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22 terms

History Midterm #2

Midterm vocabulary
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triangular trade
the transatlantic system of trade in which goods, including slaves, were exchanged between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies and the colonies of North America
Navigation Acts
a series of laws passed by Parliament, beginning in 1651, to ensure that England made money from its colonies trade
smuggling
to illegally import or export goods
subsistence farming
a farm that produces enough food for the family with a small additional amount for trade
slavery
the practice of holding a person in bondage for labor
grist mill
a mill in which grain is ground to produce flour or meal
artisan
a skilled worker, such as a weaver or a potter, who makes goods by hand; a craftsperson
Conestoga Wagon
a vehicle with wide wheels, a curved bed and a canvas cover used by American pioneers traveling west
tolerance
an objective attitude towards those whose opinions differ from one's own (race, religion, nationality,etc...)
cash crops
a crop grown by a farmer to be sold for money rather than for personal use
rivers and mill economy
water wheels built along the region's plentiful rivers powered most of the mills
slave codes
laws designed to control slaves and keep them in bondage
racism
the belief that some people are inferior because of their race
Middle Passage
the middle leg of the triangular trade route-the voyage from Africa to the Americas-that brought captured Africans into slavery
Eliza Lucas
introduced indigo as a successful plantation crop
William Byrd II
one of the best known of the Southern planters-wrote a diary to describe life on a plantation
Stono Rebellion
a 1739 uprising of slaves in South Caroline leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws
plantation life
large farm that raises cash crops
tidewater
...
apprentice
a beginner who learns a trade or a craft from an experienced master
Great Awakening
a revival of religious feelings in the American colonies during the 1730's and 1740's
Jonathan Edwards
one of the best-known preachers during the Great Awakening