system that forms a protective covering on the outside of the body

Intramembraneous ossification

bone develops from a fibrous membrane


Same side


connect bone to bone


cells that produce melanin


Pads of cartilage that lie between the articular surfaces of the bones


set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up or breaks down materials as it carries out its life processes


cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes

Negative feedback loops

Self-corrective mechanisms in physiology, change in the body that moves conditions about or below a set point.---Keep internal environment stable. Ex: can't hold your breathe for a long time

Organic matrix

collagen fibers


rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through the esophagus into the stomach


processes and functions of an organism

Positive feedback loops

A feedback loop in which change in a system is amplified.


oily substance secreted by the sebaceous glands


thread of catgut or silk or wire used by surgeons to stitch tissues together

Skeletal system

the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal


being or affecting or concerned with a surface


a growing together of parts or structures


immovable joints

Synovial joint

a freely movable joint


connect muscle to bone


narrowing of blood vessels


widening of the blood vessels that allows for increased blood flow

Vertebral foramen

Canal through which spinal cord passes

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