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Midterm vocabulary

triangular trade

the transatlantic system of trade in which goods, including slaves, were exchanged between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies and the colonies of North America

Navigation Acts

a series of laws passed by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to ensure that England made money from its colonies trade


to illegally import or export goods

subsistence farming

a farm that produces enough food for the family with a small additional amount for trade


the practice of holding a person in bondage for labor

grist mill

a mill in which grain is ground to produce flour or meal


a skilled worker, such as a weaver or a potter, who makes goods by hand; a craftsperson

Conestoga Wagon

a vehicle with wide wheels, a curved bed and a canvas cover used by American pioneers traveling west


an objective attitude towards those whose opinions differ from one's own (race, religion, nationality,etc...)

cash crops

a crop grown by a farmer to be sold for money rather than for personal use

rivers and mill economy

water wheels built along the region's plentiful rivers powered most of the mills

slave codes

laws designed to control slaves and keep them in bondage


the belief that some people are inferior because of their race

Middle Passage

the middle leg of the triangular trade route-the voyage from Africa to the Americas-that brought captured Africans into slavery

Eliza Lucas

introduced indigo as a successful plantation crop

William Byrd II

one of the best known of the Southern planters-wrote a diary to describe life on a plantation

Stono Rebellion

a 1739 uprising of slaves in South Caroline leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws

plantation life

large farm that raises cash crops




a beginner who learns a trade or a craft from an experienced master

Great Awakening

a revival of religious feelings in the American colonies during the 1730's and 1740's

Jonathan Edwards

one of the best-known preachers during the Great Awakening

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