Short answer history
Terms in this set (40)
How did the French pattern of settlement contrast with the Spanish?
French settlement was a lot slower than the Spanish. French settlement was based on fur trade. The French did not try to convert the natives religiously. They had good relationships with the natives. The Spanish people used them to help raise cattle after the gold supply ran out. The French also had the largest land mass as well.
What was the economic basis of the Chesapeake colon1es?
Tobacco. It was also the destroyer of thee land and forced people to go further inland into contact with the natives.
How did Rhode Island come to practice religious toleration?
Roger Williams was a religious man but didn't believe in forcing religion upon others. He established this colony by tolerating other beliefs and people.
How did European settlement affect the indigenous peoples of New England?
European settlers exterminated the Pequot tribes during the battle of Mustick (a war in Massachusetts). The burned the indigenous peoples homes and land. It was very violent. The Indians felt whites were taking over their land, but thee whites retaliated anyways.
How did the Carolinas differ from the other colonies?
They had staple crops. Which are crops grown for exporting purposes. Slaves were responsible for growing rice and other crops that could be exported to the Caribbean.
Why were the English able to so easily capture New York?
In 1664 faced by the British fleet 94 leading citizens of New Amsterdam petitioned Governor
Stuyvesant to surrender the city rather allow it to be destroyed by British Naval gunfire.
How did Pennsylvania come to be a haven for many religions?
Pennsylvania was fond of religious toleration, trial by jury, free press, private property, etc. William Penn was a pacifist. He was against slavery and very much for religious toleration.
How did the economic basis of the middle colonies differ from that of New England?
The middle colonies produced a lot of grain, for they has somewhat decent farm land to do so. (NY, Penn, NJ, Delaware). North colonies didn't have much leveled land which made it not suitable for farmers, so they made business through trade. New England traded cod. They also exported lumber so British ships could be built.
How Bacon's Rebellion lead to an increase in the enslaved population of Colonial Virginia? (requires thought)
1676- The government in Virginia became frightened by the threat of civil war. Bacons rebellion was the first rebellion in the colonies. When the discovery of tobacco started, it required slaves, and these slaves had joined bacons rebellion in fear of another rebellion.
Did John Winthrop's vision of a model of Christian Charity survive his generation?
Winthrop took the Old Testament and turned it into a way of life. However, if one didn't like this way of life and was forced to do it against their will, they ended up leaving. He failed. It's proof that forcing religion is never a good idea, for it just drove people away from it. The generation after him abandoned this way of life.
How did Pennsylvania come to be a haven for many religions?
How were the southernmost colonies of British North America established and in what ways did they differ from other colonies?
Carolinas and GA- Georgia was established as a crown colony (royally governed). It was supposed to be a military colony to prevent slave rebellions but that failed. A few hundred miles a way, slaves were being offered jobs so they escaped. Slaves were forced to wear identity tags etc. so that they could be identified and kept on the farms/ with their owners.
How do you account for the independence and high fertility of women in colonial North America?
Anne Hutchinson was the first woman in America to challenge the government. She fought for religious freedom. Women didn't have any right. In order to be independent you couldn't marry and that was frowned upon. They also contributed to a booming population by having 6-10 kids.
What opposing viewpoints influenced colonial religion in the 18th century?
The idea of religion was ridiculous. People like David Hume saw religion as being irrational. Those who believed there were no errors in the bible suffered. Ministers began to explore enlightenment ideas. Preaching occurred in New England but many found it boring. So they didn't join the church. Two approached to religion: negative or enthusiastic.
How did British trade policies contribute to the inflation of colonial currency?
Mercantilism said a nations wealth depends on how much gold and silver coinage exists. The British in the 17th century passed the first navigation acts. This allowed Britain to keeps its gold. America would send them goods and they'd send some back and keep their money. Sell your goods where you get the highest return but buy the cheapest product. Without currency, American goods were worthless.
What was the purpose of the Dominion of New England and why did it provoke a strong colonial reaction?
King James II planned to enforce the navigation acts and coordinate mutual deference of colonies against the French. When King James's representatives came, they brought ideas like Christmas and fireworks and racing horses. It was insane.
Why did a friend of the American colonies describe British policy as salutary neglect?
Statutory neglect means the crown paid attention to the American citizens which allowed them to form their own government and laws. The king had nothing to do with it. Basically, America governed themselves.
What provoked King Philips War?
The chief of Wampoanagas had a son called Metacomet. He appealed to the Indians to avenge the stealing of their land by the colonists. The Indians burned 25 towns and killed a fourth of the male population. King Philip was just the English king who wore nice clothes and his people feared him because he destroyed many towns in New England.
How would you categorize the relations between the French and Indians in New France?
The French, explorers, and traders had good relationships with the Indians. Americans didn't because they took their land. However, we were not trying to convert them religiously, but rather use their land for what we thought it should be used for.
Why did Britain and her allies triumph in the Seven Years War?
In what way could it be said that the "Cradle of liberty was rocked on the Plains of Abraham?"
Liberty is able to grow up because there is no longer French in Canada threatening the colonies.
How did British colonial policy and customs (tariff) enforcement change after the Seven Years War?
The British policy change was caused by the financial need of the British. After the war, the British strictly enforced taxes and increased control because they wanted tax revenue and to control the colonies.
What was the stamp act and how did American colonists respond to it?
Anything using paper or vellum had tax on it. Americans responded to this act with petitions and direct actions. Benjamin Franklin believe we should not be forced to pay taxes laid down by a parliament.
Who were the sons of liberty?
Sam Adams and John Hancock founded this group. These people were completely against being controlled by the British.
What was the intention of the Revenue Act of 1767 (the Townshend duties)?
Revenue Acts imposed taxes on popular products that were imported into colonies. Taxes were used to pay salaries of royal officials working in the colonies. Intention was to avoid the colonies giving money to the royal gov.
Why was the Tea Act a threat to American political autonomy?
After the patriots dumped the tea into the harbor, the parliament created the coercive acts to punish the city and its people. The people dumped the tea into the harbor because they were against paying taxes. It infringed upon their right to be free people.
Were the actions of the 1
st Continental Congress radical?
No. They just listed out everything wrong and what needed to be acknowledged or fixed. They did not start a revolution or anything of that sorts.
How did the shooting start in the American Revolution?
The shooting started in Lexington when the British were trying to find Sam Adams and John Hancock. People say the first shot was accidental which triggered British fire.
How did the British react to the Battle of Bunker Hill?
British went into the battle with a cocky attitude. When their front line was blown back, they were surprised at how ready the American forces were. The British needed to fight back harder and the British headed to bunker hill.
In what sense did Locke's contract theory of government underlie our Declaration of Independence?
He suggested that government derive there power from ideas of their govern and that their governed deserved rights. Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Was the American Revolution a Civil War?
Yes because America was not an independent nation at the time. When they wrote the treaty of Harris they were able to become an independent landlord. America kept britains wish by keeping them from establishing loyalists fought revolutionaries.
Did the American Revolution significantly change the condition and status of black Americans?
Lord du more promised freedom to any enslaved person who fought for the British. They transported 30,000 African American slaves to Nova Scotia and then to Sierra Leon. Ultimately, the words of the declaration made a difference.
How did the British campaign to cut off New England go awry at Saratoga and Oriskany, and what was the result of that failure?
France now had recognized America as an independent country and had an open alliance with them.
Why were the Americans able to defeat the British?
British were unable to control the countryside.
-The colonies didn't have a single capital city that could be captured to end the fighting. British did not take advantage of the loyalists who could have helped them. Bc no trust -Americans learned important guerrilla tactics during the Indian wars.
-Since George Washington tactfully avoided large scale confrontations, the British could not take out a large number of the colonial forces at once. The most important factor in the revolution was the widespread support that the revolution got.
How did the patriots fare on the western frontier?
The colonists knew the British wanted to coerce them from boycotting British goods, which hurt their economy. Patriots began to drink tea produced in the colonies. This didn't completely damage British trade though.
After initial successes at Charleston and Camden, how did the tide of battle in the South turn against the British?
Misunderstood order with the Americans made the British break order to chase the American troops.
Why was Cornwallis forced to surrender?
French ships were blocking the bay, so Cornwallis and his troops couldn't get to their supplies. The British also couldn't escape from the Bay. Washington and his army were coming for the land, so the odds were against him.
What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War?
This was the treaty that officially ended the war on September 3, 1783. Under the terms of the treaty, Britain recognized the independent nation of the USA. Britain agreed to remove all its troops from the new nation. The treaty also set borders for USA, including all land from the Great Lakes on to FL, and from the Atlantic to The Mississippi River. The USA agreed to let the remaining British troops leave America and paid existing debts to great Britain. America also allowed those who left to return.
Why did state constitutions vary in their acceptance of egalitarianism?
Egalitarianism means equality. A guarantee of religious freedom was viewed as an essential element of republican liberty. Every state constitution written between 1776-1800 included religious freedom. However some states had more slaves than others. This limited the movement on equality.
Why did Benjamin Rush say that the Revolution was far from over?
Freedom can only exist in a society of knowledge. Without learning, men are incapable of knowing their rights.