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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Etic
  2. Groupthink
  3. In-group and Out-group
  4. Long term orientation
  5. Ecological Validity
  1. a (us)
    The group to which an individual belongs.

    The group to which an individual does not belong.

    Study: Cialdini (1976)
  2. b Within cross-cultural psychology where behaviour is compared across specific cultures.
  3. c The study represents what happens in real life
  4. d Characterized by all members of a group having a unanimous opinion, not seeking the alternative or dissenting opinions.

    Study: Esser and Lindeorfer (1989)
  5. e These cultures value persistence, loyalty, and trustworthiness. Relationships based on status. They have a need to protect the collective identity and respect tradition.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Instead of focusing on truth, some cultures focus on virtue.
  2. A social perception of an individual in terms of group membership of physical attributes. OR Positive or negative generalizations that are made about a group and then attributed to the members of that group.
  3. From birth onwards, people are integrated into strong and cohesive in-groups that are usually their extended family that will be ready to support and protect each other.
  4. Behaviour patterns that are typical of specific groups. They are often passed down from generation to generation through observational learning by the gatekeepers of the group.
  5. people view behaviour as correct if they see others performing it.

5 True/False questions

  1. Social Identity TheoryAssume that individuals strive to improve their self image by trying to enhance their self-esteem, based on either personal identity or various social identities.
    Explains social phenomena, such as, ethnocentrism, in-group favoritism, stereotyping, conformity to in-group norms.


  2. Representative samplea small sample that represents a population


  3. RetentionThe observer must be able to remember the behaviour that has been observed from the model.


  4. ConformityAn indirect social influence in which a person adjusts one's thoughts, feelings, behaviors in agreement with someone else or with a social norm.

    Study: Asch (1951)


  5. ConsistencyThe model must behave in a way that is consistent across situations. Factor of motivation.