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SOC 100 Exam 1
Terms in this set (31)
4 perspectives on human behavior
Biological, Psychological, Social, Cultural
The sociological imagination
Personal problems are transformed into public issues
3 theoretical approaches
Functionalist, Conflict, Symbolic interactionist
-A society is viewed as a stable orderly system.
-Society is compost of interrelated parts.
-Focuses on the group as a whole.
-Individuals are responsible for their achievements as well as their failures.
-Groups in society are engaged in a continuous power struggle for control of scarce resources.
-Society is characterized by social inequality.
-Focuses on competition among the parts.
-Individuals are not responsible for their achievements and failures.
-Focuses on the specific interaction among people.
-Focuses on interpersonal communication in micro-level social settings.
-Focuses on how people create reality (how they make sense of everyday lives)
Ways of knowing
Assumptions of Science
- All perceptions are achieved through senses
- People can trust their perceptions, memory, and reasoning
Do scientists seek ultimate truth?
Most said yes, but no
Do scientists believe that peoples perceptions memory and reasoning are infaliable?
Cause + Effect
Criteria for a cause:
1. Establish correlation between IV and DV
2. The criteria must occur earlier than the DV
3. The relationship cannot be explained away by a 3rd variable
A trivial or meaningless correlation
Summary of Research Methods
1. Science is just one way people attempt to make sense of their worlds
2. Sociologists use science to establish scientific truth NOT ultimate truth
3. We study causes and consequences of peoples beliefs and behaviors.
Culture and its elements
The ways of thinking, acting, and material objects that together form people's ways of life
The physical creations that members of a society make, use, share
Symbols, language, values, norms
Language shapes the view of reality of its speakers
"The worlds in which different societies live are distinct worlds not meerly the same worlds with different labels attached."
Cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population
Cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted in a society
The practice of judging another culture by the standards of ones own culture and assuming that ones own culture and the way of life are superior to all others
The practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards
Functional, conflict, sociobiology
Clicker: Have things in the US gotten better?
50% said no
Clicker: Which society has the must culture?
Queen Ann Game
We use previous learning experiences to help us solve new problems
- Once we have learned how to solve problems in a particular way, it is difficult to change the way we solve them
The study of how biology affects human behavior
The study of how learning affects human behavior
Anatomy is destiny
Cooley's looking-glass self
A self image based on how we think others see us
"Each to each a looking glass reflects the other that doth pass"
Agents of socialization
Family, school, peers, mass media
Brainwashing - the process by which people abandon their old selves and develop new ones
Voluntary and involuntary
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