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Articles of Confederation
National documents predating the Constitution
"The Congress was responsible for conducting foreign affairs, declaring war or peace, maintaining an army and navy and a variety of other lesser functions. But the Articles denied Congress the power to collect taxes, regulate interstate commerce and enforce laws."
Central Intelligence Agency
"an independent agency responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior US policymakers" -CIA.gov
Executive Office of President
Immediate and Support staff of president, headed by White House Chief of Staff
Federal Reserve Board
(WW) , A seven-member board that sets member banks reserve requirements, controls the discount rate, and makes other economic decisions.
article supporting the ratification of the constitution, instructs on how to guard against factions. written by James Madison
article supporting the ratification of the constitution, checks and balances and separation of powers. written by James Madison
Federalists v. Anti-Federalists
Support of the Ratification of the Constitution vs. Needs for the protection of individual rights
Fourth Branch of Government
The Bureaucracy: hierarchical authority, job specialization, formalized rules
House Majority Leader
Second in command of house, organizes debates on bills, and lines up legislative support
How a Bill Becomes a Law
Standing Committee->House/Senate Floor->Conference Committee-> Bicameral Vote-> President Approval
House Judiciary Committee Approves, House Votes on issues of Impeachment, Senate votes on conviction
Independent Regulatory Agency
Agencies created by congress, outside of president's control, have executive power
John Locke (Second Treatise of Civil Government)
You give up some natural rights in exchange for proper government. If government does not represent your best interest you should rebel.
Ability of Supreme court to determine constitutionality of legislature/actions of government
National Party Convention
Gathering held to elect/announce presidential candidate for political party
Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness
Inalienable Rights that no government should deny
Securities and Exchange Commission
protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation. -SEC.gov
Speaker of the House
Chosen from majority party in the house, most powerful position. Assigns bills to committees, sets time limits, picks members of conference committee
Strict vs. Loose Interpretation of Constitution
Whig vs. Stewardship
President should only do what is expressly allowed within the constitution vs. President should do all that is necessary and not forbidden by the constitution
Representative: 2 years
President: 4 years
Senator: 6 years
Supreme Court Justice: Indefinite (unless convicted of treason)
War Powers Act
Under this act President must notify congress of military action within 48 hours
Must withdraw troops within 60 days if authorization is not given by congress
30 days to institute withdrawl
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