5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- confounding variables
- spotlight anxiety
- Positive correlation
- random assignment
- a When both variables are affected in the same way.
i.e.= The more you eat, the more you gain weight.
- b undesirable variables that influence the relationship between the independent and dependent variables
- c Norms and values that define a society or social group.
- d Emotional distress and pressure that may undermine performance.
- e a sample in which every member of the target population has an equal chance of being selected
5 Multiple choice questions
- getting people to make a commitment to something small, with the hope of persuading them to agree to something larger.
Petrova et al. = email surveys
- Opportunities seem more valuable to people when they are less readily available.
- People can learn from what happens to others, they don't have to experience it themselves. Vicarious reinforcement .
- the results can be replicated
- personal (internal) factors
5 True/False questions
Individualism → Learners must want to demonstrate what they have learned.
proxemics theory → Based on the culture's need for "personal space"
Short term orientation → These cultures value personal steadiness and stability. There is a focus on the future instead of the past, and innovation is highly valued
natural experiment → when the variable of interest is naturally occurring outside the control of the researcher.
Normative Social Influence → Reasons why people conform. Based on the way people cognitively process information about a situation. (social comparison or cognitive dissonance)