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23 terms

chapter 7

roarig twenties
STUDY
PLAY
red scare
a period of general fear of communists
communism
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
sacco and vanzetti
italian immigrants/anarchists charged with shooting and killing 2 men during a shoe factory hold up in boston. convictions were based on ethnicity and individualbeliefs put to death in electric chair
warren g harding
president who called for a return to normalcy following WWI
teapot dome scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
laissez faire
policy based on the idea that government should play as small a role as possible in the economy
calvin coolidge
elected Vice President and succeeded as 30th President of the United States when Harding died in 1923 (1872-1933)
two olitions to ending war
1. avoid another arms race (naval rivalry between ger/gb)washington naval disarament conference washington dc leaders agreed to limit contruction of large warships
2. kellogg-brand pact of 1928- secretary of state frank kellogg and french foreign minster aristide briand outloawed war as instrument of national policy unenforceable
kellogg-briand pact
Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another
dawes plan
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
installment buying
buying on credit
buying on margin
Purching stock with a little money down with the promise of paying the balance at sometime in the future
fundamentalism
the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
scopes trial
tennessee passed law making darwins theory of evolution illegal to be taught in schools john scopes protestd against law. clarence darrow- most popular defense attorney inus tha backed scopes against prosecutor william jennings bryan
scopes found guilty
national orgins act
This Act limited immigration of a nationality to the two per cent of that nationality living in the US as of the 1890 census
volstead act
the means of enforcing Prohibition
speakeasies
secret drinking establishments
the jazz singer
first movie with sound sychronized o action
charles lindbergh
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
lost generation
writers 1920s no longer had fairth in victoriane era
f.scott fitzgerald: great gatsby and this side of paradise
ernest hemingway fairwell to arms
sinclair lewis mainstreet and babbit
eugene oneil emrperor jones and strange interlude
marcus garvey
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
louis armstrong
United States jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971)
harlem renaissance
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished

langston hughes- most powerful black literary poet everyday life
claude mckay- most militant writer showed ordinary aa struggling for dignity advancement in face ofdiscrimiation
zora neale hurston- collected stoies tales of indpendence for black and white women