Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (46)
T/F: Before they settled in the Valley of Mexico, the Aztecs were settled in the southwestern desert of Mexico.
F (nomadic hunters and gatherers)
How did the Aztecs live before they came to the Valley of Mexico?
nomadic hunters and gatherers
When did the Aztecs come to the Valley of Mexico?
T/F: When the Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico, there was no major power in the region.
Who had ruled the Valley of Mexico about 100 yrs before the Aztecs came?
What was the government like when the Aztecs came to the Valley of Mexico?
many small city states ruled by various peoples
Where was the most fertile land in the V. of Mexico/.
Why did the Aztecs settle on Lake Texcoco?
the most fertile land was already occupied; also, there was an eagle sitting on a cactus when they came (fulfilling the legend)
What is Tenochtitlan?
city on an island in a large lake (now Mexico City
What were the lands around Tenochtitlan like?
Lake Texcoco was in a ____ surrounded by high ____; it had little level land for ____
valley mountains farming
How did the Aztecs adapt to the land?
What are chinampas, and how did they help with farming?
chinampas = raised garden beds on a lake; allowed Aztecs to grow corn., squash, chili pepper, etc.
T/F: At its height more than 1 million people may have lived in the city of Tenochtitlan.
F (200,000 - 400,o00)
How did the Aztecs acquire goods that they could not attain locally?
How did the Aztecs connect their island to the mainland?
dug canals; engineered bridges
What are examples of Aztec tribute?
corn, gold, jade
Name the three main Aztec social classes.
nobles; intermediate class; commoners
T/F: Unlike other cultures, Aztec priests were a part of the lower or middle class.
Merchants and skilled artisans were in which social class?
Most Aztecs were in which classs?
Name some examples of commoners.
farmers, fishers, craftsppl, soldiers, landless workers [serfs]
Who were at the very bottom of society?
enslaved people (usually pows)
T/F: In all classes, women had restricted roles.
How did the Aztecs build a powerful empire?
used warrior skills to conquer others
The majority of men did what?
farmed their own or nobles' land
What did majority of women do?
cook meals; tend children; domestic chores; androcentric
What dominated aztec life?
aztec religion was based mainly on worship of what type of gods?
about how many gods did aztecs have?
How did priests set timings for many public religios ceremonies each yr?
the most important aztec ceremonies were held for w. purpose?
ask gods for a good harvest
Who were usually sacirificed for human sacrifices?
prisoners o war
What was the aztec view of war?
sacred duty; necessary for empire expansion
Prisoners of war were used for what?
human sacrifices/ slaves
Why were the Aztecs almost aliways at war?
population was growing; need for farmland also grew; so needed more land constantl
What were Montezuma II's practices that weakened the empire?
demanded more tribute y victims for sacrifice; this caused bitter hatred among subjects
Who was Hernan Cortes and what did he do to Montezuma?
Spanish explorer who wanted more gold and glory; montezuma was taken prisoner
How did montezuma die?
taken prisoner then died in fighting btwn aztecs and spaniards
Who conquered the aztecs?
Why did the spaniards have an advantage?
aztecs were plagued by diseases; they had superior weapons such as muskets
Wht are some everyday objects found by archaeologists?
gold beads, pottery ,stone urns, beautiful feather headdresses, stone sculptures, jewelry set w/ precious stones
What script did the aztecs use?
glyphs - pictures and symbols to represent ideas and words
what are codices?
book made of a folded sheet of bark or skin
to predict planting and harvesting times, what did early pe9ples do?
studies movmements of the sun ,stars, and planets
The Aztecs created two calendars. What were each of them for?
1) farming - when to plant 2) religion - ceremonies
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
The Aztec Civilization
prehistoric indians chart
The First Americans Section 1
SS Chap 5 PP NOtes
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
mejora tu vocabulario
physics formula stuff