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History Midterm Vocabulary
Vocabulary on the Midterm
Terms in this set (50)
(750,000 BCE - 10,000 B.C.E.) Old Stone Age. A period of time in human history characterized by the use of stone tools and the use of hunting and gathering as a food source.
(archeology) the earliest known period of human culture, characterized by the use of stone implements
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere) New Stone Age
Hominids who are believed to have walked completely upright like modern people do, called "Upright Man".
characterizing the family Hominidae, which includes Homo sapiens sapiens as well as extinct species of manlike creatures
Adaption for human use
The period before writing was developed
An organized system of thought, from the Greek for "Love of Wisdom"
The study of human life and culture based on artifacts and human fossils
human behavior and how the mind works
Homo Sapiens Sapiens
"Wise, Wise Human"; The first anatomically modern humans
The study of past societies through an analysis of the items people left behind
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).
a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water; mouth
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
the position of a place in relation to another place
an imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
The meridian, designated at 0° longitude, which passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.
A state with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
Believing in many gods
Believing in one God
"wedge-shaped," a system of writing developed by the Sumerians using a reed stylus to create wedge-shaped impressions on a clay tablet.
The most common or various titles for egyptian monarchs
A high government official in ancient Egypt or in Muslin countries
"Priest carvings" or "Sacred Writings," a complex system of writing that used both pictures and more abstract forms
A family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family
The process of slowly drying a dead body to prevent it from decaying
A time of bad economic times and no cultural or intellectual advances; time period where there is no writing present
armor carried on the arm to intercept blows
an ancient Greek city-state famous for military prowess
A system of government in which people participate directly in government decision making through mass meeting
"The rule of many," government by the people, either directly or through their elected representatives
Government by divine authority
In ancient Sparta, a captive person who was forced to work for the conquerer
The early Greek city-state, consisting of a city or town and its surrounding countryside
A ruler who seized power from the aristocrats
In early Greek city-states, an open area that served as a gathering place and as a market.
In the early Greek military system, a heavily armed foot soldier
All the gods of a people or religion
In early Greek city-states, a fortified gathering place at the top of a hill that was sometimes the site of temples and public buildings
A wall of shields created by foot soldiers marching shoulder to shoulder in a rectangular formation
An administrative organization that relies on nonelective officials and regular procedures
a person who is owned by someone for little or no money
Government by a sovereign ruler such as a king or queen
(archeology) a period between the Stone and Iron ages, characterized by the manufacture and use of bronze tools and weapons
"The rule of the few," a form of government in which a select group of people exercises controls
A male sovereign; monarch
In early urban civilizations, an important ad powerful person who supervised rituals aimed at pleasing the gods and goddesses
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)