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Psychology 8th Edition David G. Myers

Children are said to have an intellectual disability if they have difficulty adapting to the demands of independent living and have IQ scores below:

a) 60
b) 70
c) 80
d) 90
e) 100


Charles Spearman's g refers to:

a) general intelligence
b) grouped intelligence factors
c) genetic intelligence
d) generated creativity
e) generalized reliability


What would be true of a thermometer that always reads three degrees off?

a) It is valid but not reliable
b) it is both reliable and valid
c) It is neither reliable nor valid
d) It is not valid but you cannot determine if it is reliable from the information given.
e) It is reliable but not valid


In general, males score higher than females on tests of:

a) spelling
b) verbal fluency
c) emotion detection
d) spatial ability
e) sensitivity to touch, taste, and odor.


Achievement tests are to aptitude tests as:

a) verbal performance is to spatial performance.
b) elementary school skills are to secondary school skills
c) measurement is to prediction
d) reliability is to validity
e) general intelligence is to multiple intelligences.


Howard Gardner found evidence of multiple intelligences in individuals who scored low on intelligence but had an area of exceptional ability-- for example, to make complex calculations. These people have:

a) the Flynn effect
b) Savant Syndrome
c) advanced mental age
d) Wechsler Syndrome
e) intelligence heritability


Which of the following does Robert Sternberg include as a type of intelligence?

a) Naturalistic Intelligence
b) General Intelligence
c) Practical Intelligence
d) Savant Intelligence
e) Kinesthetic Intelligence


The Flynn effect refers to the:

a) superiority of certain racial and ethnic groups on intelligence tests
b) fact that male performance on math tests is more extreme (that is, more very high and very low scores) than is female performance.
c) stereotype threat that might cause some Black students to underperform on standardized tests.
d) predictive ability of intelligence tests
e) gradual improvement in intelligence test scores over the last several decades.


The ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions called:

a) interpersonal intelligence
b) general intelligence
c) practical intelligence
d) emotional intelligence
e) adaptive intelligence


Heritability of intelligence refers to:

a) the extent to which a person's intelligence is caused by genetics.
b) the effect of adoption on the intelligence of adopted children.
c) the amount of group variation in intelligence that can be attributed to genetics.
d) the extent to which the quality of schools and other environmental factors determine intelligence.
e) the correlation between intelligence test of identical twins.


The neurological basis of intelligence is most dependent on the:

a) overall number of neurons
b) quantity of specific neurotransmitters
c) development of the left hemisphere
d) development of the right hemisphere
e) number of synapses between neurons


The most widely used modern intelligence test was developed by:

a) Alfred Binet
b) Louis Terman
c) Robert Sternberg
d) David Wechsler
e) Howard Gardner


Students who do well on college entrance exams generally do well in college. This helps establish that these exams have:

a) predictive validity
b) split-half reliability
c) content validity
d) test-retest reliability
e) standard validity


The purpose of Alfred Binet's early intelligence test was to:

a) predict how children would do in school.
b) identify differences among ethnic and racial groups
c) help French graduates find the occupation in which they were most likely to succeed
d) establish the scientific definition of intelligence.
e) facilitate "genetic breeding" experiments.


The intelligence quotient compares a child's:

a) aptitude to his or her school performance
b) mental age to his or her chronological age
c) intelligence to his or her siblings intelligence
d) intelligence to his or her parents intelligence
e) math intelligence to his or her verbal intelligence


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