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the belief that the world is full of spirits and forces that might reside in animals, objects, or dreams
to raise plants and animals in a controlled way that makes them best suited to human use
started searching for clues to the human past in a deep canyon in Tanzania & Kenya, found ancient tools, found hominid skull
started searching for clues to the human past in a deep canyon in Tanzania & Kenya, found ancient tools
by asking questions about the evidence like detectives would
How do historians evaluate evidence to determine if it is reliable?
tools chipped from stone
Which discovery encouraged the Leakeys to continue looking for human remains at Olduvai Gorge?
They were the first hominids to learn how to use fire
Which statement describes Homo erectus?
(they were the first hominids to make stone tools, they lived in Africa 7 million years ago, they were the first hominids to learn how to use fire, they were the first modern humans)
they started burying dead
What is the main clue about the religious beliefs of Old Stone Age people?
complex religions, social classes, and writing
What are three basic features of most early civilizations?
priests and nobles, wealthy merchants, artisans, peasant farmers, slaves
In the cities, what were the social classes in descending order?
organized governments, complex religions, job specialization, social classes, arts and architecture, public works, writing
What are the seven features that define civilization?
bricklayers, potters, metalworkers, blacksmiths, soldiers, singers, dancers
Give 5 examples of artisans.
Rain and fertile soil, stone, timber, or metals
What was necessary in an environment for survival of a civilization?
Animals that flocked to the rivers to drink were a source of food and conditions in the river valleys favored farming, provided a regular water supply and a means of transportation, floodwaters spread silt-tiny bits of rock and dirt from the river bottom--across the valleys, renewing the soil and keeping it fertile, farmers were able to produce surpluses of food, allowing them to store food for the future
Why were the earliest civilizations to develop all situated near major rivers?
Sumer between the Tigris and Euphrates,
Egypt along the Nile,
The Indus civilization along the Indus in India,
Shang civilization along the Huang or Yellow River in China
What were the first four river civilizations and what rivers did they originate around?
People learned to farm on the sides of mountains or to fill in swamps with land for farming.
What did people do to farm in Central and South America?
a metal blade ax, wood and stone knife, marble bead, small leather pouch, size 5 leather shoe with eyelets and laces with grass inside as warmth, pyrite, charcoal, 14 arrows, spiral feathering, probably made from red deer hide with fine stitching, but may have been repaired
What was the Iceman found with?
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