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Cell Parts

cell parts
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prokaryote
an organism without a nucleus
eukaryote
an organism with a nucleus
organelle
an organized structure within a cell with a specific function
nucleus
controls most of the cell's activities
bacteria
prokaryote example
nuclear membrane
controls what moves into and out of the nucleus
cell membrane
controls what moves into and out of the cell
cell wall
protects and supports the cell (plants only)
cytoplasm
holds cell organelles
plant
eukaryote example 1
chloroplast
makes food
mitochondria
produces energy
animal
eukaryote example 2
ribosomes
makes proteins
endoplasmic reticulum
transports materials inside the cell
Golgi body
packages and stores chemicals to be released
fungi
eukaryote example 3
vacuole
stores nutrients and waste products
nucleolus
makes ribosomes
chromatin/chromosomes
contains genetic information
cytoskeleton
gives the cell its shape
centrioles
helps in cell division
lysosomes
contains digestive enzymes that break down large molecules
protist
eukaryote example 4
cell plate
during cytokinesis, the new cell wall that begins to form in the middle, dividing the two sides
cilia
hairlike structures with the capacity for movement
nuclear pore
a minute hole in the nuclear membrane
plastid
stores food or contains pigment
microtubule
cylinders that support and give the cell shape
flagella
long hairlike structures used for movement
suicide sacks
lysosomes nickname 1
clean up crew
lysosomes nickname 2
powerhouse
mitochondria nickname
headquarters
nucleus nickname
has ribosomes
rough er
no ribosomes
smooth er