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70 terms

AP GOVERNMENT FINAL EXAM REVIEW True or False, Part 1

STUDY
PLAY
It took the national government many years to implement just a fraction of the
bipartisan homeland security policies and programs.
T
Politics exists in part because people differ about who should govern and the ends
toward which they work.
T
Federal income taxes were higher in 1935 than they are today.
F
Most people holding political power in the United States today are middle-class,
middle-aged, white Protestant males.
T
Constitutional amendments giving rights to African Americans and women passed by
large majorities.
T
It is easy to discern political power at work.
F
The text suggests that, increasingly, matters that were once considered "public"
become "private," and beyond the scope of governmental action.
F
In the 1950s the federal government would have displayed little or no interest in a
university refusing applicants.
T
Much of American political history has been a struggle over what constitutes legitimate
authority.
T
Alexander Hamilton worried that the new government would not be democratic
enough.
F
Aristotle thought of democracy as the "rule of the many."
T
Everyone in the ancient Greek city-state was eligible to participate in government.
F
The New England town meeting approximates the Aristotelian ideal.
T
Some writers of the Constitution opposed democracy on the grounds that the people
would be unable to make wise decisions.
T
Democracy as used in this book refers to the rule of the many.
F
The Framers of the Constitution did not think that the "will of the people" was
synonymous with the "public good."
T
The Framers suspected even highly educated persons could be manipulated by
demagogic leaders who played on their fears and prejudices.
T
The Framers hoped to create a representative democracy that would act swiftly and
accommodate sweeping changes in policy.
F
People today have unprecedented access to information and consume more political
news than ever.
F
Majoritarian politics probably influence relatively few issues in this country.
T
Marxist theory sees society as divided into two classes: capitalists and workers.
T
C. Wright Mills included corporate, governmental, and labor officials in his power
elite.
F
Today, some would add major communications media chiefs to Mills' power elite.
T
Weber assigned a significant amount of power to appointed officials in the
bureaucracies of modern governments.
T
Weber felt that bureaucrats merely implemented public policies that are made by
elected officials.
T
Pluralists deny the existence of elites.
F
The bureaucratic view does the most to reassure one that America has been, and
continues to be, a democracy in more than name only.
F
A policy can be good or bad independent of the motives of the person who decided it.
T
The self-interest of individuals is often an incomplete guide to their actions.
T
In the 1920s it was widely assumed that the federal government would play a small role
in citizens' lives.
T
Who wields power—that is, who made a difference in the outcome and for what
reason—is harder to discover than who did what.
T
Political change is not always accompanied by changes in public laws.
T
The delegates to the Philadelphia convention were not popularly elected.
T
The American and French Revolutions of the late 1700s were both fought for the ideals
of liberty, fraternity, and equality.
F
The British Constitution was not a single written document.
T
Commonly listed among the natural rights to which colonists felt entitled were life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
F
Revolutionary colonists largely held that the legislative branch of government should
have a greater share of governmental power than the executive.
T
The eleven years that elapsed between the Declaration of Independence and the signing
of the Constitution were years of turmoil, uncertainty and fear.
T
Under the Articles of Confederation the national government levied relatively modest
taxes on the people.
T
The Articles required nine votes for the passage of any measure.
T
John Hancock was elected president in 1785 but never showed up to take the job.
T
There was no national judicial system under the Articles of Confederation.
T
George Washington and Alexander Hamilton were strong supporters of the Articles of
Confederation.
F
The Constitutional Convention lasted about one month.
F
The Pennsylvania state constitution was the most radically democratic.
T
Shays's Rebellion may have encouraged some delegates to meet in Philadelphia who
may not have otherwise.
T
Rhode Island refused to send a delegate to Philadelphia.
T
Most of the Framers of the Constitution were experienced in government and were in
their fifties or sixties.
F
Thomas Jefferson and John Adams did not attend the Philadelphia Convention.
T
The Constitution of the United States is the world's oldest written national constitution
still in operation.
T
The Virginia Plan appeared to favor the larger states, whereas the New Jersey Plan was
more acceptable to the smaller ones.
T
When the first decisive vote of the Convention was taken, the New Jersey Plan was
favored over the Virginia Plan.
F
The Great Compromise is sometimes called the Connecticut Compromise.
T
James Madison enthusiastically supported the Great Compromise.
F
The Great Compromise, which essentially saved the Convention from collapsing, was
directly opposed by, or not supported by, the votes of eight of the thirteen states.
T
The author of the Virginia Plan refused to sign the Constitution.
T
At the time of the Convention, most European systems spread authority between state
and national governments.
F
The power to declare war would be a proper example of an "enumerated" power.
T
The power to issue licenses and to regulate commerce within a state would be proper
examples of powers that are "reserved."
T
The Founders assumed most people would seek their own advantage and that some
would exploit others in the pursuit of self-interest.
T
James Madison, like Aristotle, thought that government had an obligation to cultivate
virtue among those who were governed.
F
The Framers considered the dispersion of power at both the state and federal levels to
be a kind of "double security" to the rights of the people.
T
To be in effect, the Constitution had to be approved by ratifying conventions in all
thirteen states.
F
The Constitution was initially rejected by ratifying conventions in two states.
T
The text suggests that many of the major fears and dour predictions of the
Antifederalists turned out to be correct.
T
Federalist No. 51 argues that coalitions in large republics tend to be less moderate.
F
The possible addition of a bill of rights was never considered at the Constitutional
Convention.
F
At the time of the Convention, most state constitutions contained bills of rights.
T
The Constitution did not contain a bill of rights originally, in part because the Founders
did not believe that the national government would be able to infringe on those rights
already protected in such bills.
T
The evidence suggests the personal economic circumstances of the Framers influenced
their decisionmaking more than the interests of the states they were supposed to
represent.
F