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22 terms

Chapter 5, Section 2 Cards

STUDY
PLAY
Epics
long poems describing heros and great events
Myths
traditional stories about the deeds and misdeeds of gods
Oracles
special sanctuaries that priests spoke to god from
Import
Good or service bought from another country
Export
Good or service sold to another country
Aristocracies
greek city-states controlled by nobles
Hoplite
a new kind of nonaristocratic soildier; heavy infantryman
Tyrants
Leaders who seized power illegally but who were supported by the people
Popular Government
people should rule themselves rather than being ruled by others
Democracy
all citizens take part in government
Homer
the writer of the Odyssey and the Iliad
Zeus
The god of gods/lightning god
Athena
goddess of wisdom, womanly virtue, and technical skill. Wife of Zeus
Poseidon
Brother of Zeus and god of the sea
Hades
god of the underworld
Aphrodite
goddess of love and beauty, daughter of Zeus
Apollo
son of Zeus, god of light, music, and poetry
Dionsysus
god of fertility and wine
Hera
sister and wife of Zeus, goddess of marriage and family
What are some of the Olympic events?
Chariot racing, boxing, foot races, javelin, discus throwing, wrestling, jumping
Mount Olympus
this is where the Greek gods supposedly lived, on a mountain in northen Greece
What did the Greeks ask of their religion?
1.) a means of gaining, such benefits as long life, good fortune, abundant harvest
2.) an explanation of why people lose self-control
3.) an explanation of such things as thunder, lightening, etc.