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Psychology Chapter 10
Terms in this set (40)
Developmental psychologists focus on...
all of the above (physical, social, and cognitive)
studies growth and (physical, cognitive, and social) changes throughout the life span
developmental psychologists study infancy and childhood to learn about...
all of the above (heredity and environment, self esteem, and growth)
the automatic/sequential process of development that results from genetic signals
a stage during which a person is best suited to learn a particular skill or behavior pattern
John Watson and other behavioral psychologists believed..
an infant is born with a blank state of mind
Stage theorists describe that stages occur..
rapidly and dramatically
An example of continuous development in children is...
growth in height and weight from ages 2-11
the period from birth to the age of 2 years
Dramatic gains in height and weight occur...
the period from 2 years old to the beginning of adolescence
an involuntary reaction or response; some are essential to our survival
babies pull up their legs and arch their backs in response to sudden noise
Babies prefer the human face by
about 4 months
The visual cliff shows that...
depth-perception is a result of experience
Attachment is essential to infants because it helps them...
rely on other people for their survival
the fear of unfamiliar people that infants commonly display
distress sometimes experienced by infants when separated from primary caregivers
Infants become attached to primary caregivers through
When an infant has an insecure attachment, they will respond by
all of the above (ignoring caregivers, making no effort, )
parents combine warmth with positive kinds of strictness
Children of authoritative parents are usually...
parenting style that stresses/favors unquestioning obedience
Child care studies have shown...
mixed effects on their social development
Parents teach children self-control by..
consistent and firm enforcement of rules
the value or worth that people attach to themselves
development of self-esteem in young children are encouraged by...
expression of esteem only when the children exhibits suitable behavior
conditional positive regard
Children reach the low point of self-esteem by..
Child abuse and neglect can not be caused by...
attachment to the children
a consistent expression of esteem for the basic value
unconditional positive regard
Jean Piaget theorized that...
children's thinking develops in sequent stages
the process by which new information is placed into categories that already exist
the process of adjusting existing ways of thinking to encompass new information
awareness that objects exist even when they cannot be seen or touched
moral judgments based on consequences; fear of punishment or desire for pleasure
pre-conventional moral reasoning
moral judgments based on the standards of right and wrong from family, religion, and society
conventional moral reasoning
moral judgments reflect one's personal values
post-conventional moral reasoning
According to Piaget, people reach cognitive maturity during...
key properties of substance stays the same even if the shape is changed
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