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33 terms

Apostles/ Chapter 3 Vocab

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Bartholomew
Saint __________ was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. He was introduced to Christ through St. Philip and is also known as "Nathaniel of Cana in Galilee", notably in John's Gospel. St Bartholomew is credited with many miracles related to the weight of objects. It is thought that Bartholomew died by being skinned alive.
Andrew
Saint ________ was the first Apostle of Jesus Christ. He was the younger brother of St. Peter and was born in Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee. The brothers were fishermen by trade, and Jesus had called him to be his disciples by saying that he would make them "fishers of men."
Peter
Saint ______ was born in Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee whose name was originally Simon. The name Peter, meaning rock, was selected by Jesus indicating that he would be the rock-like foundation that the Church would be built on.
Philip
Saint _______ was born in Bethsaida near the Sea of Galilee and became the fifth Apostle of Christ. He was first a follower of John the Baptist and then became an Apostle of Jesus spreading Christianity in Greece, Phrygia, and Syria.
Thomas
Saint _______ was a Jew, called to be one of the twelve Apostles. He was a dedicated but impetuous follower of Christ. Thomas the Apostle was also known as "Doubting Thomas" or "Didymus" meaning twin. He was absent when the Risen Lord appeared to the other apostles on the evening of Easter Day, and refused to believe that Christ had indeed risen until he had seen him for himself, but when he had seen Him, he said to Him, "My Lord and My God."
Thaddeus
Saint ________ was also commonly known as Jude the Apostle, or Judas Thaddeus. He is sometimes identified as, "Jude, brother of Jesus," but is clearly distinguished from Judas Iscariot, another disciple, who betrayed Jesus.
Judas Iscariot
________________ was one of the Twelve Apostles, notorious for betraying Jesus. His surname is more probably a corruption of the Latin sicarius, meaning murder, than an indication of family origin, suggesting that he would have belonged to the most radical Jewish group, some of whom were terrorists. Other than his apostleship, his betrayal and his death, little else is revealed about him in the Gospels.
Simon
Saint ________ is sometimes called Simon the Zealot because of the zeal he showed for the Mosaic Law which he had practiced before his call. Like all of the Apostles he was a convert, he was also a Galilean. He was one of the original followers of Christ, and Western tradition is that he preached in Egypt and then went to Persia with St. Jude where both suffered martyrdom.
Matthew
Saint _________ was sitting at a tax collection post where one day Jesus was walking and saw, and said to him, "Follow me." Then Matthew stood up and followed Him, and became one of His twelve apostles.
John
Saint ______ was the son of Zebedee and Salome, and brother of James, another of the Twelve Apostles. Christian tradition holds he was the last surviving of the Twelve Apostles and that he died of natural causes and was the only apostle to die naturally.
James the Greater
Saint ____________ the son of Zebedee, was called along with this brother John to be one of Jesus' twelve apostles who would accompany him on his ministry. James appears in the lists of apostles in the synoptic gospels as well as Acts.
James the Lesser
_____________ who was son of Alphaeus, called "Less" because he was younger in age or shorter in stature than James the Greater. He was a brother of the Apostle Matthew. St. James the Less was stoned to death in Jerusalem for preaching about Christ, and he was buried by the Sanctuary.
apocalypse
another name for the Book of Revelation, which is attributed to St. John and written during his exile on the island of Patmos. this prophetic work is symbolic language was meant to encourage and strengthen persecuted Christians by foretelling victory of Christ and his Church over sin and evil
apocryphal
describes any book purporting to be inspired but ultimately not accepted by the Church as part of Sacred Scripture
baptism
the first of the Seven Sacraments and the door that gives access to the other Sacraments; first and chief Sacrament of Forgiveness of Sins because the baptized Christian receives the remission of both personal Original Sin.
charism
a specific gift or grace of the Holy Spirit that directly or indirectly benefits the Church. it is given in order to help a person live out the Christian life or serve the common good in building up the Church
church
generally the entire assembly of the faithful People of God; more specifically, particularly when spelled with a capital C, it refers to the Catholic Church; the word comes from the Greek "ekklesia" meaning assembly
Council of Jerusalem
recounted in Acts 15, this synod of Apostles AD 49 or 50 spoke with the authority of Christ in deciding that Gentile converts didn't have to be circumcised according to the Law of Moses
ecumenical council
from the Greek "oikoumene", meaning "the whole inhabited world". a formal synod of bishops from the whole inhabited world convened to define doctrine, regulate the Christian life, or apply discipline in the Church, the first was held in Nicaea AD 325
gnostic
an ancient heretical sect that believed, among other things, that salvation came from obtaining secret experiential knowledge
heaven
the eternal state of supreme and definitive happiness with God; communion of live and love with the Trinity and all the blessed
heavenly liturgy
the worship of God in Heaven by the angels and saints, led by Christ the High Priest, who re-presents the sacrificial offering of himself to the Father, thus renewing the work of our redemption
keys of the kingdom
in the OT, the sign of the office of prime minister, who is appointed by the king to have primacy over all his other servants; in the NT, Jesus gives them to St. Peter, indicating that he would be both the leader in this Church and Christ's own representative on earth, in other words the first pope
martyr
greed for "witness"; a witness to the truth of the Faith in which a Christian endures suffering and even death for Christ
Mass
the principal sacramental celebration and worship of the Catholic Church, established by Jesus at the Last Supper, in which the mystery of salvation through participation in the sacrificial Death and glorious Resurrection of Christ is renewed and accomplished; also called the Eucharist or the Lord's Supper, this name is derived from the Latin dismissal of the faithful, "ite, missa est"
Pentecost
a Jewish festival, 50 days after Passover celebrating the giving of the Law of Moses at Sinai. on the 50th day after the Resurrection, the Holy Spirit was manifested, given, and communicated to the Apostle, fulfilling the mission of Christ, this is the "birthday" of the Church
People of God
all the faithful from among humanity who seek and desire to know and love God
Primacy of Peter
the position of being first in rank or authority, the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles bear witness to St. Peter's primacy among the Apostles
rock
the literal meaning of the name Peter, taken from its Greed form "petros"; Jesus gave St. Peter his name to indicated that he would be the ______ upon which Jesus would build his Church.
Sacred Scripture
the Bible; the canonical writings validated by the Church as inerrant and inspired by the Holy Spirit. together with Sared Tradition, it makes up a single deposit of the Word of God--the Deposit of Faith--a single gift of God to the Church
Sacred Tradition
from the Latin "traditio" (to hand down); the Church's teachings that have been passed down through the ages through the successors of the Apostles. together with Sacred Scripture, it makes up a sing deposit of the Word of God--the Deposit of Faith--a single gift of God to the Church
saint
in its more specific sense, any individual who has died and been canonized by the Catholic Church, meaning that the person is known to be in Heaven. the members of the Church on earth, the People of God, are also called _______
Vicar of Christ
term used for the Pope that emphasizes his role as a representative of Christ himself; from the Latin "vicarius" meaning "in person of"