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History Chapter 5 Study Guide

Greek Civilization
Who was a commander in the army at 16 and a king at 20?
What is a traditional story about gods and heroes?
Who is considered by some to be the greatest historian of the ancient world?
Who taught that the universe followed the same rules a music and numbers?
What country is Greece's northern neighbor?
Who taught that happiness came from reason and doing one's duty?
Who taught that there was no absolute right and wrong?
Who were the dramatists who used painted scenery and three actors to tell a story?
What is the highest mountain in Greece?
Mount Olympus
When was a time when Greek culture spread throughout the non-Greek world?
Hellenistic Era
Who said, "Give me a lever and a place to stand, and I will move the earth"?
Who thought that governments should be headed by philosopher-kings?
Who freed the Greek cities in Asia Minor from Persian rule?
Alexander the Great
The Greeks hoped to earn the favor of their gods and goddesses by performing
Philip II got some Greek cities to join him by ________them.
conquering, inviting, and bribing
Who told King Ptolemy that "There is no royal way to learn geometry"?
This Macedonian king loved Greek culture and planned to conquer Persia.
Philip II
Homer's epic, the Iliad, is about________.
The Trojan War
Who was the goddess of wisdom and crafts?
Herodotus wrote___________.
the History of the Persian Wars.
Who did the Greeks call the god of the underworld?
Zeus is Aphrodite's ___________.
Artemis is the goddess of __________
the hunt and wild animals.
Who, according to Homer, are angry with each other?
Achilles and the son of Atreus
What was the result of Achilles' anger for the Achaeans?
countless ills
What does "many a hero did it yield a prey to dogs and vultures" mean?
Many heroes died
What are some of the areas of our lives that ancient Greek culture still has influence over today?
Architecture, art, math, entertainment, government, literature
Why did Socrates disagree with the Sophists?
Sophist believe there is no absolute good or evil.
Socrates believe there is absolute truth, goodness, and evil do exist.