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***Vocabulary Chapters 1-4***


religion that believes God's existence cannot be known/proven


a person who denies the existence of God


That inner-core of a woman. There she is alone with God who whispers to her heart.


a binding and solemn agreement between human beings or between God and people


1. A gift given by God. One of the three theological virtues.
2. Belief in or personal knowledge of God.


God is all-powerful

Original Sin

The inherited tendancy of humans to sin. It also refers to the sin of Adam and Eve.


the religion(s) that believe in many gods and goddesses


Comes fromm the Greek meaning "one who speaks before others". God entrusted the Hebrew prophets with delivering the divine message to rulers and the people.


1. Related to the Latin word meaning "reconnecting to the divine or binding to God".
2. How we express our love and adoration for God.

Deposit of Faith

"The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition, handed down in the church from the time of the Apostles, from which the Magisterium draws all that it propses for belief as being divinely revealed."

Divine Revelation

the way God communicates with human-kind, about knowledge of Himself


a central truth of Revelation that catholics are obliged to believe


The official teaching authority of the church. It is the bishops and Pope.


religion(s) that believe in only one God

Sacred Scripture

the written record of Divine Revelation found in the books of the Old Testament and the New Testament

Sacred Tradition

the church passing on the teachings of the apostles

Salvation History

the story of God's saving action in human history


belief that religion should be excluded from civic affairs and public education

Theological Virtues

infused in our soul by God


"handing down" from one generation to the next

Analogy of Faith

the unity "of the truths of the faith among themselves and within the whole plan of Revelation"

Church Father

a traditional title given to theologians of the first eight centuries whose teachings made a lasting mark on the church

Biblical Criticism

looking carefully at biblical texts in their historical and literary contexts


the process used by scholars to discover the meaning of the biblical text

Literal Sense (of the biblical text)

"the meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture and discovered by the exegesis, following the rules of sound interpretation."


a Greek word that means "hidden"


the official list of inspired books of the Bible


the Greek term for "second canon"


giving worship to something or someone other than the true God

Major Prophets

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel; whose books in the Old Testament are quite lengthy

Minor Prophets

the twelve prophets of the Old Testament whose recorded sayings are much briefer than those of the major prophets


an important ancient Greek translation of the Old Testament


a literary device in which human emotional qualities and physical traits are attributed to God

Enuma Elish

the Babylonian creation myth


That God assumed a human nature and became a man in order to save us from our sins (Jesus Christ, second person of Trinity).


a person that manages another's property and affairs; humans are stewards of God's creation


a period of time that refers to events or objects that date before the written record existed


an appearance or manifestation of God, as when He "appeared" to Moses in a burning bush


the portable sanctuary in which the Jews carried the Ark of the Covenant throughout their travels in the desert


military leaders of the Hebrews after they entered and settled in the Promised Land


the denial of God and repudiation of faith


meeting place for study and prayer introduced by the Pharisees to foster study of the Law and adherence to the covenant code


virtue of religion that directs us away from what we owe to God; injustice


the surgical removal of the male foreskin, it was the physical sign of the covenat between God and Abraham


The opposite of a virtue. It is a bad habit; an inner readiness to accomplish moral evil.


A good habit; an inner readiness to accomplish moral good.

Literary Genre

A type of writting that has a particular form, style, or content.

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