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48 terms

OLMA Theology Midterm

***Vocabulary Chapters 1-4***
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Agnosticism
religion that believes God's existence cannot be known/proven
Atheist
a person who denies the existence of God
Conscience
That inner-core of a woman. There she is alone with God who whispers to her heart.
Covenant
a binding and solemn agreement between human beings or between God and people
Faith
1. A gift given by God. One of the three theological virtues.
2. Belief in or personal knowledge of God.
Omnipotent
God is all-powerful
Original Sin
The inherited tendancy of humans to sin. It also refers to the sin of Adam and Eve.
Polytheistic
the religion(s) that believe in many gods and goddesses
Prophets
Comes fromm the Greek meaning "one who speaks before others". God entrusted the Hebrew prophets with delivering the divine message to rulers and the people.
Religion
1. Related to the Latin word meaning "reconnecting to the divine or binding to God".
2. How we express our love and adoration for God.
Deposit of Faith
"The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition, handed down in the church from the time of the Apostles, from which the Magisterium draws all that it propses for belief as being divinely revealed."
Divine Revelation
the way God communicates with human-kind, about knowledge of Himself
Dogma
a central truth of Revelation that catholics are obliged to believe
Magisterium
The official teaching authority of the church. It is the bishops and Pope.
Monotheistic
religion(s) that believe in only one God
Sacred Scripture
the written record of Divine Revelation found in the books of the Old Testament and the New Testament
Sacred Tradition
the church passing on the teachings of the apostles
Salvation History
the story of God's saving action in human history
Secularism
belief that religion should be excluded from civic affairs and public education
Theological Virtues
infused in our soul by God
Tradition
"handing down" from one generation to the next
Analogy of Faith
the unity "of the truths of the faith among themselves and within the whole plan of Revelation"
Church Father
a traditional title given to theologians of the first eight centuries whose teachings made a lasting mark on the church
Biblical Criticism
looking carefully at biblical texts in their historical and literary contexts
Exegesis
the process used by scholars to discover the meaning of the biblical text
Literal Sense (of the biblical text)
"the meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture and discovered by the exegesis, following the rules of sound interpretation."
Apocryphal
a Greek word that means "hidden"
Canon
the official list of inspired books of the Bible
Deuterocanonical
the Greek term for "second canon"
Idolatry
giving worship to something or someone other than the true God
Major Prophets
Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel; whose books in the Old Testament are quite lengthy
Minor Prophets
the twelve prophets of the Old Testament whose recorded sayings are much briefer than those of the major prophets
Septuagint
an important ancient Greek translation of the Old Testament
Anthropomorphism
a literary device in which human emotional qualities and physical traits are attributed to God
Enuma Elish
the Babylonian creation myth
Incarnation
That God assumed a human nature and became a man in order to save us from our sins (Jesus Christ, second person of Trinity).
Steward
a person that manages another's property and affairs; humans are stewards of God's creation
Prehistory
a period of time that refers to events or objects that date before the written record existed
Theophany
an appearance or manifestation of God, as when He "appeared" to Moses in a burning bush
Tabernacle
the portable sanctuary in which the Jews carried the Ark of the Covenant throughout their travels in the desert
Judges
military leaders of the Hebrews after they entered and settled in the Promised Land
Apostasy
the denial of God and repudiation of faith
Synagogues
meeting place for study and prayer introduced by the Pharisees to foster study of the Law and adherence to the covenant code
Irreligion
virtue of religion that directs us away from what we owe to God; injustice
Circumcision
the surgical removal of the male foreskin, it was the physical sign of the covenat between God and Abraham
Vice
The opposite of a virtue. It is a bad habit; an inner readiness to accomplish moral evil.
Virtue
A good habit; an inner readiness to accomplish moral good.
Literary Genre
A type of writting that has a particular form, style, or content.