5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- ecological validity
- proxemics theory
- correlational study
- Positive correlation
- a Based on the culture's need for "personal space"
- b getting people to make a commitment to something small, with the hope of persuading them to agree to something larger.
Petrova et al. = email surveys
- c whether the study represents what happens in real life
- d When both variables are affected in the same way.
i.e.= The more you eat, the more you gain weight.
- e studies that aim to find a cause and effect relationship.
5 Multiple choice questions
- using uniform procedures in every phase of the research process
- Instead of focusing on truth, some cultures focus on virtue.
- The observer has to be able to replicate.
- Characterized by all members of a group having a unanimous opinion, not seeking the alternative or dissenting opinions.
Study: Esser and Lindeorfer (1989)
- Within cross-cultural psychology where behaviour is compared across specific cultures.
5 True/False questions
Stereotype → The person must first pay attention to the model.
Long term orientation → These cultures value persistence, loyalty, and trustworthiness. Relationships based on status. They have a need to protect the collective identity and respect tradition.
stereotype threat → occurs when one is in a situation where there is a threat of being judged or treated stereotypically, or a fear of doing something that would inadvertently confirm that stereotype
Confirmation Bias → This means that people tend to overlook information that contradicts what they already believe.
Study: Snyder & Swann (1978)
situational factors → personal (internal) factors