Music Vocabulary Words
Terms in this set (58)
singing without instrumental accompaniment.
sing/play to the finish.
to make sound "larger".
Call and Response
One group (or leader) "calls" and the other group "responds", usually by echoing what the first did.
a short, added ending to a piece of music.
D.C. al fine
return to the beginning and play to the finish.
D.S. al fine
return to the "sign" and play to the finish.
A combination of two or more tones that create tension and must be "resolved" with standard chords (ones that are expected, or pleasant to the ear).
"broken chords" or notes of a chord sounded out at a time.
a solo from an opera, intended to "show off" the singer's voice.
an opera solo that is much like speaking.
"A musical introduction" that comes before a ballet, musical, or opera.
(Also called the "F" clef); the sign on the staff that indicates pitches. Where the 4th line (up) represents the F below Middle C.
(also called the "G" clef); the sign onthe staff for the higher pitches. Where the 2nd line (up) represents the G above the middle C.
Treble and Bass clef read together (as in piano music).
music element that is a combination of pitches arranged in orders that are usually pleasing to hear. Pitches move up, down, or repeat to make a melody.
Combinations of, or patterns of long and short sounds, including a regular phrase.
speed of the pulse (beat), with terms for fast or slow, such as LARGO (very slow) and ALLEGRO (cheerful).
when two or more pitches are sounded at the same time.
the VOLUME of the music, which is designated by the terms PIANO (soft) and FORTE (loud) ---- NOT UP AND DOWN!!!!
the term used for the way the Parts of a piece of music are assembled. (verse/refrain; ABA; Rondo; mass; symphony, etc).
the end (the finish).
Timbre (pronounced tamber, sort of)
the unique QUALITY of the sound of each instrument (also called in English, tone quality).
unique qualities that characterize and identify the variety of types of music available (country, classical, jazz, rock, folk, gospel, bluegrass).
the "thickness" of harmony--how many interwoven parts?
(also referred to as METER signature); gives the music PULSE and designates how many beats are in every measure, (top number); and which note is to get ONE BEAT (bottom number).
the highest sounding adult female singing voice; also the unchanged voice of most children.
the lower singing voice of adult females.
the highest sounding adult male singing voice.
the adult male singing voice that is lower than tenor, but higher than bass.
the lowest male singing voice; also the term used to identify the lowest sounds in musical pitches.
One that can be sung independently, but fits well when sung with another song, and creates pleasant harmony.
the strictest form of musical imitation, where one part begins, and the other part begins later the exact same line (much like a ROUND).
a song that tells a story (can be in any style).
the symbol that indicates moving one half step higher (#).
the symbol that means to lower the pitch one half step (b).
the symbol that means to return a pitch to it's "natural" status.
the pitch that is exactly 1/2 the number of vibrations or exactly twice the number of vibrations of a starting pitch: also a series of eight diatonic tones.
a pattern that is repeated along with another melody.
a group of musical tones that belong together and make musical sense, just like in writing, where phrases combine to make sentences and sentences combine to make paragraphs, etc.
"Between beats" where the emphasis does not fall on the expected beat of 1, 2, 3, or 4, but between them. Characteristic of jazz and some rock music.
One performer, alone.
Two performers, performing TWO DIFFERENT PARTS.
Three performers, performing THREE DIFFERENT PARTS.
Four performers, performing FOUR DIFFERENT PARTS.
Five performers, performing FIVE DIFFEREFNT PARTS.
the first tone of a chord or scale.
LARGO; very very slow--literally, large: ADAGIO; very slow: ANDANTE; slow, but moving--like walking purposefully: MODERATO; moderate--not too slow or fast: ALLEGRO; literally--cheerful, usually taken as relatively fast: PRESTO; very fast.
a large musical form in which all dialogue is sung.
the "script" for an opera (usually not written by the composer of the music).
Da Capa (D.C.)
a repeat sign that means to go back to the beginning.
D.C. al coda
a repeat sign that means to go back to the beginning and play to the coda sign, then play the coda.
Dal Segno (D. S.)
a repeat sign.
D.S. al coda
repeat to the sign and play to the coda.
to cause to quiver--to move back and forth or up and down.
to "re-sound". Capable of returning sound.
literally, the science of sound, but for classroom purposes: "natural" -- not electronic.
a series of tones that exist within the tone you hear, that can be produced by vibrating fractional parts of the instrument/voice.