32 terms

Science -Earth and atmosphere

Ms. Stevenson
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Change of phase
A change from one state of matter to another without a change in chemical composition.
chemical change
A change in which new or different kinds of matter are formed.
comparative anatomy
the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of organisms
conduction
The transfer of thermal energy by direct contact between objects
convection
Theprocess by which heat energy us transferred through liquids and gases
crustal plate
A part of the Earth's outer surface that shifts during an earthquake
Custom made
Made according to the specifications of an individual as opposed to mass made
decoding
Converting code into ordinary language
dense metallic core
referring to the center of the Earth, which has a Dense Metallic Core
density
The amount of matter in a given space
deposition of sediments
relating to rocks formed by the deposition of sediment
encoding
converting plain text into code
equilibrium
a state of balance between opposing forces or actions
glaciation
the process of covering the earth with glaciers or masses of ice
hierarchical
classified according to various criteria into successive levels or layers
hot convecting mantle
The slow creeping of the Earth's rocky mantle - the force that moves crustal plates
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth, made up of the upper part of the mantle and the crust
mass
The amount or quantiy of matter in an object
mechanical fastener
A device that attached two materials together - such as nails, screws, staples
mixture
Two or more substances that are blended, but not bonded together. A mixture can be separated by physical means
organelles
tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within the cell
physical change
a change in matter that changes physical properties, but does not produce a different kind of matter
product
a substance formed by a chemical reaction
prototype
the first model of a product that is used as a pattern for making more of that product
radiation
Energy that travels in waves and can pass through empty space as well as some objects - the release and transfer of energy in wavelengths of heat and light
relative position
location of an object as described in relation to a reference point
substance
A single kind of matter that has distinct physical and chemical properties
transformed
To undergo a change, either in appearance or in character
unicellular
Having or consisting of a single cell
volume
the amount of space that an object occupies
weathering
The process in which rocks are broken down into smaller pieces by ice, water, wind, temperature changes, plants, animals or chemicals
weight
The measure of the pull of gravity on an object