37 terms

Unit 5 Review - Civil War

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Jefferson Davis
Served as president of the Confederate States of America during the civil war.
Robert E. Lee
Most famous Southern General who lead the south to many victories in the Civil War
Abraham Lincoln
The 16th President of the United States. Led the country through its greatest internal crisis, the American Civil War.
Salmon P Chase
American politician and jurist in the Civil War era who served as U.S. Senator from Ohio and Governor of Ohio
54th Massachusetts Infantry
The first official, black regiment in U.S. History.
Ulysses S Grant
Was the General in Chief for the Union army during the Civil War.
William T. Sherman
Originator of the "scorched earth" policy and succeeded Grant as Union commander
John Wilikes Booth
American stage actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre, in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865
Andrew Johnson
the 17th President of the United States; first president to be empeached.
Carpetbaggers
People who moved to the South after the Civil War to influence politics and make money quickly.
Scalawags
was a moniker for southern whites who supported Reconstruction following the Civil War.
Sharecroppers
People who farmed on other people's land in exchange for some of the profit, Freedman's Bureau made their laws
the Whiskey Ring
a scandal, exposed in 1875, involving diversion of tax revenues in a conspiracy among government agents, politicians, whiskey distillers, and distributors.
Ku Klux Klan
secret domestic militant organizations, known for advocating white supremacy and acting as terrorists
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th President of the U.S. who was only elected by one more vote in the electoral college.
the Crittenden Plan
was an unsuccessful proposal to resolve the U.S. secession crisis of 1860-1861
Fort Sumter, SC
Sight of the first battle of the Civil War
Bull Run
the first major land battle of the American Civil War
Antietam
the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil; It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history.
US Sanitary Commission
The agency that was founded by Lincoln that allowed for women to aid in the Civil War effort.
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by Abraham Lincoln, freed all of the slaves in the Confederate states.
Battle of Vicksburg
battle where General Grant forced confederates to surrender after a long siege
Battle of Gettysburg
the battle with the largest number of casualties in the American Civil War
scorched earth campaign
U.S. attacks into the countryside where entire villages were burned and destroyed.
13th Amendment
This ended slavery.
Sherman's March to the Sea
Sherman's troops left the captured city of Atlanta, Georgia, and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah.
Appomatox Court House
The site of Robert E. Lee's surrender
Black Codes
laws passed on the state and local level mainly in the rural Southern states in the United States to limit the civil rights and civil liberties of African Americans.
Joint Committee on Reconstruction
United States Congressional joint committee that played a major role in Reconstruction.
Freedmen's Bureau
A group of free black men who got together with the government to divy up land for the newly freed slaves.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
a piece of United States legislation that gave further rights to the freed slaves after the end of the American Civil War.
14th Amendment
amendment that stated all citizens, including blacks, had rights
Radical Republicans
demanded harsh policies toward slavery and the Confederacy during the war, and toward ex-Confederates after the war, as well as support for equal rights for Freedmen
impeachment of Johnson
ne of the most dramatic events in the political life of the United States during Reconstruction
Reconstruction Act of 1867
The series of legislation that provided for a way for the government to "clean up" after the Civil War in the South.
15th Amendment
prohibits the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color or previous condition of servitude"
Election of 1877
Election that effectively ended the reconstruction with the Compromise in which the republican became president