22 terms

Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

STUDY
PLAY
Copernicus
an astronomer who discovered that the sun was at the center of the universe, not the earth
Galileo
an astronomer who found evidence that the sun was at the center of the universe, not earth. He wrote books about this but was tried before the Inquisition because he was a practicing Catholic and his ideas went against the church
Bacon
a scientist who challenged the church and wanted to discover the truth. He learned by experiments and observations
Descartes
a scientist who challenged the church and wanted to discover the truth. He learned by human reasoning
Scientific Method
a step by step method that guided scientists while performing experiments
Hypothesis
an educated guess that provided a direction for scientists experiments
Boyle
a chemist who refined the alchemists views on building blocks and made new discoveries about matter
Natural Law
a law that is universal and determined by nature
Thomas Hobbes
believed in a strong government that was involved in everything. he believed that people are naturally evil and that with out a government life would be a state of nature, total chaos
John Locke
believed in limited government. believed that people were naturally good and he believed that people and government had duties and obligations to each other
Social Contract
If people obey the laws of the government, the government will protect their rights
Natural Rights
life, liberty, property
Montesquieu
created the idea that the government should be broken into three branches and the idea of checks and balances
Voltaire
an outspoken philosopher who got in trouble for a lot of things he said because he wasn't afraid to say anything
Diderot
wrote the 28-book set of the encyclopedia. he included enlightened ideas and ideas of important philosophers
Rousseau
believed in limited government and was the main man behind the social contract theory
Laissez Faire
less government involvement in economics, business and trade
Adam Smith
argued for a free market
Salon
informal social gatherings where people came together to discuss ideas
Enlightened Despots
absolute rulers who adapted enlightened ideas about religion, censorship, property and torture so that they wouldnt get overthrown
Main Idea Behind the Scientific Revolution
the physical world can be known, managed and shaped by people
Main Idea Behind the Enlightenment
Through the use of reason, the government can solve every social, political and economic problem