5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- In-group and Out-group
- Long term orientation
- Ecological Validity
- a (us)
The group to which an individual belongs.
The group to which an individual does not belong.
Study: Cialdini (1976)
- b Within cross-cultural psychology where behaviour is compared across specific cultures.
- c The study represents what happens in real life
- d Characterized by all members of a group having a unanimous opinion, not seeking the alternative or dissenting opinions.
Study: Esser and Lindeorfer (1989)
- e These cultures value persistence, loyalty, and trustworthiness. Relationships based on status. They have a need to protect the collective identity and respect tradition.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Instead of focusing on truth, some cultures focus on virtue.
- A social perception of an individual in terms of group membership of physical attributes. OR Positive or negative generalizations that are made about a group and then attributed to the members of that group.
- From birth onwards, people are integrated into strong and cohesive in-groups that are usually their extended family that will be ready to support and protect each other.
- Behaviour patterns that are typical of specific groups. They are often passed down from generation to generation through observational learning by the gatekeepers of the group.
- people view behaviour as correct if they see others performing it.
5 True/False questions
Social Identity Theory → Assume that individuals strive to improve their self image by trying to enhance their self-esteem, based on either personal identity or various social identities.
Explains social phenomena, such as, ethnocentrism, in-group favoritism, stereotyping, conformity to in-group norms.
Representative sample → a small sample that represents a population
Retention → The observer must be able to remember the behaviour that has been observed from the model.
Conformity → An indirect social influence in which a person adjusts one's thoughts, feelings, behaviors in agreement with someone else or with a social norm.
Study: Asch (1951)
Consistency → The model must behave in a way that is consistent across situations. Factor of motivation.