5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Self-serving Bias
- Informational Social Influence
- Cultural Norms
- participant variability
- a Refers to the tendency of humans to attribute their successful behaviours to dispositional factors, and their unsuccessful behaviours to their situational factors.
Study: Lau & Russell (1980)
- b A compliance technique in which a request is made which will surely be turned down, and then is followed by a request that will ask less of someone.
Study: Cialdini et al (1975)
- c Reasons why people conform. Based on the way people cognitively process information about a situation. (social comparison or cognitive dissonance)
- d Behaviour patterns that are typical of specific groups. They are often passed down from generation to generation through observational learning by the gatekeepers of the group.
- e this is when characteristics of the sample affect the dependent variable.
5 Multiple choice questions
- also known as observer bias, this is when the experimenter sees what he or she is looking for.
- observation is a data collection method which aims to describe behavior, in a natural setting, without trying to establish a cause-and-effect relationship.
- occurs when one is in a situation where there is a threat of being judged or treated stereotypically, or a fear of doing something that would inadvertently confirm that stereotype
- A social perception of an individual in terms of group membership of physical attributes. OR Positive or negative generalizations that are made about a group and then attributed to the members of that group.
- getting people to make a commitment to something small, with the hope of persuading them to agree to something larger.
Petrova et al. = email surveys
5 True/False questions
Conformity → people comply more often with those in a position of authority
Liking the model → Warm and friendly models are more likely to be imitated.
Confucian work dynamism/Time orientation dimension → Instead of focusing on truth, some cultures focus on virtue.
Etic → Within cross-cultural psychology where behaviour is compared across specific cultures.
social proof → Idea that we learn about and assess ourselves in comparison to others. This suggests that we will be happier if we have more than the person we compare ourselves to.