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History Chapter 5 Study Guide

Greek Civilization
STUDY
PLAY
Who was a commander in the army at 16 and a king at 20?
Alexander
What is a traditional story about gods and heroes?
myth
Who is considered by some to be the greatest historian of the ancient world?
Thucydides
Who taught that the universe followed the same rules a music and numbers?
Pythagoras
What country is Greece's northern neighbor?
Macedonia
Who taught that happiness came from reason and doing one's duty?
Stoics
Who taught that there was no absolute right and wrong?
Sophists
Who were the dramatists who used painted scenery and three actors to tell a story?
Sophocles
What is the highest mountain in Greece?
Mount Olympus
When was a time when Greek culture spread throughout the non-Greek world?
Hellenistic Era
Who said, "Give me a lever and a place to stand, and I will move the earth"?
Archimedes
Who thought that governments should be headed by philosopher-kings?
Plato
Who freed the Greek cities in Asia Minor from Persian rule?
Alexander the Great
The Greeks hoped to earn the favor of their gods and goddesses by performing
rituals
Philip II got some Greek cities to join him by ________them.
conquering, inviting, and bribing
Who told King Ptolemy that "There is no royal way to learn geometry"?
Euclid
This Macedonian king loved Greek culture and planned to conquer Persia.
Philip II
Homer's epic, the Iliad, is about________.
The Trojan War
Who was the goddess of wisdom and crafts?
Athena
Herodotus wrote___________.
the History of the Persian Wars.
Who did the Greeks call the god of the underworld?
Hades
Zeus is Aphrodite's ___________.
father
Artemis is the goddess of __________
the hunt and wild animals.
Who, according to Homer, are angry with each other?
Achilles and the son of Atreus
What was the result of Achilles' anger for the Achaeans?
countless ills
What does "many a hero did it yield a prey to dogs and vultures" mean?
Many heroes died
What are some of the areas of our lives that ancient Greek culture still has influence over today?
Architecture, art, math, entertainment, government, literature
Why did Socrates disagree with the Sophists?
Sophist believe there is no absolute good or evil.
Socrates believe there is absolute truth, goodness, and evil do exist.