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43 terms

Therapy and Treatment Weiten & Zimbardo

STUDY
PLAY
Insight therapy
Talk therapy; clients engage in complex verbal interactions with their therapists. Can be done with individual or group.
Behavior therapy
Based on the principles of learning, therapists make direct efforts to alter problematic responses like phobias and drug use.
Biomedical therapies
Involve interventions into a person's biological functioning. Most widely used are drug therapy and electroconvulsive shock therapy.
Psychologists
Specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and everyday behavioral problems.
Psychiatrists
Physicians who specialize in diagnosis and treatment of disorders.
Antipsychotic Drugs
Block or reduce sensitivity of the brain receptors that respond to dopamine. Helps patient become manageable, but not a cure.
Antidepressant Drugs
Keep seratonin in synaptic gap before reuptake to create a sense of well-being.
Tranquilizers
Increase the activity of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), effects the muscles for a sense of relaxation.
Lithium Carbonate
Used to treat bipolar disorder, must be given in the right dosage, and it is hard to find the right dosage.
Placebo Effect
Success of a treament that is due to the patient's expectation of hopes rather than to the drug itself.
Psychosurgery
Any surgical procedure that destorys selected areas of the brain, ex. prefrontal lobotomy. Might result in minor memory loss and docile behavior.
Egaz Monez
Psychosurgery to help people who were insane, killed by one of his patients.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
A procedure used in cases of prolonged and severe major depression, causes a brief brain seizure.
Psychoanalysis
Emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference.
Free Association
Clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feeelings exactly as they occur, with as little censorship as possible.
Dream analysis
Therapists interpret the symbolic meanings of patients' dreams.
Interpretation
Therapists attempt to explain the inner significance of the client's thoughts, feelings, memories, and behaviors.
Resistance
Largely unconscious defensive manuveurs intended to hinder the progress of their therapy.
Transference
Occurs when clients unconsciously relate to their therapists in ways that mimick relationships in their lives.
Client-centered Therapy
An insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for patients, who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their own therapy.
Group Therapy
Simulataneous psychological treatment of several clients in a group.
Spontaneous Remission
Recovery from a disorder that occurs without formal treatment.
Behavior Therapy
Involve the applications of learning principles to direct efforts to change client's maladaptive behaviors. Uses techniques of classical and operant conditioning.
Systematic Desensitization
Step by step process of desensitizing a client to a feared object or experience. Based on counter-conditioning.
Aversion Therapy
Behavior therapy in which an aversive therapy is paired with a stimulus that elicits an undesirable response.
Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments
Use varied combinations of verbal interventions and behavior modification techniques to help clients change maladaptive terms of thinking.
Cognitive Therapy
Uses specific strategies to correct habitual thinking errors that underlie various types of disorders.
Biomedical Therapies
Physiological interventionsintended to reduce symptoms associated with psychological disorders.
Psychopharmacotherapy
The treatment of mental disorders with medication.
Antianxiety Drugs
Relieve tension, apprehension, and nervousness. Ex. Vallium and Xanax
Antipsychotic Drugs
Gradually reduce psychotic symptoms including hyperactivity, mental confusion, hallucinations, and dellusions. Ex. Thorazine
Antidepressant Drugs
Gradually elevate mood and help bring people out of depression. Ex. Prozac and Zoloft
Humanist Therapy
Based on the assumption that people seek self-actualization and self-fulfillment, emphasized people's free will to change.
Mood Stabilizers
Used to control mood swings in patients with bipolar disorder. Ex. lithium
Sigmund Freud
Developed psychoanalysis
Carl Rogers
Developed client-centered therapy
Aaron Beck
Developed cognitive-behavior therapy, Beck Depression Inventory
Eclecticism
Practice of therapy involves drawing ideas from two or more systems of therapy instead of committing to just one system.
Mental hospital
A medical institution specializing in providing in-patient care for psychological disorders.
Existential Therapy
Helps clients explore the meaning of existence and face life's issues with courage.
Family and Couples Therapy
Helping with problems that develop within a family, can look for patterns of behavior across generations.
Psychodynamic Therapy
Insight into unconscious motives and feelings, probing the unconscious through dream analysis, free association, transference.
Exposure (Flooding)
Technique where a person suffering from an anxiety disorder such as a phobia or panic attack is taken directly into the feared situation until anxiety is relieved.