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Architecture Parts

Includes islam... spelling counts!
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Qibla Wall
the wall of a mosque that faces Mecca; the wall Muslims face when praying
Mihrab
(Islam) a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca
Hypostyle prayer hall
In architecture, a hypostyle hall has a flat ceiling which is supported by columns, as in the Great Hypostyle Hall at Karnak. In this case the columns flanking the central avenue are of greater height than those of the side aisles, and this allows openings in the wall above the smaller columns, through which light is admitted over the aisle roof, through clerestory windows.
* rows and rows of columns like a forest, with horseshoe arches between each. Best example is Great Mosque at Cordoba
Minaret
the central area of a church, the tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day, the tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day
Narthex
A room/vestibule at the entrance to a church, directly before entering the nave. (Plain or heavily decorated)
West Towers
Twin bell towers located on the west end of the church.
Campanile
A bell tower seperate from church; generally an Italian trait.
Nave
Central aisle of a church. (usually widest part of a church, in the middle.)
Side aisle
Smaller aisles to the side of the nave.
Transept
A hall which crosses the main body of the church at a 90 degree angle, giving the church the shape of a cross.

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