1st 6 weeks Allusion Cards
Terms in this set (37)
a. noun - a son who brings heartache to his father
b. From the 3rd son of David, King of Israel. Exiled for three years before he was allowed to return to the court or see his royal father, Absolom plotted to cause a rebellion against his father to overtake the kingdom because he heard Solomon was to succeed David. When Absolom was killed in battle, king David grieved for his son in spite of his treachery against him.
a. noun - a vulnerable point
b. As a baby Achilles' mother dipped all but his heel into the river Styx to make him invulnerable to attack. Only his heel remained vulnerable. He was killed by Paris, under the guiding hand of Apollo, by a poisoned arrow shot through his heel.
d. Stopping by TCBY every day for a sundae turned out to be John's Achilles' heel.
a. adjective - very handsome or beautiful
b. From Adonis who was a handsome youth and loved by Aphrodite and Persephone) - killed while hunting by a wild boar (Ares who had turned himself into a boar). He was restored to Aphrodite from Hades.
d. Each time I see the movie "Pearl Harbor," it grows more difficult to decide which actor appears more Adonic, Ben Affleck or Josh Hartnett
a. adj. - masculine like
b. Mythical female warriors from Asia Minor - descendent of Ares. Burned off their right breasts to facilitate the use of bow
and arrow. Aided Trojans in Trojan War. Used men for breeding purposes only. (Queen Hippolyte in Midsummer Night's Dream - also reminds students of old movie called "Island of Women")
a. adj. - something extremely pleasing to taste or smell - dessert salad - oranges/coconut; honey flavored
b. food of Greek/Roman gods - gave them eternal youth. (Drink of nectar)
a. adj. or noun - exciting desire; stimulating
b. from Aphrodite's (goddess of love, beauty) girdle: gives beauty, grace, elegance, excited love, rekindled passion
a. adj. or noun - any class of anthropods - spiders, scorpions, mites, or ticks
b. from Greek Arachne, meaning spider. Arachne was a skillful weaver challenged by Athena to a weaving contest, and when they finished evenly matched (tied), Athena (Minerva) destroyed Arachne's tapestry, so Arachne hanged herself, but Athena turned Arachne into a spider.
a. noun - an adventurer engaged in a quest
b. one of a band of heroes (Jason's crew) sailing with the warrior Jason in quest of the Golden Fleece, which gave one invincibility. Argo is the name of their ship.
a. noun - a watchful guardian
b. a hundred-eyed monster only two of which were close together. (Born of earth) Guardian of Io, moon of Jupiter, whom Zeus had turned into a white heifer at Hera's insistence. Killed by Hermes; Hera saw to it that his eyes were placed in a peacock's tail. (There is a bird named after him in Africa.)
a. noun or adj. - practical thinking
b. relating to Aristotle, Greek philosopher and student of Plato (who taught Alexander the Great), or his philosophy - practically, logically, investigation of concrete and particular things, situations, etc.
a. noun - evil; a vast, decisive conflict; a battle
b. a final and conclusive battle between the forces of good and
evil foretold in Revelation 16. (no s on Revelation)
a. noun - barbarian; rough leader
b. King of the Huns from 433-453 and the most successful of the barbarian invaders of the Roman Empire.
a. noun - one who bears a heavy burden
b. a Titan (king) who supported the Titans against Zeus and was punished by having to carry the weight of the world on his shoulders. Perseus eventually turned him into stone.
a. adj. - dawn
b. from Aurora - goddess of dawn
a. noun - a self-satisfied person concerned chiefly with business and middle-class ideals like material success a member of the American working class whose unthinking attachment to its business and social ideals is such to make him a model of narrow-mindedness and self-satisfaction;
b. after George F. Babbitt, the main character in the novel Babbitt by Sinclair Lewis
a. noun - a place devoted to materialism and the pursuit of sensual pleasure
b. a city in the Bible of great wealth and sensual pleasure
a. adj. or noun - a drunken feast, orgy
b. a Roman festival of Bacchus celebrated with dancing, song, and revelry -named after Bacchus (Dionysus) Greek god of wine.
a. noun - murderer
b. son of Adam and Eve and the jealous murderer of his own brother Able in Genesis, Chap. 4
a. noun - musical instrument - organ - whistle - steam, compressed air
b. Muse of eloquence and epic poetry, Calliope. (One of nine Greek Muses.) She would tell of heroes and their deeds and could play any musical instrument.
a. noun - place of rest or haven; paradise; Promised Land
b. ancient region corresponding vaguely to Israel. God promised this
ancient land to Abraham.
a. noun - a double-natured person; wild, barbaric disorderly conduct.
b. one of a race fabled to be half man and half horse - lived in the mountains in Greece. Centaurs were shaped by Zeus to resemble Hera. They once went to a wedding uninvited, drunk, and tried to carry off the bride. A fight resulted and some centaurs were killed while others were driven off.
a. noun - excessive or blind patriotism; undue partiality or attachment to a group (males) or place.
b. Nicolas Chauvin was a French soldier in 1815, who was excessively
patriotic and especially devoted to Napoleon. (There is a play written about him)
a. adj. - imaginary, visionary; existing only as a product of imagination; improbable, wildly fantastic schemes.
b. Chimera - imaginary she-monster; fire breathing daughter of Typha. She has three heads - head of glowering lion, head of snake, and head of goat. (or other legends say head of lion, torso of goat, and hind-third of a serpent)
a. noun - strong desire, lust (inordinate or unreasonable desire) for wealth; avarice, greed.
b. son of Roman god of love and passion Venus - and Mars. Cupid is
depicted naked with wings and a bow and arrow.
a. noun or adj. - fault-finding critic; a person who believes human conduct
is motivated by self-interest.
b. from ancient Greek School of Philosophers (4th cent.) who held that virtue is the only good and its essence is in self-control and independence. (Greek word - kynikos meaning like a dog)
a. noun - seductive, treacherous woman.
b. Samson's mistress who betrayed him to Philistines; she tempted Samson and cut his hair so he would lose his strength. (Book of Judges, Ch. 16).
a. adj. - blissful; delightful
b. from Elysian Fields in the Lower World - home of the blessed or purified after death.
a noun or adj. - one with sensitive descriptive taste - gourmet; fond of luxuries and sensual pleasures.
b. from Epicurus - Greek philosopher - hedonistic philosopher - believed the chief good in life was pleasure. Believed in emotional calm, the highest good was intellectual pleasures, etc.
a. noun - anything that threatens or destroys its creator
b. from the young scientist in Mary Shelly's novel of this name, who created a monster that eventually destroys him
a. noun - a pure and noble man with limited ambition
b. in the legends of King Arthur, the purest and most virtuous knight of the Round Table, the only knight to find the Holy Grail
a. noun/verb - to divide into electoral districts to give unfair advantage to one political party; to manipulate unfairly.
b. from Gov. of Mass. in 1812, Elbridge Gerry + salamander - the shape of his electoral district formed during his term as governor.
a. noun - a place of unusual, intensive suffering, or sacrifice.
b. Calvary, a place outside of Jerusalem where Christ was crucified.
a. noun - a giant
b. Champion of the Philistines - killed by young David with a slingshot and a rock. (I Samuel, Ch. 17)
a. adj. - a difficult problem; an intricate problem.
b. Knot tied by Gordius, king of Phrygia, which was held to be incapable of being untied only by future ruler of Asia. It was cut by Alexander the Great with his sword.
a. noun - ugly, repulsive woman.
b. The Gorgons were three extraordinarily ugly sisters
Medusa, Sthena, and Euryle. One glance from Medusa would turn the beholder into stone. Their hair was laced with serpents, their hands were of brass, their bodies covered with scales, their teeth like tusks. Medusa, the most famous, was beheaded by Perseus.
a. noun - a predatory person or nagging woman
b. a foul creature that was part woman, part bird
a. adj. or noun - to make something banal or trite by frequent use; a horse for ordinary riding or driving, a horse kept for hire
b. from Hackney, the most common breed of heavy harness horses in the US
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