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74 terms

Schloetter Senior English Final

Vocab Review for Schloetter English Final
STUDY
PLAY
cynicism
n. 1. An attitude of scornful or jaded negativity, especially a general distrust of the integrity or professed motives of others: the public cynicism aroused by governmental scandals.
metaphysics
n. 1. Philosophy The branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, substance and attribute, fact and value.
immaterial
adj. 1. Of no importance or relevance; inconsequential or irrelevant.2. Having no material body or form.
indignation
n. Anger aroused by something unjust, mean, or unworthy.
Gorgon
n. 1. Greek Mythology Any of the three sisters Stheno, Euryale, and the mortal Medusa who had snakes for hair and eyes that if looked into turned the beholder into stone. 2. gorgon A woman regarded as ugly or terrifying.
apoplexy
n. 1. Sudden impairment of neurological function, especially that resulting from a cerebral hemorrhage; a stroke. 2. A fit of extreme anger; rage
ward
n. 1. A division of a city or town, especially an electoral district, for administrative and representative purposes. 2. A person under the protection or care of another.
surmise
v.tr. To infer (something) without sufficiently conclusive evidence. v.intr. To make a guess or conjecture. n. An idea or opinion based on insufficiently conclusive evidence; a conjecture.
pessimism
n. 1. A tendency to stress the negative or unfavorable or to take the gloomiest possible view.
vacillate
intr.v. 1. To sway from one side to the other; oscillate. 2. To swing indecisively from one course of action or opinion to another.
quixotic
adj. 1. Caught up in the romance of noble deeds and the pursuit of unreachable goals; idealistic without regard to practicality. 2. Capricious; impulsive.
misanthrope
n. One who hates or mistrusts humankind.
neologism
n. 1. A new word, expression, or usage.
precept
n. 1. A rule or principle prescribing a particular course of action or conduct.
canonical
adj. 1. Of, relating to, or required by canon law. 2. Conforming to orthodox or well-established rules or patterns, as of procedure.
impetuous
adj. 1. Characterized by sudden and forceful energy or emotion; impulsive and passionate. 2. Having or marked by violent force: impetuous, heaving waves
philanthropic
adj. 1. Of, relating to, or marked by philanthropy; humanitarian.
arduous
adj. 1. Demanding great effort or labor; difficult. 2. Testing severely the powers of endurance; strenuous.
machination
n. 1. The act of plotting. 2. A crafty scheme or cunning design for the accomplishment of a sinister end.
christening
n. The Christian sacrament of baptizing and naming an infant
effrontery
n. Brazen boldness; presumptuousness.
skepticism
n. 1. A doubting or questioning attitude or state of mind; dubiety.
credulity
n. A disposition to believe too readily.
insuperable
adj. Impossible to overcome; insurmountable
mercenary
adj. 1. Motivated solely by a desire for monetary or material gain.
tutelage
n. 1. The capacity or activity of a guardian; guardianship.
perambulator
n. Chiefly British A baby carriage.
capacious
adj. Capable of containing a large quantity; spacious or roomy.
Abject
adj. 1. Brought low in condition or status. 2. Being of the most contemptible kind: abject cowardice. 3. Being of the most miserable kind; wretched: abject poverty.
Burgeon
intr.v. 1. a. To put forth new buds, leaves, or greenery; sprout.
decant
tr.v. 1. To pour off (wine, for example) without disturbing the sediment.
sententious
adj. 1. Terse and energetic in expression; pithy. Given to pompous moralizing.
posthumous
adj. 1. Occurring or continuing after one's death: a posthumous award.
viviparous
adj. 1. Zoology Giving birth to living offspring that develop within the mother's body. Most mammals and some other animals are viviparous. 2. .
hypnopedia
n 1. Sleep-teaching
indefatigable
adj. Incapable or seemingly incapable of being fatigued; tireless.
maudlin
adj. Effusively or tearfully sentimental:
surreptitious
adj. 1. Obtained, done, or made by clandestine or stealthy means.2. Acting with or marked by stealth.
furtive
adj. 1. Characterized by stealth; surreptitious. 2. Expressive of hidden motives or purposes; shifty.
ectogenesis
n. 1. The growth process of embryonic tissue placed in an artificial environment, as a test tube.
imperious
adj. 1. Arrogantly domineering or overbearing. 2. Urgent; pressing.
ruminate
To turn a matter over and over in the mind.
derision
n. 1. a. Contemptuous or jeering laughter; ridicule.
asceticism
n. 1. The principles and practices of an ascetic; extreme self-denial and austerity.
atonement
n. 1. Amends or reparation made for an injury or wrong; expiation.
prone
adj. 1. Lying with the front or face downward.
supine
adj. 1. Lying on the back or having the face upward.
satiety
n. The condition of being full or gratified beyond the point of satisfaction; surfeit.
decorum
n. 1. Appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety.
inexorable
adj. Not capable of being persuaded by entreaty; relentless.
precipice
n. 1. An overhanging or extremely steep mass of rock, such as a crag or the face of a cliff. 2. The brink of a dangerous or disastrous situation: on the precipice of defeat.
unorthodox
adj. Breaking with convention or tradition; not orthodox.
plait
n. 1. A braid, especially of hair. 2. A pleat. tr.v.
incredulous
adj. 1. Skeptical; disbelieving: incredulous of stories about flying saucers. 2. Expressive of disbelief: an incredulous stare.
lecherous
adj. Lustful.
heretical
adj. 1. Of or relating to heresy or heretics.2. Characterized by, revealing, or approaching departure from established beliefs or standards.
scatology
n. pl. 1. The study of fecal excrement, as in medicine, paleontology, or biology.
tête-à-tête
adv. & adj. Without the intrusion of a third person; in intimate privacy. A private conversation between two persons.
magnanimous
adj. 1. Courageously noble in mind and heart. Generous in forgiving; eschewing resentment or revenge; unselfish.
wanton
adj. 1. Immoral or unchaste; lewd. 2. a. Gratuitously cruel; merciless.
paroxysm
n. 1. A sudden outburst of emotion or action
superfluous
adj. Being beyond what is required or sufficient.
mercurial
adj. Quick and changeable in temperament; volatile: a mercurial nature.
crestfallen
adj. Dispirited and depressed; dejected.
scrim
n. 1. A durable, loosely woven cotton or linen fabric used for curtains or upholstery lining or in industry.
laconic
adj. Using or marked by the use of few words; terse or concise.
trepidation
n. 1. A state of alarm or dread; apprehension. 2. An involuntary trembling or quivering.
valise
n. A small piece of hand luggage.
philander
To carry on a sexual affair, especially an extramarital affair, with a woman one cannot or does not intend to marry. Used of a man.
remiss
adj. 1. Lax in attending to duty; negligent. 2. Exhibiting carelessness or slackness.
invalid
n. One who is incapacitated by a chronic illness or disability.
implacable
adj. Impossible to placate or appease: implacable foes; implacable suspicion.
spite
n. 1. Malicious ill will prompting an urge to hurt or humiliate.2. An instance of malicious feeling.
requiem
n. 1. a. A mass for a deceased person.b. A musical composition for such a mass.