39 terms

Period 2 APUSH

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Terms in this set (...)

Anglicization
A) The process by which Americans thought of themselves as less American, and more British.
B) Even-though the colonies were meant to be different than Britain, so many people adopted aspects of English life. However, people adopted the expensive way of life, so many ended up in debt because they strived to be like the British.
C) England/Debt
D) Colonial
Chattel slavery
A) A systen of bondage where slaves were both seen as and treated as property.
B) Harsher slave conditions.
C) Slavery/Property
D) Colonial
Enlightened Ideas
A) Reason, anaylisis, and invidualism were emphasized.
B)
C)
D)
Freeholder Ideal Servitude
A) Land owning farm families.
B)
C)
D)
Indentured
A) A person is indentured when they are bound to serve another person, by contract, as repayment for something.
B) Indentured servitude brought a lot of people over to the new world.
C) Contract/Indentured Servitude
D) Colonial
Mercantilism
A) Economic process between colonies and the Mother Country, the colonies would supply raw goods to the Mother country, and the Mother Country would send manufactured goods in return.
B) Guarantee that the colonies products would be purchased.
C) Mother Country/Goods
D) Colonial
Natural Rights
A) The right to life, libery and property.
B)
C) Locke/Inborn
D) Colonial
Overt resistance
A) An outright breaking of the rules or societal expectations.
B) Could get more done, but was more violent.
C) Revolts/Uprisings
D) Colonial
Covert Resistance
A) Refusal to follow the rules without vocally or outwardly saying so.
B) Less direct version of resistance.
C) Slavery/Secretly
D) Colonial
Print culture
A) The spread of ideas, and goods via trade and newspapers.
B) Way that ideas made thier way to the Americas from England.
C) Newspapers/Ideas
D) Colonial
Protestant evangelism
A) Preaching of the faith with intention to convert.
B) Resulted in coverts.
C) Great Awakening/Slaves
D) Colonial
Royal Colony
A) A colony that was directly ruled by a monarch according to the laws of England.
B) Gave the ruler more direct control of the colony.
C) Virginia/New York
D) Colonial
Proprietary Colony
A) The British monarch would grant an individual or group full governing rights of a colony.
B) The Crown didn't have control of that colony.
C) Delaware/Maryland
D) Colonial
Salutary Neglect
A)England did not strictly enforce Parliamentary laws.
B) Allowed colonies to develop and flourish.
C) Independent/Neglect
D) Colonial
Tribalization
A) Adaptation of stateless people to the demands imposed upon them by neighboring states.
B) How Native Americans adopted European culture
C) Colonization/Adaptation
D) Colonial
Proprietorship
A) Individuals who were granted land by the king.
B) People (like William Penn) could establish a new colony on their land, where they could potentially rule as they please.
C) Penn/Land Grants
D) Colonial
Quakers
A) A religious sect who was hated in England due to their views.
B) Made up a bulk of Pennsylvania and established that colony.
C) William Penn/Equality
D) Colonial
Dominion of New England
A) A royal province designed to increase Britain's control of the Americas. It was governed by Edumud Andros, who was disliked by the colonists, and it merged RI, Mass. Bay, Plymouth, NY and NJ.
B) Increased authoritative rule and dismissed assemblies.
C) Andros/Glorious Rev.
D) Colonial
Glorious Revolution
A) A bloodless revolution carried out by the Protestant Parliament to overthrow King James II.
B) Ended the Dominion of New England.
C) James II/Dominion of New England
D) Colonial
Second Hundred Years War
A) An era of warfare from 1698 to the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815.
B) Spilled over to the colonies and resulted in deaths of Native Americans.
C) Napoleon/Britain
D) Colonial
Covenant Chain
A) Alliance between Iroquois, French and British Empires.
B) Served as a model for relations between the British and Native Americans.
C) Alliance/Iroquois
D) Colonial
Middle Passage
A) A dangerous and unhealthy passage that took slaves from Africa to the Americas.
B) Relocated and transported many Africans.
C) Slave trade/Danger
D) Colonial
Stono Rebellion
A) The largest Slave uprising of the 18th century.
B) Largest revolt, and resulted in harsher slave conditions/laws.
C) Revolt/S. Carolina
D) Colonial
Gentility
A) A refined and elaborate lifestyle in the colonies.
B) Highly desired by "well off" English families.
C) Money/High Class
D) Colonial
Patronage
A) Practice of giving offices and salaries to political allies.
B) A way to ensure votes. (bribery)
C) Bribery/Politics
D) Colonial
Land banks
A) An institution established by the colonial legislature, it printed paper money and lent it to farmers and took liens out on their land to ensure repayment.
B) Farmers were able to purchase more, and increase production which increased trade.
C) Money/Trade
D) Colonial
Competency
A) The ability of a family to keep a household independent and to be able to pass that ability on to the next generation.
B) Helped the next generation survive.
C) independent/successful
D) Colonial
household mode of production
A) A system where the freeholders would trade goods and services with each other.
B) Eliminated the need to purchase certain goods.
C) trade/barter
D) Colonial
Squatters
A) Frontier farmers who illegally occupied land owned by others or land not yet officially opened for settlement.
B) Early settlers of N Carolina were mainly squatters.
C) Illegal/N Carolina
D) Colonial
Redemptioner system
A) Instead of negotiating Contracts for service before leaving Europe people paid what they could and if they couldn't raise the rest they were sold into labor
B) Brought many Germans over to the colonies.
C) Labor/Germans
D) Colonial
natural rights
A) The idea that everyone has inborn, unalienable rights to life, liberty and property.
B) Gave people an amount of rights.
C) Freedom/Rights/Locke
D) Colonial
John Locke
A) An English philosopher, who believed in Natural Rights.
B) One of the most influential thinkers of the Enlightenment Era.
C) Enlightenment/Philosopher
D) Colonial
Old Lights
A) Orthodox members of the clergy who believed that the new ways preaching were unnecessary.
B) Older members of the church.
C) Old/Orthodox
D) Colonial
New Lights
A) Modern-thinking members of the clergy who strongly believed in the Great Awakening.
B) People sometimes suffered persecution because of their beliefs.
C) Great Awakening/New Ideals
D) Colonial
Deism
A) Acceptance of God and their existence but they were considered a remote being who did't meddle in earths problems.
B) Led to the second Great Awakening
C) Great Awakening/God
D) Colonial
Great Awakening (1st)
A) A period of religious revival in the america's.
B) Sharp increase of religious activity.
C) Religion/Frontier Revival
D) Colonial
George Whitefield
A) A preacher who traveled through the colonies during the Great Awakening, and set off a great surge of religious enthusiasm.
B) Helped spread the Great Awakening
C) Great Awakening/Preacher
D) Colonial
Revival
A) Increased spiritual interest.
B) Helped restore the church.
C) Church/Congregation
D) Colonial
Benjamin Franklin
A) One of the founding father's of the US.
B) He was a leading political figure and helped shape the US.
C) Politician/Author
D) Colonial