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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. ecological validity
  2. foot-in-the-door
  3. proxemics theory
  4. correlational study
  5. Positive correlation
  1. a Based on the culture's need for "personal space"
  2. b getting people to make a commitment to something small, with the hope of persuading them to agree to something larger.
    Petrova et al. = email surveys
  3. c whether the study represents what happens in real life
  4. d When both variables are affected in the same way.

    i.e.= The more you eat, the more you gain weight.
  5. e studies that aim to find a cause and effect relationship.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. using uniform procedures in every phase of the research process
  2. Instead of focusing on truth, some cultures focus on virtue.
  3. The observer has to be able to replicate.
  4. Characterized by all members of a group having a unanimous opinion, not seeking the alternative or dissenting opinions.

    Study: Esser and Lindeorfer (1989)
  5. Within cross-cultural psychology where behaviour is compared across specific cultures.

5 True/False questions

  1. StereotypeThe person must first pay attention to the model.

          

  2. Long term orientationThese cultures value persistence, loyalty, and trustworthiness. Relationships based on status. They have a need to protect the collective identity and respect tradition.

          

  3. stereotype threatoccurs when one is in a situation where there is a threat of being judged or treated stereotypically, or a fear of doing something that would inadvertently confirm that stereotype

          

  4. Confirmation BiasThis means that people tend to overlook information that contradicts what they already believe.

    Study: Snyder & Swann (1978)

          

  5. situational factorspersonal (internal) factors

          

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