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19 terms

APEH - (23) Life in the Emerging Urban Society

19 words. Easy stuff.
antiseptic principle
By applying a chemical solution, a wound can be cured of infections.
sweated industries
poorly paid handicraft production, often by married women paid by the piece and working at home. It was barely profitable.
labor aristocracy
Consisted of highly specialized handicraft people. They remained in a state of flux, as previous crafts (wood, watch) disappeared and new ones (ships, railways) appeared. Members of this lived moral lives.
middle-class morality
hard work, discipline, and personal achievement marks this. Christian morality was integrated, stating that people were responsible for their own actions. A clear conscience was important.
Comte's positism
by applying the scientific method, the eternal laws of human relations could be discovered.
Social Darwinism & Herbert Spencer
Survival of the fittest is ever present in this race of specialization, progress and economic struggle. Just look at the poor wallowing in their ill fate; therefore, the prosperous will be chosen strong.
white-collar workers
middle class members who make meager sums of money (equivalent to that of the workers), but still faithful in class mobility, attaining professional status, and being recognized. Nurses, teachers, and dentists are some white collars that largely succeeded in this effort.
A branch of physics built on Newton's laws of mechanics that investigated the relationship between heat and mechanical energy. This only meant that the word is governed by firm, unchanging natural laws.
Edwin Chadwick
an Englishman who revamped public health in England.
Louis Pasteur
chemist who proposed the germ theory: Diseases are caused by microorganisms, and macroscopic animals like humans spread it. Diseases can be controlled. To stop germs, we apply pasteurization, or kill bacteria with heat.
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
This Frenchman proposed that all forms of life arose through continuous adjustment to the environment.
Charles Darwin
In a famous trip to the Galapagos island, this man proposed how evolution is really a "survival of the fittest."
Sigmund Freud
a Viennese psychoanalyst who proposed such ideas as son and father fights for mother's love, human behavior is motivated by unconscious emotional needs, and some unconscious psychological energy is sexual energy, repressed and controlled by rational thought and moral rules.
Emile Zola
This French author had an animalistic view of working class life. He sympathized with socialism in Germinal (1885).
Auguste Comte
This French social scientist believed that intellectual activity progresses through predictable stages.
George Eliot
Really a woman, this English person wrote on how people are shaped by their social mediums as well as inner strivings, wants, and choices.
Joseph Lister
This English Doctor saw that aerial bacteria swarm wounds. He proposed the antiseptic principle.
Baron Haussmann
This French dude revamped France's infrastructure from the ground up, clearing it of its unnecessaries.
Gustave Droz
This German man advocated like this, "women, follow your hearts in marriage. Marriage is the key to true happiness. Men, what a shame!"