Sept. 8 Confused Words

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Genteel
Affectedly elegant
Gentile
to Jews, anone not Jewish; to Mormons, anyone not Mormon
Gentle
Not rough
Half-mast
Flags are lowered (not raised) to half-mast on ships and at naval stations
Half-staff
Flags are lowered (not raised) to half-staff everywhere else
Hangar
Aircraft shelter
Hanger
Someone or something that suspends something else
Hanged
Executed
Hung
Put up
Heroin
Drug
Heroine
Female hero, Note: the "e" at the end of the word
Historic
Having importance in history
Historical
Concerned with history
Homicide
Slaying or killing
Manslaughter
Homicide without premeditation or malice
Murder
Malicious, premeditated homicide. Do not call a killing a "murder" until someone has been convicted
Hypercritical
Too severe
Hypocritical
Pretending to be something you're not
Imply
To hint. Writers or speakers "imply"
Infer
To deduce. Readers or listeners "infer"
Impugn
To challenge
Impute
To attribute
In to
In and toward; preposition followed by an infinitive
Into
In and within; preposition only
Incidence
Rate at which something occurs
Incidents
Things that occur
Incredible
Unbelievable
Incredulous
Clear understanding
It's
Contraction for "it is" or "it has"
Its
Possessive form of "it"
Jail
Where suspects and people convicted of misdemeanors are kept; cities and counties have them
Prison
Where felons are kept; states and the federal government have them
Juggler
Person who juggles
Jugular
Neck vein
Just Deserts
Not "just desserts"
Knead
To mold
Kneed
Past tense of Knee
Need
To require
Knew
Past tense of know
New
Recent
Know
To comprehend
No
Adj., not any; Adv., opposite of yes
Lay
Transitive V., to set down; principal parts: lay, laid, have laid, is laying
Lie
Intransitive V., to recline; principal parts: lie, lay, have lain, is lying
Lye
A strong alkaline solution
Lead
N., metal; V., present tense of lead
Led
Past tense of lead
Lean
To stand diagonally, as in resting against something
Lien
The right to take or sell a debtor's property as security or payment on a loan
Legislator
Lawmaker
Legislature
Body of lawmakers
Lend
V., past tense is lent, NOT loaned
Loan
N., some authorities permit this to be used as a verb if what is lent is money, but you should try to avoid that usage
Lessen
To make less
Lesson
Instruction
Lightening
Making less heavy or dark; Note the "e" in the middle of the word
Lightning
Flash of light in the sky; Note NO "e" in the word
Loose
V., to unbind; Adj., not tight
Lose
V., to fail to win; to fail to keep
Magnate
Powerful person in business
Magnet
Metal object that attracts iron
Make up
Verb
Makeup
Noun and Adjective
Moral
Adj., virtuous; N., lesson
Morale
Confidence or spirits of a person or group
More Than
Used with figures
Over
Best used in spatial references
Naval
Pertaining to the Navy
Navel
N., belly button or depression resembling a belly button
Nauseated
How you feel when your stomach turns
Nauseous
What something is if it make your stomach turn
Negligent
Careless
Negligible
Unimportant; small
Ordinance
Law, An ordinance is adopted or approved, NOT passed
Ordnance
Weapons and Ammo
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