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an astronomer who discovered that the sun was at the center of the universe, not the earth


an astronomer who found evidence that the sun was at the center of the universe, not earth. He wrote books about this but was tried before the Inquisition because he was a practicing Catholic and his ideas went against the church


a scientist who challenged the church and wanted to discover the truth. He learned by experiments and observations


a scientist who challenged the church and wanted to discover the truth. He learned by human reasoning

Scientific Method

a step by step method that guided scientists while performing experiments


an educated guess that provided a direction for scientists experiments


a chemist who refined the alchemists views on building blocks and made new discoveries about matter

Natural Law

a law that is universal and determined by nature

Thomas Hobbes

believed in a strong government that was involved in everything. he believed that people are naturally evil and that with out a government life would be a state of nature, total chaos

John Locke

believed in limited government. believed that people were naturally good and he believed that people and government had duties and obligations to each other

Social Contract

If people obey the laws of the government, the government will protect their rights

Natural Rights

life, liberty, property


created the idea that the government should be broken into three branches and the idea of checks and balances


an outspoken philosopher who got in trouble for a lot of things he said because he wasn't afraid to say anything


wrote the 28-book set of the encyclopedia. he included enlightened ideas and ideas of important philosophers


believed in limited government and was the main man behind the social contract theory

Laissez Faire

less government involvement in economics, business and trade

Adam Smith

argued for a free market


informal social gatherings where people came together to discuss ideas

Enlightened Despots

absolute rulers who adapted enlightened ideas about religion, censorship, property and torture so that they wouldnt get overthrown

Main Idea Behind the Scientific Revolution

the physical world can be known, managed and shaped by people

Main Idea Behind the Enlightenment

Through the use of reason, the government can solve every social, political and economic problem

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