AP World History Chapter 9
Terms in this set (50)
Ashoka Maurya (Definition)
Mauryan emporer, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya
Ashoka Maurya (Significance)
Ruled high point of Mauryan empire, established tight bureaucracy
Vardhamana Maurya (Definition)
Founder of Jainism
Vardhamana Maurya (Significance)
Challenged caste and social system. Preached Nonviolence. Created Idea that you don't need priests for salvation. Challenged upper classes, upset social balance.
Chandragupta Maurya (Definition)
1st Indian Emporer
Chandragupta Maurya (Significance)
Laid foundation for centralized government (used spies & tight bureaucracy)
Subcastes made up of professionals
Shaped social life (live together, intermarry, develop judicial systems, expel members, take care of each other)
Gupta Dynasty (Definition)
Gupta Dynasty (Significance)
Re-unified India under centralized government (regional rulers), stability, allowed math and science development, supported Hinduism growth
Mauryan Dynasty (Definition)
1st Indian Dynasty
Mauryan Dynasty (Significance)
Unified small kingdoms, developed centralized style of government (similar to Persians)
Passive religion inspired by Upanishads, believed everything had a soul.
Did not recognize caste system, not practical, influenced Buddhism with doctrine of ahimsa.
Love and adventure story
Outlined social behavior/qualities of women (weak, subordinate), significant Hindi teachings (how a couple should act)
Book on government policies written by Kautalya
Established common policies of Mauryan empire, codified policies and laws.
Bodh Gaya (Definition)
Place where Buddha was supposedly enlightened (sat for 49 days under a tree)
Bodh Gaya (Significance)
Created holy site for Buddhist pilgrimages, tangible place to spread Buddhism
Warriors and aristocrats, second caste tier
Supported Hinduism (because it justifies actions and gave them power), Helped run India
Epic of conflicted Soldier and Vishnu
Taught people to accept caste & caste duties & to be content with them
Atheist religious sect
Dispelled idea of god(s) and believed they were made up. Challenged religious norms at the time, religion of equality
Advisor for Chandragupta Maurya
Helped create government system of Mauryan dynasty. Oversaw administration. Built bureaucracy.
Bhagavad Gita (Definition)
Bhagavad Gita (Significance)
Illustrated caste responsibilities, reinforced caste system
Chariot driver, actually Vishnu; (Story from Epic)
Promoted love and devotion, emphasized that caste duty completion will help one reach salvation.
White Huns (Definition)
Nomads from Central Asia
White Huns (Significance)
Launched decline of Gupta dynasty. Lead to long period of regional kingdoms.
"The Greater Vehicle"; more relaxed form of Buddhism, (worship Buddha as God, accepting monetary gifts, delaying Nirvana)
Made buddhism more accessible, easier to follow.
Perfect spiritual independence, reaching salvation and enlightenment, escaping reincarnation.
Motivating force behind Buddha's doctrine.
Deer Park of Sarnath (Definition)
Where Buddha gave main sermon "Turning Wheel of the World"
Deer Park of Sarnath (Significance)
Major public announcement, holy site, promotes cross-cultural interaction
Priestly caste, top caste
Enforced caste system with power and wealth. Supported Hinduism. Were necessary for Salvation.
Kushan Empire (Definition)
Nomadic conquerors from central Asia
Kushan Empire (Significance)
Caused issues for Bactrian rulers with raids, kept silk roads safe when in power.
Primary God of Hinduism, preserver of the World
Source of key Hindu ideas, inspiration, divine aspect, linked Buddhism to Hinduism, became unifying God of Hinduism
Lowest caste, serfs
Became more significant with economic development, main converts to Buddhism and Jainism, source of Labor in India
Noble Eightfold Path (Definition)
Buddhist doctrine that states one should live a balanced life without desire or extreme asceticism.
Noble Eighfold Path (Significance)
Served as an outline for Buddhist beliefs, put Buddhist beliefs into practice, brought popularity