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14 terms

Carbon Chemistry- Lesson 2

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carbon
_______ compounds include gases, solids, and liquids. 90% of all known compounds contain this.
organic
means of living things
organic
Many _______ compounds have similar properties such as low melting and boiling points.
hydrocarbon
a compound that contains only the elements carbon and hydrogen. Properties: flammable, when they burn they release a great deal of energy, mix poorly with water.
methane
Simplest hydrocarbon is _______ - CH4
structural formula
shows the kind, number, and arrangement of atoms in a molecule. each dash represents a bond.
isomers
compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structural formulas.
2
_(#) carbon atoms can form a single, double, or triple bond.
saturated hydrocarbons
classified according to the type of bonds; has only a single bond; has the maximum number of hydrogen atoms possible on its carbon chain.
unsaturated hydrocarbons
have double or triple bonds; have fewer hydrogen atoms for each carbon atom than a saturated hydrocarbon does.
unsaturated
-ene or -yne
saturated
-ane
ethane
the simplest unsaturated hydrocarbon with one double bond
acetylene
used in welding